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Unit 3: Constitution Test

Unit 3: Constitution Test

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Unit 3: Constitution Test

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  1. Unit 3: Constitution Test Mr. Young 3rd Period

  2. The president can check Congress by this power, meaning to reject its legislation. • a. judicial review c. veto • b. override

  3. Article II (2) of the Constitution is important because it helps to setup and • a. describe the executive branch. • b. describe the legislative branch. • c. describe expressed powers.

  4. The Constitutional principle of _________________ determines that each branch of the government has its own responsibilities that they will fulfill. • a. Separation of Powers • b. Judicial Review • c. Popular Sovereignty

  5. Article 1 of the Constitution created what the founders thought was to be the most important of the three branches of government. • a. Supreme Court c.Executive Branch • b. Legislative Branch

  6. These amendments are known collectively as the Civil War Amendments • a. 17-20 c. none of the above • b. 13-15

  7. Powers directly given to Congress in the Constitution and itemized 1-18 are known as • a. Concurrent Powers c.Ordinance • b. Enumerated/Expressed Powers

  8. _____________________, or rule by the people, is the cornerstone of the Constitution. • a. Expressed Power c.Federalism • b. Popular Sovereignty

  9. A proposed Constitutional amendment can be ratified by • a. 3/4 of State conventions c. A or B • b. 3/4 of state legislatures

  10. False speech intended to hurt another is known as • a. slander. c.prior restraint. • b. due process of law.

  11. This final enumerated power gives Congress the right to make all "necessary and proper" laws to help carry out the powers expressed in the other parts of Article 1, sometimes making Congress stretch its powers beyond what it was actually given. • a. elastic clause c.expressed powers • b. jurisdiction

  12. This action between the President and the head of a foreign government does NOT require congressional approval. • a. executive agreement c. poll tax • b. impeachment

  13. The First Amendment allows the American press to not be subject to _______________, or government censorship of information before it is published or broadact. • a. Change of Venue c. Slander • b. Prior Restraint

  14. The Constitution is a short document. Approximately how many words make up the Constitution? • a. 17,000 c. 7,000 • b. 5,000

  15. The Amendment process, which is started at the national level and then sent to the state level, shows which major principal of the Constitution in action? • a. Checks and Balances c. Federalism • b. Judicial Review

  16. Supreme Court case that lent support to a broad interpretation of the Constitution by upholding Congress’s use of the Necessary and Proper Clause. • a. McCulloch v. Maryland • b. Roe v. Wade • c.Marbury v. Madison

  17. Article 6 of the Constitution contains the ___________________, establishing that the Constitution and the laws passed by Congress are the supreme law of the land. • a. Supremacy Clause • b. Congressional Clause • c. Hierarchy Clause

  18. When an amendment is proposed to Congress, it takes this fraction from each house in order for the proposed amendment to be sent to the states for ratification? • a. 1/2 c. 2/3 • b. ¾

  19. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are called the • a. Bill of Rights. c.Preamble. • b. Civil War Amendments

  20. The President’s power to veto legislation passed by Congress is an example of • a. Judicial Review c.executive agreement • b. Checks and balances

  21. This branch of government is the final authority on the Constitution because it can interrupt its meaning. • a. executive c.judicial • b. legislative

  22. In this part of the Constitution, there are a total of 7 that help to create and setup our government, including the three branches of government. • a. Supremacy Clause c.Articles • b. Preamble

  23. Also another name for the 20th Amendment, this means when Congressional leaders either retire or are removed from office, and during their remaining time accomplish nothing or have little to no influence. • a. Spotted Duck c. Lame-Duck • b. Wounded Duck

  24. The Fifth Amendment states that the government may not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without ________________, which means the government must follow constitutional procedures when holding and conducting trials or actions. • a. Prior Restraint c. Change of Venue • b. Due Process of Law

  25. Supreme Court case that helped to establish the principle of judicial review. • a. McCulloch v. Maryland c. Roe v. Wade • b. Marbury v. Madison

  26. Ratification of an amendment must come within this time limit. • a. six months years • b. the president's term

  27. What Amendment to the Constitution has been the only Amendment to ever be repealed? • a. 16th c.20th • b. 18th

  28. This section of the Constitution, which begins the document, states why it was written, using phrases such as, “We the People,” and “to establish justice.” • a. Preamble c.Amendments • b. Bill of Rights

  29. The Constitution set up a federal system of government (federalism) by • a. giving the President the power to veto an act of Congress • b. Providing a formal amendment process • c. dividing power between the National Government and the States

  30. According to Amendment 4, officers must have ___________________, or reasonable doubt, before they can search for or arrest someone linked to a crime. • a. Permission from the person c.Slander • b. Probable Cause

  31. This elevated the Supreme Court to a higher status, balancing the powers of the other branches, establishing that the Supreme Court could declare laws invalid or unconstitutional. • a. judicial review c.judicial activism • b. Constitutional amendment

  32. The ______________ brings about and starts the impeachment process, however, it is the _________________ job to determine the accused person’s guilt or innocence. • a. Senate; House c.House; Senate • b. House; Supreme Court

  33. When a federal official is accused of committing crimes, it is known as a(n) • a. impeachment c.ratification • b. appeal

  34. Supreme Court decisions can only be overturned by the Court itself or by • a. Constitutional amendment. • b. order of the president. • c. judicial activism.

  35. The Constitution called for the creation of a Supreme Court in this Article • a. 2 c.3 • b. 1

  36. The Supreme Court, outlined in Article 3, has the __________________, or authority, to rule on all federal or national cases. • a. Power c.Necessity • b. Jurisdiction