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SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS

SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS

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SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS

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  1. SUSTAINABLE BUILDING SYSTEMS By: Justin Kramer

  2. Off-Grid Zero Emissions Building (OGZEB)

  3. What is the OGZEB?? • Platinum Green • Water Efficient • Sustainable Site • Materials • Indoor Air Quality • Energy

  4. Energy Efficiency Source: Daniel Kammen, UC Berkeley, ER 100 Lecture 1, Fall 2005

  5. Energy Efficiency Energy Consumption by Application

  6. Energy Efficiency • Building Efficiency • Structural Insulated Panels • Consumer Efficiency • HVAC • Water Heater • Lighting

  7. $116/barrel in April 2008

  8. Energy Production

  9. $116/barrel in April 2008

  10. $116/barrel in April 2008

  11. Photovoltaic Panels • First Generation • 6 kW Array • 500 sqft • Solar Thermal • 120 sqft Collector • 300 gallon tank www.solarenergy.com Energy Collection

  12. Energy Storage

  13. H O 2 Energy Storage O H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H H O 2 2 H H 2 2 Electrolyzer Fuel Cell

  14. Energy Storage Thermal H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H 2 H H 2 2

  15. Energy Consumers Energy Consumption by Application

  16. Energy Storage

  17. Hydrogen Properties

  18. Combustion Properties

  19. Premixing Properties No Premixing 50% Premixing 100% Premixing No Premixing <- - - - - - - - -Propane - - - - - - - - -> Hydrogen

  20. Hydrogen Properties Experimental Setup

  21. Temperature Gradient Setup

  22. Temperature Gradient Analysis Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig

  23. Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig

  24. Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig Z=0 Z=0.5 z=1

  25. Gradient Profile: 135 Degrees 1.25 psig

  26. Hydrogen Retrofits

  27. Solaire Grill

  28. Solaire Burner

  29. Burner Considerations

  30. Hydrogen Burner

  31. Thermocouple Plate

  32. Rinnai Water Heater

  33. Rinnai Burner

  34. Burner Considerations 135 Degrees 180 Degrees Both have a 0.0156 in Diameter Orifice Both at 0.5 psig

  35. Hydrogen Burner

  36. Hydrogen Burner Testing

  37. Hydrogen Burner Results

  38. Hydrogen Burner Results

  39. Hydrogen Burner Results

  40. Hydrogen Burner Results

  41. Hydrogen Safety

  42. Hydrogen vs. Gasoline 0 sec University of Miami Test By: Dr. M. Swain