When do we use in-text citations? You MUST cite ANY fact that comes from a source (paraphrased OR quoted) using an in-text citation.
Where do we use in-text citations? In-text citations appear AFTER the fact and BEFORE the end punctuation. Your next sentence begins AFTER the end punctuation, as it normally would.
HINT: The correct format for the citation is on the bottom of your notecards. • HINT: Each fact recorded on your graphic organizer should also have a properly written citation. Specific Requirements
Example for a quote: “[A]udiences were stunned and shaken by something new in American theater” (Gianoulis 1). Note the placement of the end punctuation and quotation marks.
Example for part of a quote: “[A]udiences were stunned and shaken…” (Gianoulis 1). Note the use of the ellipses.
Example for paraphrased information: The Broadway musical was forever changed by this innovative and ground-breaking show (“West Side Story”). Note the lack of quotation marks surrounding the information from research.
Example for a fact from a source with more than one author (paraphrased): Jackson Pollock’s art work gained respect and admiration after his death (Payne and Terr 3).
Example for a fact from a book source with no author’s name given: Many audience members attended the show multiple times within a short period of time (American Decades). Italics in paper Regular font in graphic organizer