Diwali • The story of Diwali: http://www.mocomi.com/zone/diwali/
“DeepaVali” or Diwali is the Indian Festival of lights. • ‘Deepa’ means lamp or light and ‘Vali’ means ‘string of’.
It is one of the biggest Hindu festivals celebrated with pomp and splendour all over India and in many other parts of the world.
The Hindu calendar is based on the lunar cycle and the movement of the moon, unlike the conventional Western (or Gregorian) calendar. • The result is that Hindu festivals move about the Western calendar from year to year. • Diwali, for example falls on the date of the new moon between the Hindu months of Asvina and Kartika, usually this is in October or November.
What is the story of King Rama? • After fourteen years of exile in the forest, the King of Ayodhya, Rama, and his brother Laksman, returned to their hometown. • Before that, they defeated Demon King Ravana in a fierce war. • Upon Rama's return to Ayodhya the people of the town lit lamps to welcome the King back and to celebrate the victory over Ravana. • Overjoyed at the return of King Rama, the people danced and celebrated and fired fireworks to show how happy they were. These festivities continue every year at Diwali and are still celebrated today.
Celebrations Homes are thoroughly cleaned, windows are opened and diyas are lit as a greeting to Lakshmi, goddess of wealth. candles are often substituted for diyas. During Diwali, gifts are exchanged and festive meals are prepared.
The celebration means as much to Hindus as Christmas does to Christians, Eid/Ramadan does to Muslim people, and Hanukkah does to Jewish people. • Because there are many regions in India, there are many different versions of the Diwali festival. • The celebration of Diwali is often accompanied by the exchange of sweets and the explosion of fireworks. • As with other Indian festivals, Diwali signifies many different things to people across the country.
FIVE DAYS OF FESTIVITIES The first day is called DhanTheras. People buy jewellery and worship it to God.
The second day is called Narka Chaturdashi. It marks the death of the tyrant king “Narakusara” who imprisoned many sons and daughters of the Gods.
The third day is the most important day called Lakshmi-Puja. Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of good luck, wealth and fortune, is worshiped. Those who have a business do the Puja in office as it is considered lucky and auspicious.
Lakshmi Pooja • *The Goddess Lakshmi is • thanked for all that she has • given in the year gone by. This is • a religious ritual. • *For people with their own businesses, • doing a puja in the office is a must • as it is considered lucky. • *After puja, friends and relatives • visit to give presents. • *In the evening, families gather • together, do puja and to celebrate.
The fourth day is called Padwa. It is looked as the most successful time to start any venture.
The fifth day is called Bhaiya Dooj. Sisters put a sacred mark on their brothers’ foreheads and prays for long life and prosperity. The brothers give their sisters money and presents in return.
Pop Quiz & Video • http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/places/countries-places/india/diwali-lights-festival/ What religion celebrates Diwali? How long is Diwali? What is another symbol of Diwali? Why is Diwali celebrated? (What is remembered?) What is one of the most important symbols of Diwali?