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Viral Meningitis!!

Viral Meningitis!!

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Viral Meningitis!!

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  1. Viral Meningitis!! By: Andrea Miller

  2. Background Inflammation of membranes (meninges) and cerebrospinal fluids

  3. Viral meningitis • Milder than bacterial • Usually clears on own within 2 weeks

  4. Causes • Nonpolio-enteroviruses cause 90% of viral meningitis • Arboviruses  accounts for 5%

  5. Enteroviruses • Second most common • Single positive stranded RNA

  6. Symptoms • Fever • Headache • Confusion • Seizures • Sleepiness • Stiff neck • Sensitivity to light • Lack of interest in eating or drinking • Skin rash

  7. Frequency • More than 10,000 cases annually • Underreported

  8. Transmittance • Fecal-oral route • Infected respiratory secretions

  9. Treatment • Pain medication for headaches • Rest • Fluids • Antiviral medication

  10. Risk • Drops with age • Most common in late summer early fall

  11. Precautions • MMR vaccine • Hand washing

  12. http://www.riversideonline.com/health_reference/Nervous-System/DS00118.cfmhttp://www.riversideonline.com/health_reference/Nervous-System/DS00118.cfm • http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/enterovirus/non-polio_entero.htm • http://www.bhchp.org/BHCHP%20Manual/pdf_files/Part1_PDF/ViralMeningitis.pdf • http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1168529-overview • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterovirus#Species_and_genetics • http://www.meningitis.org/disease-info/types-causes/viral-meningitis