Pronoun/Antecedent Agreement Put the PRO in Pronoun
A pronoun is the word that takes the place of a noun or another pronoun. Examples of Pronouns: MASCULINE: he, him, his, himself FEMININE: she, her, hers, herself NEUTRAL: it, its, itself PLURAL: they, them, their, theirs, themselves
An antecedent is the word that the pronoun is referring to (usually earlier in the sentence). Example: Laura sold her bike to buy in-line skates. Antecedent Pronoun
Why can’t they just get along? We always want pronouns to agree with their antecedents in both NUMBER and GENDER.
WRONG EXAMPLES • Everybody has their own way of studying. • Anyone could forget their homework. • Neither Jim nor Frank took their case to court. • Everybody who is going to the movie needs to bring their money. • Either Mom or Lucy will volunteer their time.
WARNING ANTECEDENTSTO LOOK OUT FOR
Anybody Anyone Each Neither Everybody Everyone Nobody Either No one One Somebody Someone WARNING Antecedents = Singular Indefinite Pronouns
What about Reflexive Pronouns? • Reflexive pronouns are those that refer directly back to the subject of the sentence. We use reflexive pronouns for emphasis. Examples of REFLEXIVE Pronouns: Myself, ourselves, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves
Sentences Using Reflexive Pronouns • John spilled grape juice all over himself. • Mrs. Johnson tried to clean his white shirt by herself, but she needed something stronger.
John and Mr. Johnson offered to go to the grocery store by themselvesto get Bleach. The store itself was stocked with hundreds of other cleaning supplies, but ironically the bleach was sold outside.
Sentences for Practice In the world of Impressionist Painting, Mary Cassatt made their work known. Edgar Degas suggested Cassatt create a series of paintings for herself, and she accepted her suggestion. Each of the women in her paintings seemed to have their own identity.
Now it’s time for you to practice! INSTRUCTIONS: Flip your sheet over on the back and do the sentences for practice in pairs.