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Survey of Romans 9-16

Survey of Romans 9-16

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Survey of Romans 9-16

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  1. Survey of Romans 9-16

  2. I. General information

  3. I. General information

  4. N.T. Letters Romans is one of 21 letters in the N.T. Biography (Mt. – Jn.) History (Acts) Letters (Romans – Jude) (Specific letters Rom. –Heb. – General letters or epistles Js. – Jude) Prophecy (Revelation)

  5. Author Paul the apostle Rom. 1:1

  6. To whom written To Christians in Rome – to all Christians for all time

  7. Why it was written To show Jewish and Gentile Christians of their equality in the gospel “Paul wrote to people ‘in Christ’ and told them how to stay ‘in Christ’ by a lifetime of faithfulness and fervency.” Robert R.Taylor

  8. To show that, “The gospel of Christ is God’s plan for man’s righteousness.” Roy Deaver “The theme of Romans is that the gospel is God’s power of salvation to every believer, to the Jew first and also to the Gentile.” Frank Dunn

  9. This letter was written primarily to instruct the Christians in Rome, but also for the benefit of all the churches. The great theme of the book is set forth in Romans 1:16 " the gospel is the power of God unto Salvation to every one that believeth, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.“ Windell Gann

  10. Rom. 1:16-17 – The theme of Romans [16] For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. [17] For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

  11. Outstanding features of the book(adapted from material by Frank Dunn) Romans has been called the greatest of Paul’s epistles Righteousness – stresses being righteous before God in heart and in life

  12. Justification – stresses forgiveness, freedom from the guilt of sin Election – God’s choice of those who are in Christ to be saved from sin (God has a plan for mans salvation – when we obey we become a part of the elect)

  13. Sanctification – Stresses separation from uncleanness unto “the Master’s use” Set apart to serve God

  14. Keys To Understanding Romans Righteousness of God – refers to the plan of salvation – to God’s means of making sinners righteous, by forgiveness of sins through the gospel (Rom. 1:16-17)

  15. God imputes righteousness – God counts one’s obedient faith in Christ as the grounds for forgiveness and the basis of righteousness

  16. Justification by faith – refers to forgiveness that results from an obedient faith – an obedient faith is the kind of faith that saves – it is not salvation by “faith only”

  17. Led by the Spirit - The Holy Spirit leads us, saints and sinners alike, only by the word of God (Rom. 8:14)

  18. “And so shall all Israel be saved” (Rom. 11:26) This does not mean that all Jews will come to accept Christ or be restored as a world-ruling nation. The adverb “so” denotes the manner or way that the Jews might be saved.

  19. All Jews who are saved must be saved in the same way that all believing Gentiles are saved – BY OBEYING THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST God’s plan of salvation is for all men everywhere (Rom. 2:11)

  20. The following is a brief review from the previous lesson on Romans 1-8.

  21. Why it was written To show Jewish and Gentile Christians of their equality in the gospel “Paul wrote to people ‘in Christ’ and told them how to stay ‘in Christ’ by a lifetime of faithfulness and fervency.” Robert R.Taylor

  22. To show that, “The gospel of Christ is God’s plan for man’s righteousness.” Roy Deaver “The theme of Romans is that the gospel is God’s power of salvation to every believer, to the Jew first and also to the Gentile.” Frank Dunn

  23. Rom. 1:16-17 – The theme of Romans [16] For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. [17] For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

  24. Outstanding features of the book(adapted from material by Frank Dunn) Romans has been called the greatest of Paul’s epistles Righteousness – stresses being righteous before God in heart and in life

  25. Justification – stresses forgiveness, freedom from the guilt of sin Election – God’s choice of those who are in Christ to be saved from sin (God has a plan for mans salvation – when we obey we become a part of the elect)

  26. Sanctification – Stresses separation from uncleanness unto “the Master’s use” Set apart to serve God

  27. Keys To Understanding Romans Righteousness of God – refers to the plan of salvation – to God’s means of making sinners righteous, by forgiveness of sins through the gospel (Rom. 1:16-17)

  28. God imputes righteousness – God counts one’s obedient faith in Christ as the grounds for forgiveness and the basis of righteousness

  29. Justification by faith – refers to forgiveness that results from an obedient faith – an obedient faith is the kind of faith that saves – it is not salvation by “faith only”

  30. Led by the Spirit - The Holy Spirit leads us, saints and sinners alike, only by the word of God (Rom. 8:14)

  31. “And so shall all Israel be saved” (Rom. 11:26) This does not mean that all Jews will come to accept Christ or be restored as a world-ruling nation. The adverb “so” denotes the manner or way that the Jews might be saved.

  32. All Jews who are saved must be saved in the same way that all believing Gentiles are saved – BY OBEYING THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST God’s plan of salvation is for all men everywhere (Rom. 2:11)

  33. II. Survey of the book

  34. Rom. 9 Israel rejected and the gentiles accepted by God (Israel was responsible for her own rejection)

  35. Rom. 9:25 [25] As he saith also in Hosea, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

  36. Rom. 10 Savingfaith comes through hearing the word of God

  37. Rom. 10:17 [17] So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

  38. Rom. 10:1-3 [1] Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. [2] For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

  39. [3] For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.

  40. Rom. 11 Why God rejected Israel and accepted the gentiles

  41. Rom. 11:22 [22] Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

  42. Rom. 12 Paul’s appeal for holy living

  43. Rom. 12:21 [21] Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

  44. Rom. 13 Duties toward civil authorities (Christians are to be law abiding) --- the debt of love

  45. Rom. 13:1 [1] Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.

  46. Rom. 14 Instructions concerning optional matters

  47. Rom. 14:11-12 [11] For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. [12] So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

  48. Rom. 15 Mutual concerns --- Paul’s plans for the future

  49. Rom. 15:1 [1] We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.

  50. Rom. 16 Greetings, salutations and closing admonitions