America’s Origins American History Honors Review Unit One Alan Maclachlan, PhD Mandeville High school Mandeville, Louisiana 2013
Section assessments; (NOTE: unless otherwise required, all assignments must be hand written in your spiral notebook. Assignments written on loose leaf paper will not be accepted NO CREDIT will be given for assignments which are incomplete or late/unexcused. Classwork grade; Jamestown Scavenger Hunt Activity ; due Friday, August 16th 25 points total Homework grade; Two column analysis of primary source document by John Winthrop; due Tuesday August 20th 25 points. Homework grade ; Exploration essay (see instructions in slide #26 ) Due Thursday, August 22nd 25 points total Classwork grade; After the Mayflower questions; due Tuesday August 27th 25 points total Homework grade; Vocabulary definitions; due Wednesday August 28th 25 points total Classwork grade; Unit test; Thursday, August 29th 50 points total Unit value; 100 classwork points, 75 homework points
Vocabulary termsWrite the definitions on a vocabulary page in your spiral notebook as you explore the links provided. NO CREDIT WILL BE GIVEN for definitions not contained in your spiral notebook! • The Atlantic World • Juan Ponce de Leon • Algonquian • Iroquoian • Richard Hakluyt • Jamestown • Virginia House of Burgesses • The Mayflower Compact • John Smith • Pocahontas • John Rolfe • William Bradford • John Winthrop • Massachusetts Bay • The Pequot war • New Netherlands • Lord Baltimore • Roger Williams • Anne Hutchinson • The First Navigation Act • King Philip’s War • Bacon’s rebellion • William Penn • New France • Pilgrims • Puritans
A Timeline of Colonial American History Colonial American Chronology
By the early 1600’s, Europe, Africa and the New World were connected by a web of trade routes The Atlantic World
Click the link for more information about this “Atlantic World.”Living in the Atlantic World
North America; already populated and diverse Those new arrivals who came to the region which would become the United States arrived on a continent which was already populated by hundreds of different indigenous (native) groups, related by varying degrees of shared language, customs, beliefs and skills. Certain major groups, such as the Algonquin and Iroquois, had lengthy traditions of rivalry and warfare at the time that Europeans first arrived in North America Native American cultural and linguistic groups
16th century Europe was a patchwork of large kingdoms and small principalities. These were frequently at war with one another for land, wealth, resources and religious differences mysite.cherokee.k12.ga.us
16th century Africa was likewise divided into large and small kingdoms Just as in Europe, Rivalries frequently existed Between them Wikimedia commons
The Spanish were the first Europeans proven to have explored and permanently settled North America The Spanish, Dutch, English and French Explore what would become The United States and Canada A multimedia history of St. Augustine, Florida
Europeans came to the New World for many reasons; Causes of Immigration Seeking wealth Seeking religious and social freedom Resettlement of surplus population
By the late 1500’s, English society was increasingly unstable • The early industrial revolution created a demand for wool to be woven into cloth • The Enclosure Movement expelled tenant farmers from rented land so that the land could be converted to pasture to raise sheep • England’s cities became crowded with homeless and unemployed ex-tenant farmers • A new commercial and industrial middle class threatened the power of the monarchy and traditional aristocracy; The Crown VS: Parliament • Religious differences created social tensions
Richard Hakluyt, 1584; text copy to be distributed in class “...All the commodities of all our old decayed and dangerous trades in all Europe, Africa, and Asia...may in short space [count] for little or nothing [compared with]...that part of America which lieth between 30 and 60 degrees of northerly latitude, if by our slackness we suffer not the French or others to prevent us....”
Using Two-Column Notes to analyze a document; Two column notes—sometimes called Cornell Notes—are an effective way to analyze the content of any written document. The link below will take you to a page which explains two column notes. Once we have discussed this method in class, we will analyze Richard Hakluyt’s letter using this method. In the future, you will use this method on a regular basis for graded assignments of written documents, articles and letters. How to use the Cornell Two Column note system
Jamestown scavenger Hunt Questions The next three slides contain several links about the settlement and settlers of colonial Jamestown, Virginia. As you explore these links, find the answers to the following Jamestown Scavenger Hunt questions. Be sure to write all the answers IN YOUR SPIRAL NOTEBOOK! ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? • American History Honors/ Jamestown Scavenger Hunt • Name__________________ Class period_______________________ • 25 points for finding all the correct answers; teamwork encouraged, but NO COPYING answers, which is cheating; zero points for unexcused, grossly inaccureate, incomplete or late! Work together, have fun, find the answers, and earn maximum points. • 1.) Who was Mary Jeffery Galt and what did she find “with her own hands?” Also, what kind of chair is she sitting in? • 2.) The number of bricklayers in the original Jamestown expedition was exactly ________, no more, no less. • 3.) In the interactive map of Jamestown, what structure was located at point #22, and why do you think that location may have been chosen for it? • 4.) A “goffering iron” was a form of early golf club. If you think that this statement is true, circle T and move on. If you think this statement is false, explain what a “goffering iron” was in 25 words or less. • 5.) What was built just outside the walls of the original Jamestown fort in 1861? • 6.) Jamestown was located; a) on an island b) next to I-12 c) on the highest hill for miles around d) at the edge of a nasty wet bug-filled marsh e) none of these • 7). What exciting experience did John Smith have in 1608?
Scavenger Hunt questions (cont.) • 8.) Who did Pocahontas marry? Where did she live after that? • 9.) For whom was Jamestown named? (be sure to get the numbers right) • 10.) What was Robert Hunt’s role among the original group of settlers? • 11.) According to the first settlers’ list, there were exactly 29 __________________________ who were not expected to perform physical work because of their social rank. • 12.) In November of their first year, the Jamestown settlers celebrated America’s first Thanksgiving (circle one). T F Maybe. • 13.) Who were Powhatan and Opecanough, and what was their relationship to one another? • 14.) Did you see agent “007?” If so, where? • 15.)What is the “glass house” and where would you find it?
In 1607, the first permanent English settlement was established at Jamestown, VirginiaJamestown; 1607
The link below will take you to a video and other resources about JamestownJamestown multimedia resources
The English and The Dutch competed for control in the Northeast
Meanwhile, to the north and west, France claimed ownership of huge parts of the continent; Eventually, England and France would go to war for control of the land which eventually became the United States and Canada; the English victory in that war shaped the United States as we know it today.
Eventually, the English created thirteen distinct colonies along the coast of North America; Chart of the 13 colonies which became the United States
The Pilgrims In 1620 a group of settlers commonly known as “Pilgrims” landed in what became Massachusetts; unlike the Puritans who would follow them, the Pilgrims had left The Church of England and therefore were not representatives of any larger movement. Already a cohesive community when they landed in North America, the Pilgrims settled in an abandoned Indian Village at Plymouth, created good relations with the local Wampanoag people, and created the first enduring American tradition; Thanksgiving.
Then, in 1630…. ……a new, much larger, group of English people arrived in Massachusetts. These were the Puritans, who remained members of the Church of England but were subject to persecution and legal restrictions in their home country as a result of their criticisms of The Church of England. One of their leaders was John Winthrop; read the text of his “reasons for Puritan migration” (printout to be provided) and analyze it using the Cornell two column note system. 25 points classwork grade.
John Winthrop; Reasons for Puritan Migration to the New World, 1629 Reasons for Puritan migration 1. It will be a service to the Church of great consequence to carry the Gospel into those parts of the world...& to raise a Bulwark against the kingdom of AnteChrist w[hi]ch the Jesuits labour to reare up in those parts. 2. All other churches of Europe are brought to desolation, & o[u]r sins, for w[hi]ch the Lord begins already to frown upon us & to cut us short, do threaten evil times to be coming upon us, & who knows, but that God hath provided this place to be a refuge for many whom he means to save out of the general calamity, & seeing the Church hath no place left to fly into but the wilderness, what better work can there be, then to go & provide tabernacles & food for her against she comes thither: 3. This Land grows weary of her Inhabitants, so as man, who is the most precious of all creatures, is here more vile & base then the earth we tread upon, & of less price among us then an horse or a sheep: masters are forced by authority to entertain servants, parents to maintain there own children, all towns complain of the burthen of their poore, though we have taken up many unnecessary yea unlawful trades to maintain them, & we use the authority of the Law to hinder the increase of o[u]r people.... 4. The whole earth is the Lords garden & he hath given it to the Sons of men w[i]th a gen[era]l Commission: Gen: 1:28: increase & multiply, & replenish the earth & subdue it,...why then should we stand striving here for places of habitation...& in the meane time suffer a whole Continent as fruitful & convenient for the use of man to lie waste w[i]thout any improvement? 5...all arts & Trades are carried in that deceitful & unrighteous course, as it is almost impossible for a good & upright man to maintain his charge & live comfortably in any of them. 6. The fountaine of Learning & Religion are so corrupted as...most children (even the best wittes & of fairest hopes) are perverted, corrupted, & utterly overthrown by the multitude of evil examples.... R.C. Winthrop, Life and Letters of John Winthrop (Boston, 1864), I, 309-311
We will view the PBS video“After The Mayflower” about the Pilgrims, their relationships with local Indians and the first fifty years of New England history. This video is also available to view for free online via hulu. Having viewed the video, provide hand written answers to the questions on the next page;
Answer all of the following questions IN YOUR SPIRAL NOTEBOOK. NO CREDIT will be given for answers which are late or incomplete! After The Mayflower follow-up analysis; once we have finished viewing the film, respond to the following prompts in writing in your American History spiral notebook. This assignment is due at the beginning of class on Thursday, August 16. There will be no credit given for responses which are incomplete, late and unexcused, or which aren’t written in your history notebook. 25 points total • Compare and contrast the levels of technology of the Plymouth settlers and the Wampanoag. • What role did disease play in shaping the relationship between the Plymouth settlers and the Wampanoag? • Was language a barrier between the two sides? Why or why not? • Did assimilation occur between the Plymouth settlers and the Wampanoag? What forms did this take? • What was the overall effect of the arrival of English settlers on the way of life of the Wampanoag and other indian tribes of the area? • How did relations change following the death of Edward Winslow? • What were some of the differences between the Massachusetts Bay Puritans and the Plymouth Pilgrims? • How did these differences impact the local Indian tribes?
Exploration essay; IN YOUR SPIRAL NOTEBOOK, write approximately 1/2 page (handwritten) describing an aspect of the topics we have covered in this unit which you find of particular interest. This might be a particular time or place, a person or event, some part of a way of life or personal experiences of those who came before us here in America. You may write about any topic you choose, but please give lots of supporting details and reasons for your choice. Use the websites provided in this unit to explore your topic in detail. Treat the exploration like an adventure into a new place and write about what you found. As always in this course, remember that accuracy in writing and composition is important, and so—please write in complete sentences, and proofread for proper spelling, grammar and punctuation. Credit; all or nothing; 25 points total for essays which are on time and on point, zero points for those which are incomplete or late/unexcused.
America’s origins; End of Unit There will be a fifty point test on the content of this unit