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LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION

LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION

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LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION

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  1. LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION BY SHAIK MOHAMMAD SALEEM

  2. Life skills???? • We all want to live well and make the most of our lives. If we want to accomplish it effectively and to our full potential we must be able to put into practice the necessary life skills. • As with any job, sport or discipline, in order to be proficient at it, you must acquire and master the requisite skills. Living life fully and productively is no different.

  3. Where do you begin? • You begin by establishing a firm foundation. That foundation is "you". You must know who you are, what you want, and what you are capable of. You must then determine which values, goals and principles you will set up to guide your actions.

  4. HOW LSE HELPS YOU….. Learning about and applying the life skills will help you: • know and understand yourself better • live life more consciously and deliberately • attain personal satisfaction and fulfillment.

  5. Why are these skills essential? • What good is all the financial success in the world if you don't love yourself, know yourself, know what you really want or what you're doing here? We've all witnessed many outwardly successful and famous people who have not been able to find personal happiness. No amount of fame or fortune could fill the void they felt inside.

  6. THE BEGINNINGS… • 1979-Dr.Gilbert Botwin, a behavioural scientist published a LSE training programme for youth. • It was designed basically as a “prevention programme” aimed to assist young people to regain control over their behaviour. His intention was to create a single prevention strategy that could target substance use behaviours.

  7. THE EARLY INITIATIVES… • 1993-WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION recognized the need for such a programme. • WHY? • WHO`S VIEW OF HEALTH: • “The state of complete physical, mental and social well being.” • 1997-UNICEF recognized several levels of LSE • Spreads in several countries after 1998- including India. • 2001-A pilot project in KVS- (UNICEF sponsored programme in 40 schools of Delhi )

  8. Life skill education Examines alternatives and possibilities Allows for making choices. Leads to personal empowerment Moral/Value education Gives guidelines- right /wrong; good /bad Set of prescriptions to be compulsorily followed. Makes one, duty bound DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LSE &ME/VE

  9. WHAT ARE LIFE SKILLS ? • WHO DEFINITION: • ABILITIES FOR ADAPTIVE AND POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR THAT ENABLES INDIVIDUALS TO DEAL EFFECTIVELY WITH THE DEMANDS AND CHALLENGES OF EVERYDAY LIFE. • LIVING SKILLS TO FACE THE REALITIES OF LIFE .

  10. LIFE SKILLS Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Life skills are abilities that facilitate the physical, mental and emotional well-being of an individual (WHO) (WHO)

  11. CORE SKILLS • SELF AWARENESS • PROBLEM SOLVING • DECISION MAKING • CRITICAL THINKING • CREATIVE THINKING • INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS • COMMUNICATION SKILLS • EMPATHY • COPING WITH STRESS • COPING WITH EMOTIONS

  12. Self-awarenessRecognition of ourselves, of our character, of our strengths and weaknesses, desires and dislikes.

  13. WHO AM I ?

  14. COMPONENTS OF SELF AWARENESS • Self reflection • Self confidence • Self esteem Pt .POINTS • Self discipline • Strength • Weakness • Self-expression • Self acceptance

  15. Problem solvingSignificant problems that are left unresolved can cause mental stress and give rise to accompanying physical strain.

  16. PROBLEM SOLVING enables us to deal constructively with problems in our lives. • SOURCE • FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE PROBLEM • CONSIDER ALTERNATIVES • SWOT ANALYSIS (INTERNAL) • CONFLICT RESOLUTION TECNIQUES (EXTERNAL) • AVOIDANCE/ DIFFUSION/CONFRONTATION

  17. Decision-making helps us to deal constructively with decisions about our lives. This can have consequences for health if young people actively make decisions about their actions in relation to health by assessing the different options and what effects different decisions may have. BEST DECISIONS ARE THE ONES WHICH HAVE MULTIPLE BENEFITS CAUSING HARM TO NONE “ OK, all those who are in favour of delegating decision making , shrug your shoulders “

  18. POWER MODEL • P- PROBLEM • O- OPTIONS • W-WEIGH • E-ELECT • R- REFLECT

  19. DECISION MAKING IDENTIFFICATION OF RESOURSE. COLLECTION OF INFORMATION. ALTERNATIVES BEST CHOICE MAKE HONEST DECISIONS IMPLEMENTATION APPRAISE TAKE RESPONSIBILITY

  20. Critical Thinking Critical thinking is an ability to analyze and evaluate information and experiences in an objective manner. The quality of life we have is the result of the quality of our thinking. • 

  21. CRITICAL THINKINGthe ability to analyze facts, generate and organize ideas, defend opinions, make comparisons, draw inferences, evaluate arguments and solve problems Reasoning Analyzing Evaluating • PMI ANALYSIS • Lateral thinking. ( Edward de Bano)

  22. A model of critical thinking

  23. CREATIVE THINKINGIT IS NOTHING BUT INNOVATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING. A CONSEQUENCE OF METHODICAL THINKING TWO PROCESSES:EXPLORATION & APPLICATION. IT IS THE HEART OF INTELLIGENCE GET OUT OF THE BOX & THINK IN NEW WAYS

  24. Creative thinking contributes to both decision making and problem solving by enabling us to explore the available alternatives and various consequences of our actions or non-action.

  25. Interpersonal relationship skillsInterpersonal relationship skills help us to relate in positive ways with the people we interact with. This may mean being able to make and keep friendly relationships, which can be of great importance to our mental and social well being. It may mean keeping good relations with family members, which are an important source of social support. It may also mean being able to end relationships constructively.

  26. INTER PERSONAL RELATIONS • Building up relations • Co-operative living . • Respect for other's sentiments • Appreciation for others • Generosity in encouraging • Living upto others expectations. • Sense of humor

  27. Effective communication Effective communication means that we are able to express ourselves, both verbally and non-verbally, in ways that are appropriate to our cultures and situations. This means being able to express opinions and desires, but also needs and fears. And it may mean being able to ask for advice and help in a time of need.

  28. COMMUNICATION SYSTEM • THE SENDER • THE RECIEVER • THE MEDIUM • THE MESSAGE • FEED BACK

  29. Communication skills • Communication – an important component of human life • Types of communication • Verbal vs non Verbal • Body language (conveying positive regard) • Sharing feelings • Honing up communication skills.

  30. Empathy is the ability to imagine what life is like for another person, even in a situation that we may not be familiar with. Empathy can help us to understand and accept others, who may be very different from ourselves, which can improve social interactions, for example, in situations of ethnic or cultural diversity.

  31. Managing feelings and emotionsManaging feelings and emotions includes skills for increasing internal locus of control for managing emotions, anger and stress. This may mean that we take action to reduce the sources of stress, for example, by making changes to our physical environment or lifestyle. Or it may mean learning how to relax, so that tensions created by unavoidable stress do not give rise to health problems.

  32. COPING WITH EMOTIONS • “Amygdala attack” (Emotional hijacking) • Rational brain vs Emotional brain • Emotional intelligence (Daniel Goleman) • Handling emotions generously. • Being an urban saint • EI can be developed thro`social- emotional development programmes.

  33. COPING WITH STRESS • Identification of the stressors. • Identification of time wasters. • Identification of stress managers • Identification of stress alternators. • Living with stress • Good stress vs Bad stress

  34. FRAMEWORK LIFE SKILLS

  35. Getting to Know Yourself SELF - AWARENESS + CRITICAL THINKING

  36. PROBLEM SOLVING CREATIVE THINKING CRITICAL THINKING

  37. Key Messages • We all have different attributes / qualities. • We need to develop an awareness about the skills which will help us to live a better life • Heaven or hell – it is our own creation. • We can learn to overcome our short comings or not - we have a choice. • Personal development is an ongoing process and journey. As Robert Louis Stevenson said: • "To be what we are, and to become what we are capable of becoming, is the only end of life."

  38. A POINT TO PONDER….. • ONE HAS TO ACHIEVE NOT MERELY TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY – BUT GREATNES OF SPIRIT -DR. S. RADHAKRISHNAN

  39. Come .. Lets be life skilled….

  40. ALL THE BEST THANK YOU