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Agenda 12/05/16

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  1. Agenda 12/05/16 • WU: None! • Daily Goal: You should be able to explain how cultural diffusion happens and discuss evidence from Chinese inventions. • Writing Assignment # 2: • On a separate sheet of paper- describe 3 Chinese inventions from your class work activity last week and their influence on the modern world. Write one paragraph for each invention. • Study Guide # 2-2 due 12-14 • HW:CW# 2-11 & CW # 2-12 due tomorrow. HW# 2-2 due Wednesday! Quiz # 2-2 Tuesday, December 13th. Study Guide # 2-2 due 12-14! Semester Exam on December 15th!

  2. Agenda 12/06/16 • WU:The Ancient Trade route that linked China to the Mediterranean region was known as what? • Daily Goal: You should be able to evaluate whether peers communicated how the Nile shaped Ancient Egypt. • Go over CW # 2-11 & CW# 2-12 • Grade DBQ Essays • HW: HW# 2-2 due tomorrow! Quiz # 2-2 on 12-13! Study Guide # 2-2 is due 12-14! Semester Exam is on Thursday, December 15th!

  3. Agenda 12/06/16 • WU:It was known as the Silk Road. • Daily Goal: You should be able to evaluate whether peers communicated how the Nile shaped Ancient Egypt. • Go over CW # 2-11 & CW# 2-12 • Grade DBQ Essays • HW: HW# 2-2 due tomorrow! Quiz # 2-2 on 12-13! Study Guide # 2-2 is due 12-14! Semester Exam is on Thursday, December 15th!

  4. Agenda 12/07/16 • WU:Besides silk what were some of the goods traded along the Silk Road? • Daily Goal: You should be able to evaluate whether peers communicated how the Nile shaped Ancient Egypt. • Grade HW# 2-2 • Grade DBQ Essays • Study Guide # 2-2 • HW: Quiz # 2-2 on 12-13! Study Guide # 2-2 is due 12-14! Semester Exam is on Thursday, December 15th!

  5. Agenda 12/07/16 Wool Glassware Porcelain Frankincense • WU: Besides silk what were some of the goods traded along the Silk Road? Cotton Horses Gems Spices

  6. Agenda 12/08/16 • WU: Read Lizzie’s Morning • Daily Goal: You should be able to explain how cultural diffusion happens and discuss evidence from Japan stations. • N# 2-7: Exploration, Colonization, & the Colombian Exchange • HW: Quiz # 2-2 on 12-13! Study Guide # 2-2 is due 12-14! Semester Exam is on Thursday, December 15th!

  7. Preview • What do you think motivates the United States to explore space today? Include two or three possible motives. • Should the United States spend more or less money on the exploration of space? Give reasons for your answer.

  8. What is exploration? • anactorinstanceofexploring or investigating; examination. • the investigation of unknown regions.

  9. What is Colonization? • to establish a colony or to settle in an area to live; • What is a Colony? • a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation. • the country or district settled or colonized

  10. What is Imperialism? • Imperialismis the practice of one country controlling the government and economy of another country or territory.

  11. Why would people want to explore and colonize?

  12. Natural Resources Expand Trade Spread Christianity & Ideas Reasons for European Exploration and Colonization Expand territory & power Explore the World due to new technologies

  13. Graphic Organizer-Use this to take notes on! Causes and Effects of European Exploration

  14. Causes of European Exploration# 1-Increase Trade (new markets, natural resources, & trade routes) • As a result of the Crusades, the Europeans developed a taste for spicesand other luxury goods from Asia. • Muslim traders carried these goods to the eastern Mediterranean, where they sold them to Venetian merchants who then brought them to Europe. • The goods were very expensive since various middlemen involved all made a profit. • European countries wanted to establish direct sea routes to Asia so they could reduce costs and gain better access to Asian goods.

  15. Causes of European Exploration# 2-Increase Political and Military Power (new lands & wealth) • Increased trade and commerce would help European states accumulate wealth and pay for larger, more powerful armies. • Exploration offered European states the chance to form overseas empires, thus adding to their wealth and power.

  16. Causes of European Exploration# 3-New Ideas • European rulers, supported by the Catholic Church, wanted to spread their religious beliefs and win converts to Christianity. • Europeans wanted to learn more about the world. The ideals of the Renaissance helped inspire their thirst for knowledge.

  17. Causes of European Exploration #4 New Technology • Magnetic Compass • Advancements in mapmaking • Caravels-new light, seaworthy ships

  18. Effects of European Exploration#1 Colonization & Imperialism of the Americas • European countries created large empires by claiming lands in the America’s. • They destroyed great civilizations whose root went back thousands of years. • Many people migrated from Europe to the New World.

  19. Effects of European Exploration#2 Columbian Exchange • What is the Columbian Exchange? • It is the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. • It had a major impact on the world’s cultures and environment.

  20. Think about it…Without the Columbian Exchange- • The America’s would not have had grains like wheat, rice, and oats. • The Americas would not have had onions, bananas, grapes, coffee, or citrus fruits. • The Americas would not have had livestock like horses, cattle, pigs and sheep. • Europe would not have had foods such as potatoes, corn, beans, tomatoes, peppers, peanuts, squash, and chocolate. • Potatoes and corn helped Europeans eat better and live longer. As a result their population increased.

  21. Think about it…Because of the Columbian Exchange- • Manioc, a root crop native to Brazil, thrives in the poor soils of Africa and nourishes millions of Africans. • Sweet potatoes and chili peppers become staple foods across Africa and Asia. • More than 1/3 rd of the crops grown in China today come from the America’s.

  22. Think about it…Because of the Columbian Exchange… • Clover, spinach, mint and artichoke from the Old Word (Europe, Africa, and Asia) choke out native species in the New World (America’s) • Rats brought over on European ships became a plague across the America’s.

  23. The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of diseases, ideas, food crops, and populations between the New World and the Old World following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492.

  24. Other diseases

  25. Agenda 12/09/16 • WU:Martin Luther- Reformation • Daily Goal: You should be able to explain how cultural diffusion happens and discuss evidence from the period of exploration and the Columbian Exchange. • N# 2-7: Exploration, Colonization, & the Columbian Exchange • HW: Quiz # 2-2 on 12-13! Study Guide # 2-2 is due 12-14! Semester Exam is on Thursday, December 15th!

  26. Effects of Exploration#3 Global Economy • The world became more connected. • Economic activity increased as expanded global networks opened up new channels of trade and commerce. • The world trade system doubled in size during this period.

  27. Effects of Exploration#4 Death, Disease, and Slavery

  28. Death, Disease, and Slavery • Native Americans have no immunity to diseases (smallpox, measles, influenza, etc.) that people of Europe and Asia had been contracting for thousands of years so they begin dying in horrifying numbers. • By the 1800’s more than ten million slaves had been shipped to the Americas to support the plantation economy. Around one in six died en route. • Millions of Africans were uprooted and African societies were torn apart. • The slave trade introduces guns to many parts of Africa.

  29. Using your notes complete the T-Chart

  30. Positive and Negative Effects of European Exploration Native Americans Europeans Positive Effects Resources New Territory New Wealth Negative Disease More territory to govern defend Led to conflict with other European nations and native populations • Positive Effects: • Gained technology • New Religion • New Ideas • Negative • Enslavement • Disease • Forced Religious conversion

  31. Spanish Exploration of the New World

  32. Who was Christopher Columbus?1451-1506 • An Italian Explorer • Leader of expedition funded by Spain’s Queen Isabella • In 1492 discovered The Bahamas in the Caribbean • His voyage opened the door to European Exploration of the Americas

  33. Who was Amerigo Vespucci?1451-1512 • An Italian Explorer • During a voyage funded by Spain he became the First European to explore the mouth of the Amazon River • His name was given to North and South America because many consider him the first to recognize that the Americas were not part of Asia. • Died of Malaria in 1512

  34. Who was Ferdinand Magellan?1480-1521 • A Portuguese Explorer • Voyage funded by Spain • In 1519, Magellan led the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe • Out of a crew more than 200, only 18 survived the trip. Magellan was killed in 1521 during a battle in the Philippines. • On September 6, 1522, almost three years from the day it began its historic journey, the Victoria and 18 crew members, arrived in Spain. It was the first vessel to circumnavigate the globe.

  35. Who was Prince Henry the Navigator?1394-1460 • 3rd son of Portugal’s King John I • Nicknamed the “Navigator” • Founded a School of Navigation • Prince Henry’s school produced mapmakers, new navigational instruments, and a new ship called the Caravel • Responsible for the beginning of the European worldwide explorations • Although he never sailed on the expeditions he sponsored voyages to explore the Western coast of Africa. Caravel