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Step up to Writing

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  1. Step up to Writing Training Workshop Jennifer Nehl Innovative Education Solutions

  2. Step Up to Writing is About: • Direct Instruction • Guided Practice • Opportunities for Independent Practice • If you expect it, you must teach it! • (1.2)

  3. Step Up to Writing Is About the Writing Process • Prewriting and Planning • Drafting, Revising, and Editing • Creating a Final Copy, Proofreading, and Sharing • (1.6)

  4. Step Up to Writing is About Promoting the Traits of Good Writing • Content • Organization • Style • Idea • Vocabulary • Sentence Structure • Conventions • Presentation • (1.6-1.7)

  5. Step Up to Writing is About Common Expectations • Common Language • Same terminology • Builds on instruction • Common high expectations • Quality writing required in all classes • Cross curricular transference

  6. The keys to an effective paragraph: Expository paragraphs need: • A title • A topic sentence • Transitions • Good explanations and examples • A conclusion

  7. Let’s say we will be writing about gangs. • What can we do to get ideas for our paragraph?

  8. Mom Yikes! Gang Movies Bunch of People Cause Problems Gangs Bad Gang Songs What if my friends joined? Stay Away I wouldn’t join

  9. Gangs are just a bunch of people with nothing better to do. Gangs cause problems. I would not join a gang. Well, maybe if I was with my friends but probably not. My mom is against gangs. The movies are filled with gangs and there are a lot of songs about gangs. Stay away from gangs they are bad for you.

  10. Mom Yikes! Gang Movies Bunch of People Cause Problems Gangs Bad Gang Songs What if my friends joined? Stay Away I wouldn’t join

  11. What’s missing? ORGANIZATION Refer to (1-8,11,12)

  12. The keys to an effective paragraph: Expository paragraphs need: • A title • A topic sentence • Transitions • Good explanations and examples • A conclusion

  13. The Five Elements of Expository Writing • Organization is the key. • Topic sentences and thesis statements are the heart. • Transitions are the glue. • Examples, evidence, and explanations are the meat. • Conclusions tie it all together.

  14. Great Expository Paragraphs Organization is the key.

  15. Using Colors to Teach Organization Go! Write a topic sentence Slow Down Give a reason, detail, or fact. Use a transition. Stop! Explain. Give an example. Go Back! Remind the reader of your topic. 2.11

  16. Topic Sentence: • Green means “go.” • Green asks the writer to decide— • “What am I going to prove?” (reason) • “What am I going to explain?” (detail) • “What information will I share?” (fact)

  17. Reasons/Details/Facts: • Yellow means “slow down.” • Introduce key concepts to support the topic sentence. • The main supporting ideas (reasons, details or facts) for the topic sentence. • Look for common patterns or categories in the brainstorming. 2.11

  18. Explain: • Red means “stop and explain.” • Present evidence. • Provide explanation and examples. 2.11

  19. Conclusion: • Green means “go back to your topic.” • Restate the topic and the position. • Do not introduce new information. • Use synonyms and leave your reader with something to remember. 2.11

  20. ACTIVITY ONE Cats…

  21. Informal Outlines Topic=Cats can protect themselves. R/D/F (First) Can get away from their enemies R/D/F (Next) Good fighters Run fast Climb trees Sharp claws Sharp incisors 1-18 a,b,c

  22. Brainstorm: Ways cats protect themselves Ways cats protect themselves

  23. ACTIVITY 2Practice Categorizing • To get students to select the yellows, they must be able to look at the exmaples (reds) and pick categories that the reds will fit into. • Practice categorizing “games.”

  24. Activity 3 Informal Outline • Create an informal outline of your ideas using “cave man talk.”

  25. Accordion Paragraph Increase paragraph length by adding more supporting main ideas and/or details. • Eight Sentence Paragraph • Nine Sentence Paragraph • Eleven Paragraph

  26. TOPIC REASON/DETAIL/FACT EXPLAIN EXPLAIN 1-24

  27. REASON/DETAIL/FACT EXPLAIN EXPLAIN CONCLUSION

  28. TOPIC Cats protect themselves in two ways. REASON/DETAIL/FACT First, they are able to get away quickly from their enemies. EXPLAIN Cat are fast runners. EXPLAIN They can climb trees, too. 2.8

  29. REASON/DETAIL/FACT Next, cats are good fighters. EXPLAIN Cats’ sharp claws can inflict pain and discourage attackers. EXPLAIN They can also use their pointed incisors to bite their enemies when necessary. CONCLUSION Felines can take care of themselves. 2.8

  30. Other Kinds of Outlines:Decimal • Topic=________________ 1.0____________________ 1.1___________________ 1.1.1________________ 1.1.2_______________ 1.2___________________ 1.2.1________________ 1.2.2________________

  31. Other Kinds of Outlines:Shapes Topic=____________________ • _______________________ • _______________________

  32. Other Kinds of Outlines:Numbers Topic=_____________________ 1_________________________ 2_______________________ 3_____________________ 3_____________________ 2_______________________ 3____________________ 3____________________

  33. Other Kinds of Outlines:Letters Topic=____________________ R (reason)_________________ e (explain)_______________ e ______________________ R (reason)_________________ e (explain)________________ e ______________________

  34. Other Kinds of Outlines:Traditional Formal Topic = _____________________ I.__________________________ A._______________________ 1._____________________ 2._____________________ a. _________________ b. _________________ B.

  35. Informal Outlines Topic=Fun ways to spend a million dollars 2.9-2.13

  36. Informal Outlines Topic=Fun ways to spend a million dollars Shopping Travel 2.9-2.13

  37. Informal Outlines Topic=Fun ways to spend a million dollars Shopping Travel New wardrobe, Nordstroms Paris 2.9-2.13

  38. Activity 5Write on colored strips Write each sentence from the outline on the corresponding colored strip. Green= topic and conclusion Yellow= main supporting ideas (R/D/F) Red= examples, explanations, evidence

  39. Outline to Paragraph If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it.

  40. Outline to Paragraph If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it. First, I would go shopping.

  41. Outline to Paragraph If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it. First, I would go shopping. A new wardrobe from Nordstroms is a must.

  42. Outline to Paragraph If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it. First, I would go shopping. A new wardrobe from Nordstroms is a must. Next, I would travel.

  43. Outline to Paragraph If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it. First, I would go shopping. A new wardrobe from Nordstrom is a must. Next, I would travel. Visiting Paris has always been a dream.

  44. Outline to Paragraph If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it. First, I would go shopping. A new wardrobe from Nordstrom is a must. Next, I would travel. Visiting Paris has always been a dream. Being wealthy would clearly provide many interesting benefits.

  45. Fun Being Rich If I had a million dollars, I would have a good time spending it. First, I would go shopping.A new wardrobe from Nordstroms is a must. Next, I would travel. Visiting Paris has always been a dream. Being wealthy would clearly provide many interesting benefits.

  46. Reasons Outline Topic=Reasons for Learning to Swim Safety reasons Social reasons Help yourself Save others Parties Vacations Summertime 2.15

  47. Details Outline Topic=The Wedding Beautiful Bride Clever table decorations Wonderful food Simple and elegant Cages with birds Ethnic 2.15

  48. Facts Outline Topic=Mountain Ranges Andes Mountains Rocky Mountains 4,500 miles In South America Longest mountain chain Height 10,000 ft. 3,000 miles Mexico to Alaska Made by volcanic activity 2.15

  49. Fold paper: hotdog then hamburger fold = 4 parts • Create an informal outline of your own for the following ideas. • Remember, write quickly in “cave man talk.” • Topic= in green • Main ideas Reasons/Details/Facts= yellow • Examples/explanations/evidence= red

  50. Reasons Outline Topic=2 reasons to send students to our school Reason Reason