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  1. VERTICAL GARDEN&INTERIOR LANDSCAPING Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ozlem Olgac Turker Naghmeh Pournayeb ST.N: 125332 INAR 569 Sustainability in Interior Design Fall semester 2013_2014

  2. Introduction: What is interior landscaping? • Interior landscaping is the practice of designing, arranging, and caring for living plants in enclosed environments. Planterra calls this 'interior landscaping' even though land is not literally being reshaped. 'Interior landscaping' is an appropriate term because indoor environments contain plains, angles, and horizons that are softened, accentuated or altered by the addition of plants and planters-thus landscaping the interior. Similar to outdoor landscapes, interior landscapes provide spaces with ornament, color, sculptural elements, focal points, and an overall pleasant environment. What is Vertical Garden? • Before we dig into the vertical farming, it is important to note that at this point, it isn't just unavailability of land that's inspiring research in vertical farming. Farming in itself, and more notably commercial farming, is not a very environmentally-friendly activity. For starters, farming involves consumption of freshwater for irrigation and the water thus used, is unfit for human consumption due to its interaction with fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, commercial farming involves the use of fossil fuels (diesel and gasoline), which naturally result in polluting emissions.

  3. CASE STUDIES: 1. SINGAPORE’S SUPERTREE GROVE IS A CONTEMPORARY VERTICAL GARDEN 2. WOHA Architects’ impressive Park Royal Tower in Singapore 3. School of the Arts by WOHA 4. Green Healthy School of Gen 7 Portable School 5. Lego Greenhouse by Sebastian Bergne 6. Green Vertical Jungle in A Store


  5. Singapore is home to exquisite architecture that incorporates greenery everywhere you look. The Super tree Grove in the recently redeveloped Marina Bay area is open daily from 5am to 2am, with a gorgeous restaurant atop the largest tree for patrons to take in the amazing views, which can also be seen from the various hotels around. The metal-framed ‘tree’ structures are vertical gardens, with a total of 18, each ranging in height from 82 to 164 feet tall. They all harvest solar energy and have concrete cores along with a canopy and living skin panels.

  6. The Federal Twist garden is a man-made glade in the woods – we cut down many trees to make it – hemmed in on all sides by tall trees. It looks appropriate to the place, as a glade looks appropriate in a forest . These are some of the ‘supertrees’ – a grove of metal and concrete ‘trees’ between 30 & 50m high that dominate the park’s skyline (& put on a fine show at night, when they contribute to the light show along the downtown waterfront). They’re living gardens, clothed in vertical gardens & with a sky-walk running among them. At the top of each ‘tree’ is a bank of solar panels, harvesting sunlight to power the park’s systems; they also include a system to collect and distribute rainwater, & in addition act as exhaust and cooling systems for the huge domed conservatories nearby. The free nightly light and sound display illuminates 18 150-foot-tall “supertrees” adorned with 163,000 plants of more than 200 species of bromeliads, orchids, ferns, and tropical climbing flowers. The vertical forest is part of a multimillion-dollar project called Gardens by the Bay and opened to the public on June 29.

  7. 2. WOHA Architects’ PARKROYAL on Pickering Hotel - Singapore

  8. WOHA Architects are completely changing how skyscrapers are built with their Park Royal Tower in Singapore, which will feature twice as much greenery as the nearby Hong Lim Park. The high-end office and hotel tower features a podium absolutely overrun with vertical gardens, contoured green pathways, water features, and leafy terraces. When it is completed later this year, this ground breaking project will boast a whopping 15,000 square meters of green space! • WOHA is a Singapore-based architecture practice, founded in 1994 by Wong MunSumm and Richard Hassell. In 1989, Wong graduated from the National University of Singapore and Hassell graduated from the University of Western Australia. • WOHA Architects are completely changing how skyscrapers are built with their Park Royal Tower in Singapore, which will feature twice as much greenery as the nearby Hong Lim Park. The high-end office and hotel tower features a podium absolutely overrun with vertical gardens, contoured green pathways, water features, and leafy terraces.

  9. The contoured facade is planted with shade trees, palms, overhanging creepers and a variety of other plant species that not only disguise the above ground parking lot but also scrub the air clean of any emissions produced there. This isn’t a skyscraper. This is a jungle in the sky that just happens to accommodate business travelers and office workers. Park Royal’s leafy podium on Pickering is designed to be a vertical extension of the Hong Lim Park right across the way and at 15,000 square meters of natural features, is twice as large!

  10. 3. School of the Arts by WOHA

  11. This project is a specialist high school for the visual and performing arts. The school is located in the heart of Singapore’s Civic district, at the gateway to the Arts and Entertainment district. The school combines a high-density, inner-city school with a professional performing arts venue. The design is a new paradigm, a large, dense, perforated urban object that achieves natural light and ventilation to all areas, despite its deep dimensions. • The design strategy creates two visually connected horizontal strata, a space for public communication below, and a space for safe, controlled interaction above. This strategy solves the twin objectives of porosity and communication with the public and wider arts community on the one hand, and a secure and safe learning environment on the other. The two parts are called the Backdrop and the Blank Canvas.

  12. The Blank Canvas is the secured school area, and is a simple, flexible space. The metaphor suggests the open possibilities and focus on the educational content rather than the architectural frame. Three long rectangular blocks have a secured point of access yet are visually connected from all the circulation spaces, to the public areas below. This environment is simple, practical, bright, airy and is designed for maximum flexibility and sustainability. Classrooms, studios and circulation are all naturally ventilated, with dynamic visual and physical links between blocks. The green façades are environmental filters, cutting out glare and dust, keeping the rooms cool, and in combination with the acoustic ceilings, absorb traffic noise.

  13. 4. Google Tel Aviv by Camenzind Evaluation

  14. Google's new Tel Aviv headquarters include a meeting area filled with orange trees, workstations on a make-believe beach and slides connecting different floors. • Some of the corridors appear as narrow cobbled streets, complete with arched windows and flower boxes, while the reception area is an undulating timber landscape reminiscent of the public spaces at Tel Aviv's port. • Other unusual spaces include a meeting area surrounded by climbing plants, rooms resembling converted warehouses and space modelled on a desert landscape.

  15. Other unusual spaces include a meeting area surrounded by climbing plants, rooms resembling converted warehouses and space modelled on a desert landscape.

  16. 5. Plant-filled amphitheatre proposed for the High Line’s final stretch

  17. New York's High Line park will feature an enclosed amphitheatre filled with plants. • The bowl-shaped structure will create a new north-east gateway to the popular park - created across an abandoned elevated railway by architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro, landscape architects James Corner Field Operations and planting designer Piet Oudolf - and will form part of a new stretch wrapping around New York's old freight train yards. • Tiered seating will line the perimeter of the bowl, surrounded by woodland grasses, ferns and perennials. Snake bark maple and black tupelo trees will be planted around the edges, while sliced openings will offer views out towards the Hudson River. Public toilets will also be included.

  18. In this movie designer Stephen Burks takes us to the High Line and explains how the elevated park is helping to transform the surrounding areas of the city.

  19. 6. Green Vertical Jungle in A Store

  20. Replay, Barcelona boutique store, is a green jungle of bushy ferns and begonias around displayed products. Landscape architects Vertical Garden Design created this interior vertical garden and a second green wall facing a rear courtyard. • The interior of this store was redesigned by an Italian architects Studio 10.  Whimsical looking mannequins and giant spiders occupy the vitrine, in front of the green wall.

  21. This difference in sun exposure makes it possible to have more typical mediterranean plants at the top part of the wall – such as Lavandula, Rosmarinus and Artemisia – and more shadow preferring plants like Chlorophytum and Fatsia in the lower part. The main idea in designing this store was to create a contrast between rough weathered metal and bright green, tender plants. Plants on the exterior green wall infill the spaces between weathered metal tiles, which brings out the industrial urban look. Partially shadowed by surrounding buildings, the southwest facing wall has the upper area well exposed to the hot mediterranean sun, and the lower part is mostly in shadow.

  22. CONCLUSION: Everything Grows takes pride in helping you make your work environment healthier, less stressful and more productive. Our human nature wants to connect with the outdoors. Research indicates that interior landscaping is not only desirable but an indispensable method for healthy and happy. Green spaces and nature is not only makes the link between human and architecture with environmental, also enhance human health and a healthy environment and so beautiful full of energy respectively.