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E-Commerce PowerPoint Presentation

E-Commerce

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E-Commerce

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  1. E-Commerce Chapter 11

  2. Overview This chapter covers: Potential advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce for both businesses and consumers Types of e-commerce business models and Web sites The issues a business needs to consider when implementing an e-commerce Web site Sales and marketing strategies for e-commerce Web sites E-commerce security issues

  3. What Is E-Commerce? Commerce: the exchange of goods or services E-commerce: Act of doing business transactions over the Internet or similar technology Has existed for years via private networks (electronic funds transfers, etc.) Now most often performed via the Internet M-commerce: E-commerce carried out via phones and other mobile devices

  4. What Is E-Commerce? Brick-and-mortar store: A conventional store with a physical presence. Click store (Dot-com store): An internet-only store with no physical presence

  5. Advantages of E-Commerce • Advantages for businesses: • Reduced costs • Dot-coms are less expensive than brick-and-mortar stores because there is no physical storefront to maintain • Increased customer satisfaction • If shopping experience is convenient (open all the time, no driving, etc.) • Can send customers personalized information • Broader customer base (less geographical restrictions) • Potentially higher sales • Advantages for customers: • Convenience • Easier comparison shopping • Higher number of merchants to choose from • Geographical location is not an issue • Shopping bots and other comparison shopping tools are available • Higher degree of selection • Potential cost savings • Customized products

  6. Advantages of E-Commerce • Disadvantages for businesses: • Pressure to be always open, site always working • Solid, well designed sites and hosting • Lost business due to some customer hesitation to shop online • Risk of fraudulent credit card transactions • Ease of entry for competitors • Disadvantages for customers: • Potential for fraud and other potential security problems • Buyer protection programs and using credit card protection can help • Not being able to see or touch the goods • 3D online stores may help • Possible expense of returning merchandise • Some brick and mortar stores allow returns to local stores

  7. Types of E-Commerce Web Sites Manufacturer and e-tailer Web sites: Sell products and services directly to the end user Physical goods Electronic goods Subscription site: Sells access to its online content Brokerage sites: Bring buyers and sellers together; charging commissions on sales Market and commodity exchange sites: Match organizations with goods or services to sell with potential buyers

  8. E-Commerce Business Models E-commerce business models Business-to-consumer (B2C): An e-commerce model in which a business provides goods or services to consumers Business-to-business (B2B): An e-commerce model in which a business provides goods or services to other businesses Consumer-to-consumer (C2C): An e-commerce model in which a consumer provides goods or services to other consumers Business-to-government (B2G): An e-commerce mode n which a business provides goods and services to government organizations

  9. Implementing Web-BasedE-Commerce Step 1: Select appropriate business models and types of Web sites More than one can be selected Some businesses add additional types later on Step 2: Select the desired e-commerce applications Determine electronic customer relationship management (eCRM) activities to be included Determine which other business systems the Web site will be linked to

  10. Implementing Web-BasedE-Commerce Step 3: Develop procedures for handling electronic financial transactions Need to determine which types of payments will be accepted Credit cards, Digital gift certificates, gift cards, coupons, Digital wallet:

  11. Implementing Web-BasedE-Commerce Step 4: Design the store front Sites should be carefully designed, developed, and tested Ensure order forms and checkout pages are located on a secure Web server Continue evaluation of security and collected data E-commerce features can be created using: Storefront software: Facilitates the creation of an online store (either packaged or Web-based) Shopping cart software: Designed to add only ordering capabilities to an existing Web site

  12. Implementing Web-BasedE-Commerce Step 5: Implement appropriate sales and marketing strategies Use an appropriate domain name and URL URL should be easy to remember and type Visitors should not have to type a page name (such as index.html) to view the home page of the site Include adequate customer service features Collect taxes from customers only if required by law

  13. Implementing Web-BasedE-Commerce Display a privacy policy and security statement Promote your Web site sufficiently Use appropriate meta tags (description, keywords) for search engines Submit your site to search sites Consider sponsored listings

  14. Implementing Web-BasedE-Commerce Optimize your site (SEO) Advertise your site on business cards, ads, etc. Consider using banner ads Use of rich media ads is growing Can display sponsor banner ads on site Banner ad exchanges Use of behavioral (targeted) ads is growing Update your site regularly and consider adding incentives for return visits (contests, coupons, etc.) Use e-mail marketing techniques (free shipping offers, new product notifications, etc.)

  15. Security Issues Security is essential for e-commerce Web sites Some guidelines for e-commerce sites: Secure transactions (use a secure Web server) Secure sensitive documents and files (use encryption) Authenticate online business partners (use digital certificates and digital signatures)