BICYCLE SAFETY OFFICER GILBERT SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICER: SFMS SFES PKES
Bicycle Safety BICYCLE FACTS • More kids ages 5 to 14 go to the hospital emergency room departments with injuries related to biking than with any other sport.1 • About 567,000 people per year go to the emergency room with bicycle-related injuries; about 350,000 of those injured are children under 15 years of age. • 90% of bicycle-related deaths involve collisions with motor vehicles. WHO, WHAT, WHEN & WHY • The number of people who ride bicycles rose from 66.9 million in 1991 to 80.6 million in 1998. • In 1999, 35% of bicycle-related deaths occurred at intersections. • Bicycle incidents are most likely to occur within five blocks of home • Almost half of all bicycle crashes occur in driveways or on sidewalks.
WHO, WHAT, WHEN & WHY • The number of people who ride bicycles rose from 66.9 million in 1991 to 80.6 million in 1998. • In 1999, 35% of bicycle-related deaths occurred at intersections. • Bicycle incidents are most likely to occur within five blocks of home • Almost half of all bicycle crashes occur in driveways or on sidewalks.
Bicycle Helmets • In 1997, 813 bicyclist were killed in crashes, an increase of 7% from the previous year. Of these, 97% were not wearing helmets. • Medical research shows that 85% of bicyclists’ head injuries can be prevented by a bicycle helmet. • Having friends or parents who wear bike helmets significantly encourages children to use them.
STATISTICS TO BE AWARE OF • 57% of all riders don’t wear helmets every time they ride • 40% of bike riders say they don’t own a helmet • 41% of parents say their children always wear a helmet when riding • Only 29% of children who ride bikes say they wear helmets
WHY A HELMET? Bike helmets can reduce the risk of head injury in a crash by 85%. A broken arm mends, scrapes and bruises heal, but a head injury can be forever. More than 60% of childhood bicycle related fatalities occur on small neighborhood roads and streets.
‘s Of Maintaining Your Bicycle • Air Check – Check tire pressure and inflate to recommended maximum pressure. Look for damage and tread wear. • Brakes – Examine brake pads, cables and housings. Ensure that all brake pads open and close together and operate smoothly. • Crank – Check for bearing play in crank and headset. • Quick Release – Many bicycles are equipped with quick-release axles rather than the traditional thread and nut type of wheel axle. Make sure any quick-release devices are tightened and tires secured to the frame. • Component Check – Check bicycle components and ensure all are functioning properly by taking a slow ride in an area designed for bicycles.
EASY RULES TO STAY SAFE ON YOUR BICYCLE • Keep your bicycle in good working order by checking the tires, making sure the seat is secure and the chain is oiled and tight. • Take a safety course. • Place reflectors on the front, rear sides, and pedals. • Cycle defensively. Expect a car to pull out from the side street or turn left in front of you. • Cycle with the flow of traffic, never against it. If traffic is heavy, walk your bike across an intersection. • Leave at least three feet of distance when passing parked cars to avoid doors being open. • ALWAYS WEAR AN APPROVED HELMET. SAFETY FIRST TRUE STORY 1 LEGO STORY
HAND SIGNALS I I I -------------------HAND SIGNALS------------------ I I I I
HAND SIGNALS WHICH IS THE HAND SIGNAL FOR STOPPING OR SLOWING DOWN? C A B D
WORKS CITED Brain Injury Association of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Aug. 2009. <http://www.biausa.org>. Emergency Medical Services Authority. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Aug. 2009. <http://www.emsaonline.com/ mediacenter/articles/00000054.html>. Kids Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2009. <http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/watch/out/ bike_safety.html>. Loyola University Health System. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Aug. 2009. <http://www.stritch.luc.edu/depts/ injprev/Breakpnt/bp-v4-5.htm>.