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Angola

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Angola

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  1. Angola Charlotte Keller Charlotte Schuttevaer Iris Steekamp Nicolo Doeve Rosina Dimova Vincent Quint

  2. Outline • Facts • History • Social and cultural context • Political System • Economy • Main struggels • Questions C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  3. Facts about Angola Capital Luanda Land twice the size of Texas Population: 13,3 Million Languages: Portuges (off.), Bantu et al. King of Ndongo Angola C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  4. Social and cultural context • Cultural origins:Bantu, Ancient kingdom of Kongo and the former colonist Portugal • Multiple identities: Ethnicity, religion, race etc C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  5. Social struggles • Inequality of gender • Rape and violence against women • Literacy: Men 82,9% Women 54,2% C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  6. History • Independence: 11.11.75 • 3 independent movements: MPLA (AgostinhoNeto)FNLA (Holden Roberto)UNITA (Jonas Savimbi) • After independence: Civil War • South Africa and US intervened  Internationalization C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  7. End of civil war • First President: AgostinhoNeto • Civil War ended 2002 withtheLuena Memorandum of Understanding (LMO) • Victory MPLA C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  8. Political system • Multiparty Presidential Regime • Democracy? • 2 parties: MPLA, UNITA • President: Eduardo Dos Santos, since 1979. • 2010: New Constitution  sharpening authoritarian regime C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  9. Dos Santos has many influential friends C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  10. Economy One of the fastest – growing economies in the world C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  11. Economy The high growth rate in recent years was driven by high international prices for its oil C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  12. Economy • Second biggest OIL producer in Africa • 1.9 million bbl/day • > 90 % of the country‘s exports • Diamonds – 5% ot the GDP • Others – iron ores, phosphates, gold C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  13. Economy Labor force: 7.9 million -> 85% - agriculture bananas, sugarcane, coffee, fisheries products  -> 15% - industry and services Still need to import most of its food! C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  14. Corruption – 1.9 CPI C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  15. HIV/ AIDS • Adult prevalence rate – 3.9% -> vary across the country • 240 000 HIV+ and 21 000 died • Access to ART • Knowledge? C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  16. Education • Literacy -> 67.4% over the age of 15 able to read and write • lack of school buildings and teachers • Teachers – underpaid, not qualified, overworked C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  17. Thank you for your attention Are there any questions? C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint

  18. Sources • http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/angola.htm • http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-634.html • http://www.cfr.org/economics/angolas-political-economic-development/p16820 • http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6619.htm • http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2005/cr05125.pdf • http://www.everyculture.com/A-Bo/Angola.html • http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/Countries/africa/angola.html C. Keller, C.Schuttevaer, I. Steekamp, N. Doeve, R. Dimova,V. Quint