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Broadcast News Refresher Lecture

Broadcast News Refresher Lecture

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Broadcast News Refresher Lecture

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  1. Broadcast News Refresher Lecture KBP-Cebu Chapter September 26, 2009 Baseline Restaurant Lecturer: JUN TARIMAN

  2. What is NEWS?

  3. The dog bites a man. What is NEWS?

  4. The dog bites a man. A man bites a dog. What is NEWS?

  5. News Process • News Gathering • News Writing • News Presentation/Reporting

  6. News Process • News Gathering • Story Conference • Deployment of news team/reporter • News Desk vs. Field Reporter • News Producer vs. News Anchor • Art of Interviewing • Human Trail, Paper Trail, Electronic Trail • News Writing • News Presentation/Reporting

  7. News Process • News Gathering • News Writing • Determine the focus sentence • News Story Form and Organization • Inverted Pyramid vs. Square Format • Cebuano News Writing/Reporting • News Presentation/Reporting

  8. News Process • News Gathering • News Writing • Determine the focus sentence • It helps you decide what you must include. • It helps you decide what you can leave out. • It helps you decide what order to set out the facts to lead the listener through the story logically. • It sums up the essentials of your story in one sentence that answers these three questions: Who, What, and Why?

  9. Focus Sentence • Examples: Kim teaches Writing for Radio because she wants journalists to tell compelling radio stories. People in Buenos Aires are planning to march tonight because they want the mayor to resign after a nightclub fire killed more than 180 people.

  10. Focus Sentence • Examples: Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada seeks full media coverage of the trial of his cases to inform the public of the status of his case. Giant broadcasting network ABS-CBN has vowed to remain free from government’s censorship especially during the times when the public needs most of the information.

  11. Focus Sentence • Focus: Indonesian authorities are speeding up the naming of all of its islands to prepare the country in territorial disputes resolution. Indonesia islands/morning prime News/ March 8, 2006 The United Nations has asked Indonesia to speed up the naming of all of its islands. Marine Affairs and Fisheries Minister Freddy Numberi says the country has until 2007 to submit the names to the U-N. Freddy says barely half of the more than 17-thousand islands in Indonesia have been named.

  12. Focus Sentence He said local authorities are now being tasked to name their respective islands rather than wait for the Ministry of Home Affairs to do it. Freddy warned that the delay in naming the islands will jeopardize Indonesia’s claim over these islands before an international forum. Other countries have also claims over some of the islands. Freddy is optimistic Indonesia would be able to submit on time the names of its islands. -30-

  13. most important facts supporting details additional details more details News Story Form & Organization Inverted Pyramid

  14. story lead fact 2 and detail fact 3 and detail rounding off News Story Form & Organization Square Format

  15. News Sentence Structure • Passive sentences • Follows the Object-Verb-Subject agreement • Example: O V S A man was bitten by the dog.

  16. News Sentence Structure • Passive sentences • Follows the Object-Verb-Subject agreement • Example: O V S A man was bitten by the dog. • Active sentences • Follows the Subject-Verb-Object agreement • Example: S V O The dog bites a man.

  17. News Sentence Structure • Passive sentences • Follows the Object-Verb-Subject agreement • Example: O V S A man was bitten by the dog. The president was bitten by a dog. • Active sentences • Follows the Subject-Verb-Object agreement • Example: S V O The dog bites a man. The dog bit the President.

  18. Mga Sayop sa Pagsulat ug Pagsibya sa Cebuano “A True Story”

  19. Cebuano Journalism Sentence Structure: S V O I am going to the Carbon Market.

  20. Cebuano Journalism Sentence Structure: S V O I am going to the Carbon Market. Ako moadto sa Carbon Market.

  21. Cebuano Journalism Sentence Structure: S V O I am going to the Carbon Market. Ako moadto sa Carbon Market. V S O Moadto ko sa Carbon Market

  22. S-V-O format “Gatosan ka mga magsisibya sa radyo ug telebisyon ang nagtapok sa labing unang higayon nga Broadcaster’s Congress.” V-S-O format “Pormal nang gibuksan kagahapon ang kasaulogan sa Broadcaster’s Month dinhi sa Sugbo.” Always use the V-S-O form

  23. Always use the V-S-O form Nasunog ang usa ka tindahan nga nahimutang sa barangay Paknaan niadtong Sabado sa kadlawon. Nadawat sa Mandaue City Fire Department ang alarma… alas dose cuarenta y nueve niadtong Sabado sa kadlawon. Hinoon, wala kakatap ang kayo sa ubang mga panimalay sa dapit… human ma-control sa mga bombero ang sunog… sulod lang sa usa ka minuto. Gibana-banangmokabat sa baynte singko mil pesos ang danyos diin gilambigit sa koryente ang hinungdan sa pag-ulbo sa sunog..

  24. Always use the V-S-O form (wrong) Motorsiklo sa Cebu City Traffic Operations Management o CITOM gituohang gisunog samtang giparada sa may barangay Basak-San Nicolas, dakbayan sa Sugbo.

  25. Who is the subject? • Position/Designation first before name Cebu City Police Director Sr. Supt. Patricinio Comendador has ordered the manhunt of….

  26. Who is the subject? • Position/Designation first before name Cebu City Police Director Sr. Supt. Patricinio Comendador has ordered the manhunt of…. Gimando sa hepe sa kapolisan sa Dakbayan sa Sugbo--Sr. Supt. Patrocinio Comendador ang pagpangita sa…

  27. Paghubad (Translation) • No literal translation Sunstar Daily: “The Aboitiz Football Cup kicks off this Sunday at the…. “

  28. Paghubad (Translation) • No literal translation Sunstar Daily: “The Aboitiz Football Cup kicks off this Sunday at the…. “ Superbalita: “Mopatid karong Dominggo ang Aboitiz Football Cup diha sa … “

  29. Paghubad (Translation) • No literal translation Sunstar Daily: “The Aboitiz Football Cup kicks off this Sunday at the…. “ Superbalita: “Mopatid karong Dominggo ang Aboitiz Football Cup diha sa … “ “Magsugod karong Dominggo ang Aboitiz Football Cup diha sa…. “

  30. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 1 – Usa (uno) 6 – Unom (sais) 2 – Duha (dos) 7 – Pito (siete) 3 – Tulo (tres) 8 – Walo (ocho) 4 – Upat (cuatro) 9 – Siyam (nueve) 5 – Lima (cinco) 10 – Napulo (diez)

  31. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 11 – Napulo’g usa (onse) 20 – Kawhaan (bente) 12 – Napulo’g duha (dose) 21 – Kawhaa’g usa 13 – Napulo’g tulo (trese) 22 – Kawhaa’g duha 14 – Napulo’g upat (katorse) 15 – Napulo’g lima (kinse)

  32. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 30 – Kat’loan (trenta) 80 – Kawaloan (ochenta) 40 – Kap-atan (cuarenta)90 – Kasiyaman (nobenta) 50 – Kalim-an (singkuwenta) 100 – Usa ka gatos 60 – Kaunoman (sais sienta) 200 – Duha ka gatos 70 – Kapitoan (sietenta) 300 – Tulo ka gatos

  33. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 128 = Usa ka gatos ug kawhaan ug walo

  34. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 128 = Usa ka gatos ug kawhaan ug walo (Siento bente ocho)

  35. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 128 = Usa ka gatos ug kawhaan ug walo (Siento bente ocho) 1989 = Usa ka libo siyam ka gatos ug kawaloa’g siyam ka tuig

  36. Paghubad (Translation) • Relax the Cebuano rule for Numbers 128 = Usa ka gatos ug kawhaan ug walo (Siento bente ocho) 1989 = Usa ka libo siyam ka gatos ug kawaloa’g siyam ka tuig (Mil nueve sientos ochenta y nueve)

  37. Paghubad (Translation) • abUsing “ar”, “er” as suffixes accommodate + ar = akomodar resolve + ar = resolbar falsify + ar = palsipikar to delay +ar = delatar attend + er = attender distribute + er = distribuwer

  38. Paghubad (Translation) • abUsing “ar”, “er” as suffixes accommodate + ar = akomodar (pagdawat) resolve + ar = resolbar (paghusay, pagsulbad) falsify + ar = palsipikar (ilegal nga pag- usab) to delay +ar = delatar (paglangan) attend + er = attender (pagtagad) distribute + er = distribuwer (pag-apod- apod)

  39. Paghubad (Translation) • Retain the English words naytklab = night club drayber = driver pirslab = first love plaslayt = flash light obertaym = overtime adbentyur = adventure to slide 52

  40. “Inappropriate” Use of Words • Collective Nouns don’t need “mga” kapolisan katilingban katawhan kahayopan kababayenan kalasangan kalalakin-an kakahoyan kabatan-onan kalungsoran kabomberohan kaparian kadagatan kasundalohan kabukiran kaparyentihan

  41. “Inappropriate” Use of Words • Collective Nouns don’t need “mga” “…hilabi na sa atong mga kapolisan dinha…”

  42. 5 Ws & 1H Diin o Asa = Where Kanus-a = When Nga = Which Kinsa = Who Ngano = Why Unsaon = How “Inappropriate” Use of Words

  43. 5 Ws & 1H Diin o Asa = Where Kanus-a = When Nga = Which Kinsa = Who Ngano = Why Unsaon = How “…and signing sa commitment wall diin… sa hitabo…” “…gitiwas ang hamubong programa kung diin gisugdan kini sa pag-bendisyon… “Inappropriate” Use of Words

  44. “Inappropriate” Use of Words • Kun vs. Kon Kon = if Kun = or kon dili = if not kundili = but

  45. “Inappropriate” Use of Words • Useless phrases and words • Sa laing balita… (in another news) • Sa laing bahin (meanwhile) • Samtang (while)

  46. “Inappropriate” Use of Words • Useless phrases and words • Sa laing balita… (in another news) • Sa laing bahin (meanwhile) • Samtang (while) • (correct use of “Samtang”) “Usa ka nursing student ang nabiktima sa pagpanulis SAMTANG nagsakay og jeep.” • (correct use of “Samtang”) “…aron makuha ang ilang Tatakbo Ka shirt ug election pins SAMTANG ang mga politiko nga andam mosalmot naghinam-hinam sab…”

  47. “Kay” wa’y gamit …apan kulang ug mabaw pa diay kaayo kini tungod kay ang atong naandan nga pinulongan kay nasagolan naman diay og mga banyaga.

  48. “Matod pa” is vague Matod pa sa ubang tawo, mas mo-uswag ang usa ka nasod kon magkasinabtanay ang mga molopyo.

  49. “Matod pa” is vague Matod pa sa ubang tawo, mas mo-uswag ang usa ka nasod kon magkasinabtanay ang mga molopyo. Matod pa sa akong maestro…. Matod pa ni Judge Suerte…

  50. “Possession” is not posisyon