Civil Rights Causes, effects, solutions, consequences Bull Connor and the Civil Rights Movement - Alabama
Medger Evers Malcolm X Rosa Parks Russell Means - AIM Dolores Huerta - UFW Gloria Steinem Martin Luther King, Jr. Cesar Chavez - UFW
What is/are Civil Rights? Civil Rights Movement Civil Rights • Rights to personal liberty especially as applied to an individual or a minority group, for example, blacks. • Movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens
Are Civil Rights STILL Being Violated?? • JENA 6: • Six black boys from Louisiana charged with attempted second-degree murder for the beating of a white boy. • 3 months before, a black boy sat under a tree white students thought was “theirs.” • 3 nooses were hung by white students on that tree – these students were suspended for 3 days because the school board thought it was a “youthful prank.” • The white student beaten was NOT involved with the noose incident. • It is believed he was blindsided by the boys who jumped him. • The white student was treated at the hospital and released; he was later seen at a social function with a group of friends. • Called “attempted second-degree murder” because one of the boys allegedly stomped him while wearing sneakers (a “lethal weapon”). • When did this occur? • 2007!!
JENA 6 • President: George W Bush • Jena, LA – Pop; 3000.10% black. • 5 boys pleaded “no contest” – did not admit to doing anything wrong. • All boys admitted the white boy did NOT provoke attack • Mychal Bell – charged as an adult but was later re-tried as a juvenile. Sentenced to 18 months in a juvenile detention facility. • Bell tried to commit suicide by shooting himself.
Civil Rights Bookwork Use a blank piece of paper to answer all required questions. Be sure to put your name on the paper – you will turn paper in when you finish everything. Read pages 874-879. Take notes on all RED sections, paying close attention to the subsections in BLUE. Make a note of all vocabulary terms – look for terms in blue or black. Use the box on page 874 to guide you. **You will be given additional terms.** Answer “Making Inferences” on page 875. Answer all Checkpoints (pages 875, 876, 877, 879). Page 879: Answer # 1, 2 and 3 under “Check Your Progress.”
Vocabulary Terms Discrimination: Treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit. Freedom Riders: a bus trip made to parts of the southern U.S. by persons engaging in efforts to integrate racially segregated public facilities. Disenfranchised: People deprived of legal rights. Assimilate: To join a current culture or ideal.
Vocabulary Terms Activism: a policy of taking direct and often militant action to achieve an end, esp. a political or social one. Fairness:Free from bias or injustice; Being fair. Jim Crow Laws: Laws enacted in the South to separate the Blacks from the whites. These laws were generally unfair to the Blacks. Infringe: To violate.
Vocabulary Terms Integrate: To be open to all races. Black Code: Laws designed to limit former slaves in the South. Grass roots: Ordinary people who come together for a cause. Sit-in: A protest in which you don’t leave until demands are met.
Important Civil Rights Movement Groups NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: Created in 1909. Brought attention to all discrimination against African Americans. SCLC: Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Created in 1956. Headed by Martin Luther King, Jr. Group that helped to end the Montgomery Bus Boycott. SNCC: Student Non-Violent Coordination Committee: Created during the 1960’s to help with desegregation of schools. CORE: Congress of Racial Equality: Created in 1942. Started the policy of non-violence to get information out about racial inequality. Membership was open to ALL who were interested in helping with the fight against inequality.
Important Civil Rights Movement Groups NCAI: National Congress of American Indians. Started in 1944 to highlight and promote rights for American Indians. AIM: American Indian Movement, 1968. Created to demand rights for American Indians on the reservations. NOW: National Organization of Women. Created in 1966 to fight for rights for women. White Knights: One of the most violent arms of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). Participated in bombings, beatings, church burnings and murder. Murdered many of the key members of CORE.
Civil Rights Movement Groups Homework DUE 3/21/14 – 15 points • Research one of the following 5 groups and write a 5-7 sentence research paper. • GROUPS ALLOWED: CORE; SCLC; NAACP; AIM; NOW • Cover the following in your paper: • 1. Date group was created/started • 2. Major aims of the group (what was the group trying to accomplish?) • 3. Major people of the group and the reasons they were interested in that group • 4. Accomplishments of the group • 5. What the group is doing now. If the group is no longer active, what happened to the group. • All English/grammar conventions will be graded!! Use proper spelling, grammar, sentence structure, etc.