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AUSTRALIA’S VIRTUAL HERBARIUM

AUSTRALIA’S VIRTUAL HERBARIUM

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AUSTRALIA’S VIRTUAL HERBARIUM

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  1. AUSTRALIA’S VIRTUAL HERBARIUM A national collaborative model for integrated access to distributed biological information Australian National Herbarium

  2. Outline of presentation • Background to the AVH • What is the AVH ? • Aspects of the AVH • Plant names, specimens • Plant images, plant identification tools • Uses and users of the AVH • Botanical research • Community projects • Summary

  3. What is a Virtual Herbarium? • The physical resources and biological information of a herbarium represented digitally • On-line access to herbaria and to botanical information managed by herbaria in real time • Integrated access to botanical information from various sources in a herbarium and other on-line botanical information

  4. Where is the AVH? • Spread across Australian herbaria • Data distributed; resides with custodians • Access distributed; a portal to receive requests & deliver data in each herbarium • A common single query AVH interface in each herbarium polls all herbaria Major Australian Herbaria

  5. AVH General Architecture Databases Gateways Common Web portals Clients

  6. Current AVH Partners State Herbarium of South Australia Queensland Herbarium Australian National Herbarium Northern Territory Herbarium Tasmanian Herbarium Partners being sought in NZ herbaria and UK (Kew) National Herbarium of Victoria National Herbarium of New South Wales Western Australian Herbarium Australian Biological Resources Study

  7. Why is there an AVH? • Pressure on Herbaria to work more efficiently • Demand for access to larger amounts of data • Demand to access data more quickly • Demand to view data in different ways • Pressure on herbaria to appear and to be more responsive to community needs

  8. Potential users of the AVH • The participating herbaria have access to all the data at the highest precision • Public access filter restricts access to work in progress, sensitive locality data, etc. • Research and education • Public general interest • Access to conservation agencies, land managers, environmental decision makers

  9. There is some urgency … • Historical ignorance • Australia’s biodiversity has been damaged • At risk from inappropriate land management practices • We know a lot about what not to do • Redressing the damage, and managing better for the future, requires sound information • Sustainable natural resource management needsscientific knowledge • what was there and where it occurred • what is there now

  10. 1907 2002 There is some urgency …

  11. What is the problem? • > 20,000 species of higher plants • > 64,000 available names • Extensive synonymy (4 names per plant) • Many alternative taxonomic concepts • 8 major government-funded herbaria • Similar number of university herbaria • > 6,500,000 specimens in Aust. herbaria • 50-100 data elements per specimen • Several Kb per specimen (excl. images)

  12. Specimen data from major herbaria

  13. Herbarium database status

  14. The AVH Agreement • $10M over 5 years to database all major Australian herbarium collections • $10 million: - $ 4 million Commonwealth - $ 4 million State/Territory - $ 2 million private • Initial focus on capture of herbarium specimen data • Ultimate aim a complete flora information system

  15. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium On-line access to herbarium specimen information and botanical knowledge

  16. What do we want to know? • What species does a plant belong to? • What is its name? • What other species is it related to? • What does it look like? • Where does it grow? • Where might it grow? • What other species grow with it? • What species grow in a defined area? • How did they get there?

  17. Herbarium Specimens

  18. Specimen data Core information is from herbarium specimens Collections data: • Scientific name • Collection date • Collector name & number • Location • Soils • Habitat (incl. topography) • Vegetation community • Associated species • Plant features, e.g. colour

  19. An Herbarium Database Structure

  20. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium Some views of the data

  21. Australian Plant Name Index (APNI)

  22. www.anbg.gov.au/apni

  23. http://www.chah.gov.au/avh.html

  24. Acacia salicina

  25. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium Some uses of the data

  26. Policy & strategy • government • corporate • individual • Envir. decision making • conservation • restoration biology • resource mgmt • utilisation Data refinement action knowledge information Increasing refinement & utility of data data observations the real world

  27. ‘Greening the Grainbelt’

  28. Invasive Plant Notification

  29. Regional Floristic Analysis

  30. Regional Floristic Analysis

  31. Incurved Incurved Recurved Plant distribution analysis Pultenaea species in eastern Australia ? ? Recurved Incurved

  32. Predictive Modelling

  33. Predictive Modelling

  34. Flora Information Systems • Stand alone (CDROM) or on-line (WWW) • Generally regionally based • Integrating: • Plant names • Descriptive Flora treatments • Illustrations • Distributions

  35. Flora Information Systems

  36. Type Images on demand High resolution image oftype specimen of Austrobaileyadownloaded over the Internetfrom the Herbarium of theNew York Botanical Garden

  37. Interactive Plant Identification