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-ER & -IR Verbs PowerPoint Presentation
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-ER & -IR Verbs

-ER & -IR Verbs

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-ER & -IR Verbs

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  1. -ER & -IR Verbs • As we saw in the previous presentation, there are three conjugations of verbs in Spanish: –AR, –ER, and –IR. • -ER and –IR verbs are often studied together because all of their endings (except one) are identical.

  2. BEBER • Let’s look at an example, the verb BEBER, which means “to drink.” It ends in –ER, so it is included in this class.

  3. BEBER • The verb can be split into two parts: • The base:BEB- • The infinitive ending: -ER

  4. BEBER • Now let’s say “I drink.” • Start with the base: BEB- • When you talk about yourself, add –O, just as you did for the –AR verbs.

  5. BEBER • yo bebo • Are you surprised?

  6. BEBER • Now let’s talk about you. When the subject is tú, you add –ES (remember that it’s an –ER verb).

  7. BEBER • tú bebes

  8. BEBER • Let’s guess endings for the other persons: él, ella, Ud., nosotros, ellos, ellas, Uds.

  9. BEBER • él bebe • ella bebe • Ud. bebe • nosotros bebemos • ellos beben • ellas beben • Uds. beben

  10. -ER endings • The endings for regular -ER verbs are the same as for –AR verbs, except that the vowel is –E- instead of –A-! • yo -o • tú -es • él, ella, Ud. -e • nosotros -emos • ellos -en • ustedes –en

  11. What about the –IR Verbs? • Well, take a look for yourself. Can you find the one difference? • beber vivir • bebo vivo • bebes vives • bebe vive • bebemos vivimos • beben viven

  12. That’s right! • The endings are identical except for the nosotros form: • beber: bebemos • vivir: vivimos

  13. Let’s Practice > ESCRIBIR • Yo _______ muchas cartas, pero mi hermana no _______ cartas.

  14. Escribir • Yo escribo muchas cartas, pero mi hermana no escribe cartas.

  15. RECIBIR, DEBER • Cuando yo _______ (recibir) una carta, _______ (deber) leerla [read it].

  16. RECIBIR, DEBER • Cuando yo recibo una carta, debo leerla. • N.B. There was no change in subject, so “yo” was understood to be the subject for both verbs. It was not necessary to repeat “yo.”

  17. LEER, COMPRENDER • Miguel ______ (leer) filosofía pero no la ________ (comprender) muy bien.

  18. LEER, COMPRENDER • Miguel lee filosofia pero no la comprende muy bien. • Don’t forget that the base of leer is le-, so there is a double –e on the él form.

  19. VIVIR, CORRER • Nosotros _____ (vivir) cerca de [near] un parque y ______ (correr) allí [there] por la mañana.

  20. VIVIR, CORRER • Nosotros vivimos cerca de un parque y corremos allí por la mañana.

  21. Regular Present Tense • To summarize, here are the endings for the three verb conjugations: • -AR -ER -IR • -o -o -o • -as -es -es • -a -e -e • -amos –emos –imos • -an -en -en

  22. Regular Present Tense • Now let’s look at verbs that don’t fit these neat patterns! • Start the presentation entitled Tener (#5).