WEAPONS QUALIFICATION PALMETTODUNESSECURITY
SAFETY • All firearms are always loaded! • Never allow a firearm to point at anything that you do not want to destroy! • Keep your finger away from the trigger unless you intend to fire! • Be sure of your target and backstop!
FORCE MAY BE USED • When necessary to affect an arrest • When necessary to stop resistance • When necessary to prevent escape
DEADLY FORCE • Self Defense • In Defense of a third person • To prevent the commission of a dangerous felony • To halt a fleeing felon (who is armed and presenting a threat
Deadly Force • Ability • When the Officer has reasonable belief that the suspect has the immediate Ability to take the Officers Life or the life of others • Opportunity • When the Officer has reasonable belief that the suspect has the immediate Opportunity to take the Officers life or the life of others • Jeopardy • When the Officer has reasonable belief that his/her life or the life of others are in immediate Jeopardy • ALL THREE CONDITIONS MUST EXIST
Misdemeanors • Deadly force shall not be used in making a misdemeanor arrest. • The exception is when the misdemeanant commits a felony, and then the rules applicable to felony arrest apply.
Felony vs. Misdemeanor • Felony – Generally more serious offenses punishable by confinement for a period of more than 30 days and/or fines of more than $500.00 or any offense declared to be such by legislative act. • Misdemeanor – Lesser offenses punishable by confinement for no more than 30 days and or fines of $500.00 or less, or any offense declared to be such by legislative act. • Security officers may arrest for offenses that are committed in the Officers Presence or there is evidence that the offense was freshly committed and probable cause exists to believe the subject in question committed the offense
MORAL ISSUES • The Officer will have to deal with his or her decision for the rest of their lives
Probable Cause Any information, from a reliable source, that would make a reasonable person believe that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed. All arrests whether with or without a warrant must be based on probable cause. Probable cause is required for an officer to conduct a lawful search
Firearms Civil Liability • An Officer being a public official, probably heads the list of persons who can easily be sued • Anytime we attempt to make an arrest, the possibility exists where we may be accused of excessive force • Whenever we fire our weapons at a suspect, the question that is always asked is: Was the shooting justified and necessary? Did the bullet hit the intended target or did it strike an innocent victim • Officers must be aware of this liability so that they can better protect themselves in a civil litigation.
Areas of Concern • When a subject is injured by the excessive force of an officer • When an innocent by-stander is injured as a result of the careless aim or ricocheting of an officer’s bullet.
RESULTS OF OFFICER MISCONDUCT (EXCESSIVE FORCE) • Civil charge filed against the Officer • Criminal charges filed against the Officer either by the state or federal governments. (SLED) • Disciplinary action brought against the Officer by Palmetto Dunes Security.
Court Cases (Firearm Liability) • Negligent Use • Accidental Use • Intentional Use
WEAPONS • Only Officers who obtain an Armed Security SLED card are authorized to wear a weapon while on duty • Weapons will be secured in the Officers locker at the end of each shift • If a weapon is found unsecured, immediately notify your supervisor or a lieutenant
Weapons Continued 1 • Only Glock Model 22/23 automatic pistols may be carried by Security Personnel • Only .40 caliber ammunition will be carried in any duty weapon • No modifications will be made to any weapon carried on duty unless specifically approved by the Chief of Security • Shift Supervisors are responsible for inspecting weapons to ensure they are in compliance with policy
3 Weapons Continued 2 • A Palmetto Dunes Officer with arm SLED card in his/her possession, may transport his/her weapon in their personal vehicle in an open and exposed manner, only while in uniform going to and from work. • If you travel to and from work in civilian clothes or stop while in route, the weapon must be locked in the trunk or glove compartment
Weapons Continued 3 • Officers, while armed, will not leave his/her weapon unattended for any reason. • Officers will not load, unload, manipulate or unnecessarily display their firearms unless such action is in the performance of a security function • “Horse Play” with weapons is strictly prohibited. • WARNING SHOTS WILL NEVER BE FIRED!!!!!!!
Weapons Continued 4 • Officers will not exhibit or give their weapons to anyone other than a Security Department Supervisor to inspect, examine, or otherwise handle • All weapons shall remain holstered except as otherwise required in the performance of duty • Officers will not fire their weapons unless conditions of deadly force exist, at the Pistol Range, or animal situation. • Officers will not fire their weapon from a moving vehicle • Officers will not fire their weapon at a moving vehicle
History • Man’s desire for a weapon that would: • Fire rapidly • Hold many rounds • Reload fast
DESIGN, FUNCTION, NOMENCLATURE • More and more Security Departments throughout the state are turning to auto-pistols as their duty weapons. • The term automatic has been deemed acceptable because of its popularity and use over the years. However, the proper term should be semi-automatic because the trigger must be pulled every time a round is to be fired
Initial Development • Single shot barrels were interchangeable • Cylinders were interchangeable • Lever actions like a rifle
Operating Principle • Energy of spent round extracts and ejects cartridge • Cocks the hammer • Chambers a new round
Initial Problems • Shortage of good materials for weapon production • Ammunition was not consistent enough to properly operate weapon
Production • Germany was first country to produce auto-pistol (19th Century) • Consistent ammunition • Trapped gases were used to operate weapon
Further Development • Germans developed recoil-operated weapon (most common today)
First Successful Production • John Browning, American Gun Manufacturer • Production was in Belgium because Americans favored revolver • Recoil operated – simple blowback • Forerunner for Colt .45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol), 1911
Autos Became Popular Because • Same reasons it was developed: • Rapid Shooting • More Rounds • Military’s choice to use it • Other Countries using it • Most all weapons manufacturers were making them
Operating Principle • Residual energy of spent cartridge cocks and reloads weapon • When round is fired, energy causes: • Slide to recoil • Spent cartridge is extracted and ejected • Recoil spring fully compresses • Hammer is cocked by slide moving to the rear • Spring is released, pushing slide back forward • New round is loaded from magazine as slide closes
4 Types of Auto Pistols • Single Action – All rounds fired single action • Double Action – First round fired double action, each succeeding round fired single action • Full Double Action – Each trigger pull double action • Safe Action – Glock.
Glock, Safe Action • The "safe action" is a special double action only or “Full Double Action” system which Gaston Glock developed to be used in the vast majority of his pistols. • The action is very similar to the quick action used by Walther and other pistol manufacturers. The system consists of one external and two internal safeties which use a striker-engaged firing pin, rather than the more traditional hammer-engaged. It uses additional precautions to prevent the firing pin from moving or being struck if the firearm were to be dropped or shaken. It is specifically designed so that the firearm will only fire when the trigger is pulled. The three safeties are: • Trigger Safety: An external lever mechanism contained within the trigger that prevents the trigger from moving unless the lever is depressed. • Striker Safety: A spring-loaded pin attached by an extension bar to the trigger assembly blocks the striker from striking the primer of the cartridge until the trigger is pulled. • Drop Safety: The far end of the same extension bar locks the striker into place from the rear until the trigger is pulled.
Glock 22 • Glock is an Austrian weapons manufacturer (named after the founder Gaston Glock) founded in 1963 in Deutsch-Wagram, near Vienna, Austria.
GLOCK 22 The U.S. Law Enforcement Pistol The .40 caliber introduced at the 1990 S.H.O.T. Show closes the gap between the heavy .45 charges and the internationally proven 9 x 19mm service calibers. GLOCK was the first manufacturer to make the advantages of this balanced caliber accessible to law enforcement agencies in a perfect pistol. Today, countless police units in the United States and throughout the world put their trust in the 15-round GLOCK 22.
GLOCKKeep It Simple Silly (K.I.S.S.) • 3 (Three) Main Parts • 1 - The Slide Assembly • 2 - The Receiver • 3 - The Magazine
Frame • Main Part of weapon, High impact resistant polymer
Magazine • Holds ammunition located in butt of weapon
Magazine Release • Push button on frame • Drops empty magazine • Secures loaded magazine
Safety • Has no manual Safety • Has 3 internal safety devices, which disengage and automatically re-engage again by removing the finger from the trigger
Trigger Safety • Eliminated the possibility of accidentally firing unless the trigger safety is fully depressed
Firing Pin Safety • Positively blocks the firing pin from moving forward unless the trigger pull is completely to the rear
Drop Safety • Prevents accidental discharge if dropped
Striker • Internal • Weapon cocked when slide rides over the Striker
Trigger • Inside Trigger Guard
Trigger Guard • Protects against accidental fall of Trigger