What is the Curriculum/Program Development Process?What leadership will you offer? How does it work in your organization? Share with your group…..
School Board Citizens’ Curriculum Advisory Council Glatthorn’s Model Superintendent Curriculum Planning Council Principals Task Forces School Curriculum Council Curriculum Writers Instructional Planning Teams
Organizational components (1-15) needed to accomplish effective curriculum work : • District org structure for central curriculum planning • District org structure for developing curriculum • District org structure for citizen input • District long-term plan for developing curriculum • District requires groups developing curriculum to submit specific plans for accomplishing this task (Are plans monitored?) • Written Board policies delineating its role in curriculum development • District written curriculum goals • District written vision of excellence for curriculum Do you have these components?
Written, systematic district process for developing and evaluating curriculum • Systematic district process for aligning instruction with written curriculum, texts and assessments • Systematic district process for monitoring the curriculum • Systematic district process for implementing the curriculum • Each school has its own goals, vision and written program of studies • Classroom teachers develop yearly plans, courses of study and integrated units • District audit assesses the quality of the delivered curriculum
Who could/should/might be involved in the curriculum planning process? • Citizens’ Curriculum Advisory Council • Curriculum Planning Council • Curriculum Task Forces • Curriculum Writers • School Curriculum Council • Instructional Planning Teams What about me?
Who’s Involved? What do they do?Citizens’ Curriculum Advisory Council • Superintendent and assistant superintendent for curriculum AND members appointed by the Board with input from school administrators • Council acts in an advisory capacity to School Board • Advise Board on curriculum policy • Foster communication by meeting with individuals and community groups concerned about the curriculum • Hold hearings on controversial curriculum issues, communicate recommendations to Board • Confer with Curriculum Planning Council and individual Task Forces to share community beliefs and opinions about curriculum issues
Who’s Involved? What do they do?Curriculum Planning Council • Central Office staff, school administrators, professional support staff, teachers (selection based on knowledge of district, ability to plan, knowledge of current curriculum practices, credibility with colleagues • Organize Planning Council, set schedule, choose leadership, determine how decisions will be made • Provide leadership in identifying educational goals and developing a vision of curriculum excellence • Explicate the district’s curriculum guide development process • Develop and submit budget recommendations for curriculum work • Arrange for necessary leadership training and staff development
Identify a standard format for the curriculum guides • Identify and implement curriculum evaluation processes • Develop processes and materials to ensure the curriculum is effectively implemented • Conduct a needs assessment to identify priorities for developing curriculum guides and related materials • Appoint and provide training for Task Forces that will develop the actual curriculum guides • Monitor the work of Task Forces Curriculum Planning Council continued…
Who’s Involved? What do they do?Curriculum Task Forces • One principal from each level of schooling, a central office supervisor, several teachers Select people based on: • Knowledge of the subject area for which they are responsible • Ability to produce work on schedule • Knowledge of the district’s curriculum development processes • Influence with classroom teachers They develop the new curriculum(but not necessarily all alone)
Who’s Involved? What do they do?Curriculum Writers • They assist the Curriculum Task Force with writing the curriculum Select members based on • Knowledge of the subject • Ability to write clearly and effectively
Who’s Involved? What do they do?School Curriculum Council • School administrators and teacher leaders • Makes the major decision concerning school-based curriculum development • Provide leadership in program restructuring and development tasks • Develop guidelines for Instructional Planning Teams
Who’s Involved? What do they do?Instructional Planning Teams • Teachers in schools who work together to implement the curriculum • Their tasks include development of: • Yearly plans based on the curriculum guide • Units of study derived from the guide and yearly plans • Materials to individualize the curriculum • Materials to be used in the classroom
Curriculum Development Cycle • Planning -- appoint Task Forces, develop knowledge base, orient teachers, develop Hallmarks of Excellence, collect data and input from teachers • Production --manufacture materials including scope and sequence charts, developing guides, creating materials to support guides • Piloting -- partial implementation • Implementation -- full implementation
Leading the Curriculum/Program Development Process What type of leader are you?
What are your beliefs in people?McGregor’s Theory X - Theory Y Are people generally capable? Can they be trusted to do a good job? Will they want to do a good job? Are they capable of doing a good job? How much supervision and oversight do people require?
How do you run meetings?(concern for people or task)Blake and Mouton Managerial Grid 9 1,9 country club 9,9 team People 5,5 middle-of-the-road 1,1 impoverished 9,1 produce or perish 0 9 Task
Principles of CollaborationDavid StrausHow to Make Collaboration Work • Stakeholder involvement • Consensus building • Process design • Facilitation • Group memory
Stakeholders • What are they? • Why are they important? • How do you identify them? • How do you involve them? • What should be their roles/responsibilities? • What are the consequences for non-involvement?
StakeholdersWho should you involve? • Those with formal power to make a decision • Those with power to block a decision • Those affected by the decision • Those with relevant information or expertise
How do you build consensus?Phase by phase!! All must be in the same phase, at the same time, if the process is to work • Perception • Definition • Analysis • Generation of Alternatives • Evaluation • Decision Making Problem space Solution space
Attend to Process DesignPathways to Action Model Vision space Process Design space Solution space Implementation space Problem space Agenda Planning You can only be in only one space at a time Figure out your desired outcomes/what you want to achieve in the meeting
Facilitation: Meeting Roles & Responsibilities Interaction Method -- Shared Responsibility Everyone in the meeting shares responsibility for making sure that everyone stays in role, thereby ensuring individuals don’t overstep their function and manipulate the group. • Facilitator • Recorder • Manager/chairperson • participant
Group Memory • We can only remember so much (7-10 items, give or take a couple). By using a paper to record group memory, we can see what we have said and then move on.
What is the Curriculum/Program Development Process?What leadership will you offer? Write this in your Curriculum at a Glance booklet….