Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
GMAW MIG Welding PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
GMAW MIG Welding

GMAW MIG Welding

1259 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

GMAW MIG Welding

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

    1. GMAW (MIG Welding) SECTION OVERVIEW: Section Overviews are provided on the introductory slides at the front of each topical area to explain the intended use for the slides included in the section. Slide numbers are included on the Section Overview slides for easy reference when preparing for delivery of the slide content. TEACHER NOTES: Teacher Notes are included on the Section Overview slides as a reference tool when making class preparations. Suggested Activities are included as ideas for teachers to use to help students gain practical experience with the welding content. However, these are designed to be supplemented by each teacher based on local program needs. Slides have been developed to incorporate content information regarding performance standards from the American Welding Society (AWS) and the National Academic Standards for English, Science, and Math. INDIVIDUAL LESSON NOTES ARE AVAILABLE IN LESSON PLAN FACILITATORS GUIDESECTION OVERVIEW: Section Overviews are provided on the introductory slides at the front of each topical area to explain the intended use for the slides included in the section. Slide numbers are included on the Section Overview slides for easy reference when preparing for delivery of the slide content. TEACHER NOTES: Teacher Notes are included on the Section Overview slides as a reference tool when making class preparations. Suggested Activities are included as ideas for teachers to use to help students gain practical experience with the welding content. However, these are designed to be supplemented by each teacher based on local program needs. Slides have been developed to incorporate content information regarding performance standards from the American Welding Society (AWS) and the National Academic Standards for English, Science, and Math. INDIVIDUAL LESSON NOTES ARE AVAILABLE IN LESSON PLAN FACILITATORS GUIDE

    2. 2 SECTION OVERVIEW: This slide is meant to start generating conversation and thoughts about content to be covered in this lesson. TEACHER NOTES: Bulleted information on topical areas is provided to lead class discussion on areas which are to be covered in the training. SECTION OVERVIEW: This slide is meant to start generating conversation and thoughts about content to be covered in this lesson. TEACHER NOTES: Bulleted information on topical areas is provided to lead class discussion on areas which are to be covered in the training.

    3. 3 Unit Objectives Upon successful completion of the GMAW Unit of Study, you will have learned about: Properly protecting yourself and others while welding Setting up and operating GMAW equipment Striking and maintaining an arc Welding in four positions using various electrodes Weld Inspection The AWS electrode classification system Taking the next step to becoming a certified welder SECTION OVERVIEW: This slide is included to explain the objectives of this unit of study. TEACHER NOTES: Teachers could use this opportunity to give a high-level overview of the importance and application of GMAW welding in todays society. SECTION OVERVIEW: This slide is included to explain the objectives of this unit of study. TEACHER NOTES: Teachers could use this opportunity to give a high-level overview of the importance and application of GMAW welding in todays society.

    4. 4 SECTION OVERVIEW: The next few slides are meant to point out safety requirements when using the GMAW process. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 4-7: Bulleted information on topical areas is provided to lead class discussion on important areas of safety to be practiced in the GMAW welding environment. To download your own copy of Safety in Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes (ANSI Z49.1) go to: www.aws.org/technical/facts/Z49.1-2005-all.pdf To download your own copy of Lincoln Electrics Arc Welding Safety (E205) document go to: http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/e205.pdf To order copies of Lincoln Electrics Arc Welding Safety (E205) document and poster (E201) go to: www.lincolnelectric.com (Quick Link: Literature Request) MSDS can be obtained from Lincoln Consumable packaging, online at www.lincolnelectric.com (Quick Link: MSDS) or by calling 1-216-481-8100 For a free DVD on Welding Safely, submit order form in the back of the Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide (shipping and handling charges apply). See Facilitators Guide for more information on welding hazards such as Fumes and Gases and Electrical Shock.SECTION OVERVIEW: The next few slides are meant to point out safety requirements when using the GMAW process. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 4-7: Bulleted information on topical areas is provided to lead class discussion on important areas of safety to be practiced in the GMAW welding environment. To download your own copy of Safety in Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes (ANSI Z49.1) go to: www.aws.org/technical/facts/Z49.1-2005-all.pdf To download your own copy of Lincoln Electrics Arc Welding Safety (E205) document go to: http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/e205.pdf To order copies of Lincoln Electrics Arc Welding Safety (E205) document and poster (E201) go to: www.lincolnelectric.com (Quick Link: Literature Request) MSDS can be obtained from Lincoln Consumable packaging, online at www.lincolnelectric.com (Quick Link: MSDS) or by calling 1-216-481-8100 For a free DVD on Welding Safely, submit order form in the back of the Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide (shipping and handling charges apply). See Facilitators Guide for more information on welding hazards such as Fumes and Gases and Electrical Shock.

    5. 5

    6. 6 GMAW Safety Fumes and Gases can be dangerous Keep your head out of the fumes Use enough ventilation, exhaust at the arc, or both, to keep fumes and gases from your breathing zone and the general area Local exhaust and mechanical ventilation can be used without reducing weld quality Electric Shock can kill to receive a shock your body must touch the electrode and work or ground at the same time Do not touch the electrode or metal parts of the electrode holder with skin or wet clothing Keep dry insulation between your body and the metal being welded or ground The coil of wire is electrically hot when the trigger is pulled Arc Rays can injure eyes and skin -Choose correct filter shade (See chart below)

    7. 7 GMAW Safety REMEMBER Gas Cylinders require SPECIAL safety precautions Cylinders must be secured in an upright position Cylinders should be located in an area away from arc welding, cutting, heat, sparks, and flame Refer to Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes (ANSI Z49.1) or Arc Welding Safety (E205) for more information on the handling of gas cylinders

    8. 8 SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides are meant to lead into the discussion on the components involved with GMAW welding. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 8-16: When using these slides, discussion could include: With semi-automatic MIG welding, the electrode wire is fed through a welding gun controlled by the operator. The operator starts the arc and controls the puddle. In automatic MIG welding, a robot or automated machine makes the weld. An arc digs into the base metal much like water from a nozzle on a garden hose digs into the earth. (The flow of the water is like welding current and water pressure is similar to voltage) Molten metal forms a molten pool or crater and tends to flow away from the arc while cooling and solidifying. A continuous even flow of shielding gas is needed to protect the molten weld metal from atmospheric contaminants such as oxygen and nitrogen. The shielding gas comes from a gas cylinder and flows through the gun and cable assembly, through the gas nozzle, and into the welding zone. SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides are meant to lead into the discussion on the components involved with GMAW welding. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 8-16: When using these slides, discussion could include: With semi-automatic MIG welding, the electrode wire is fed through a welding gun controlled by the operator. The operator starts the arc and controls the puddle. In automatic MIG welding, a robot or automated machine makes the weld. An arc digs into the base metal much like water from a nozzle on a garden hose digs into the earth. (The flow of the water is like welding current and water pressure is similar to voltage) Molten metal forms a molten pool or crater and tends to flow away from the arc while cooling and solidifying. A continuous even flow of shielding gas is needed to protect the molten weld metal from atmospheric contaminants such as oxygen and nitrogen. The shielding gas comes from a gas cylinder and flows through the gun and cable assembly, through the gas nozzle, and into the welding zone.

    9. 9

    10. 10 GMAW Circuit Three things happen when the GMAW gun trigger is pulled: The wire electrode begins to feed The circuit becomes electrically hot

    11. 11 GMAW Components Lets look a little closer at the GMAW process

    12. 12 1 - Electrode A GMAW electrode is: A metal wire Fed through the gun by the wire feeder Measured by its diameter

    13. 13 2 - Arc An electric arc occurs in the gas filled space between the electrode wire and the work piece

    14. 14 3 - Weld Puddle As the wire electrode and work piece heat up and melt, they form a pool of molten material called a weld puddle This is what the welder watches and manipulates while welding

    15. 15 4 - Shielding Gas GMAW welding requires a shielding gas to protect the weld puddle Shielding gas is usually CO2, argon, or a mixture of both

    16. 16 5 - Solidified Weld Metal The welder lays a bead of molten metal that quickly solidifies into a weld The resulting weld is slag free

    17. 17 SECTION OVERVIEW: This slide reviews what has been learned about the GMAW process. TEACHER NOTES: (Explanation of Activity) Slide 17-18: After having discussed the parts included on this slide, students will take a quiz as an application activity. For the activity, have participants work individually and mark 1-5 on a piece of paper. Explain that this activity is meant to check student understanding of GMAW before beginning to apply the process in the lab. Project slide on the screen and have each student fill in the blanks on a piece of paper to be turned in. Collect papers and discuss. Answers to the Application Activity are: 1. Electrode 2. Arc 3. Weld Puddle 4. Shielding Gas 5. Solidified Weld Metal SECTION OVERVIEW: This slide reviews what has been learned about the GMAW process. TEACHER NOTES: (Explanation of Activity) Slide 17-18: After having discussed the parts included on this slide, students will take a quiz as an application activity. For the activity, have participants work individually and mark 1-5 on a piece of paper. Explain that this activity is meant to check student understanding of GMAW before beginning to apply the process in the lab. Project slide on the screen and have each student fill in the blanks on a piece of paper to be turned in. Collect papers and discuss. Answers to the Application Activity are: 1. Electrode 2. Arc 3. Weld Puddle 4. Shielding Gas 5. Solidified Weld Metal

    18. 18

    19. 19 SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides explain how to set-up the equipment for GMAW and covers process variables. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 19-21: For welding procedure recommendations see: The Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide Lincoln Electrics GMAW Welding Guide - http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/c4200.pdf The inside of a Lincoln Electric combination wire feeder/ welder. Check the gas nozzle. Turn the gas supply on. If adjustable, set for 15-20 cubic feet per hour (7 to 10 l/min.) under normal conditions increasing to as high as 35 CFH (17 l/min) in drafty and/or slightly windy conditions. The liner and contact tip should match that of the electrode diameter being used. The work clamp must be grounded to the work piece. Be sure to make a good connection. SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides explain how to set-up the equipment for GMAW and covers process variables. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 19-21: For welding procedure recommendations see: The Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide Lincoln Electrics GMAW Welding Guide - http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/c4200.pdf The inside of a Lincoln Electric combination wire feeder/ welder. Check the gas nozzle. Turn the gas supply on. If adjustable, set for 15-20 cubic feet per hour (7 to 10 l/min.) under normal conditions increasing to as high as 35 CFH (17 l/min) in drafty and/or slightly windy conditions. The liner and contact tip should match that of the electrode diameter being used. The work clamp must be grounded to the work piece. Be sure to make a good connection.

    20. 20

    21. 21 GMAW Process Variables Welding variables Wire Feed Speed (WFS) Voltage Operator controlled variables Travel speed Gun angles Contact tip to work distance (CTWD) Gas flow rate

    22. 22 SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides discuss striking an arc and making a weld using the GMAW process. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 22-26: Teacher might want to discuss Once the arc has been established, maintaining the correct contact tip to work distance (CTWD) becomes extremely important. The CTWD should be approximately 3/8 to inch (10-12 mm) long. The easiest way to tell if CTWD is right length is to listen to the sound. If the CTWD is too short the wire electrode can fuse to the contact tip. It also causes the arc voltage to raise resulting in a flat bead shape, increase in spatter and possible undercut. If the CTWD is too long the electrode can stub out. It also causes the arc voltage to drop resulting in a ropey and convex bead, increase in spatter and possible loss of gas shielding. SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides discuss striking an arc and making a weld using the GMAW process. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 22-26: Teacher might want to discuss Once the arc has been established, maintaining the correct contact tip to work distance (CTWD) becomes extremely important. The CTWD should be approximately 3/8 to inch (10-12 mm) long. The easiest way to tell if CTWD is right length is to listen to the sound. If the CTWD is too short the wire electrode can fuse to the contact tip. It also causes the arc voltage to raise resulting in a flat bead shape, increase in spatter and possible undercut. If the CTWD is too long the electrode can stub out. It also causes the arc voltage to drop resulting in a ropey and convex bead, increase in spatter and possible loss of gas shielding.

    23. 23

    24. 24 Laying a Bead Maintain a Contact Tip to Work Distance (CTWD) of 3/8 to 1/2 Use a uniform travel speed Most Importantly Watch the Puddle!

    25. 25 Fill the Crater Fill the crater by pausing or using a slight back step Release gun trigger and pull gun away from the work after the arc goes out Large craters can cause weld cracking

    26. 26 Restarting a Bead Restart the weld bead by back stepping into the last welds crater and then continue moving forward This technique should result in a seamless transition from one weld to the next

    27. 27 SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides discuss two conventional modes of metal transfer: short arc and spray arc TEACHER NOTES: Slides 27-31: Short Arc Transfer The wire shorts to the base material, the molten metal is pinched off and transferred to the weld puddle. Common gas mixtures for short arc: 100% CO2 or 75% Argon/ 25% CO2 Typical applications include thin materials, out of position welding, joints with poor fit up, root pass on pipe and when using 110V welders. Axial Spray Arc Transfer Very high currents are used in axial spray arc transfer (or spray arc). The current level must be above the transition level and the shielding gas must contain at least 80% Argon. A point forms at the end of the electrode and fine droplets of molten metal spray across the arc. The droplets are equal to or smaller than the electrode diameter and are directed axially in a straight line to the weld puddle. Typical applications include thick materials, flat and horizontal welding, structural fabrication, heavy machinery and aluminum welding. For more information on the conventional modes of metal transfer see the GMAW Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide and Lincoln Electrics free GMAW Welding Guide (http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/c4200.pdf) SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides discuss two conventional modes of metal transfer: short arc and spray arc TEACHER NOTES: Slides 27-31: Short Arc Transfer The wire shorts to the base material, the molten metal is pinched off and transferred to the weld puddle. Common gas mixtures for short arc: 100% CO2 or 75% Argon/ 25% CO2 Typical applications include thin materials, out of position welding, joints with poor fit up, root pass on pipe and when using 110V welders. Axial Spray Arc Transfer Very high currents are used in axial spray arc transfer (or spray arc). The current level must be above the transition level and the shielding gas must contain at least 80% Argon. A point forms at the end of the electrode and fine droplets of molten metal spray across the arc. The droplets are equal to or smaller than the electrode diameter and are directed axially in a straight line to the weld puddle. Typical applications include thick materials, flat and horizontal welding, structural fabrication, heavy machinery and aluminum welding. For more information on the conventional modes of metal transfer see the GMAW Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide and Lincoln Electrics free GMAW Welding Guide (http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/c4200.pdf)

    28. 28

    29. 29 Modes of Metal Transfer Two common conventional modes of metal transfer are: Short arc Axial spray arc The application, joint design, base material thickness, and properties determine the appropriate mode to use

    30. 30 Short Arc Transfer In short arc transfer The arc is initiated and a droplet is formed on the end of the wire The wire touches the work piece and produces a short circuit The droplet is then transferred to the weld puddle

    31. 31 Axial Spray Arc Transfer In axial spray arc transfer Very high currents are used A point forms at the end of the electrode and the fine droplets The puddle is very fluid making out of position welding difficult

    32. 32 SECTION OVERVIEW: The next slide explains about troubleshooting welds. TEACHER NOTES: Slide 32-33: Corrective actions for common GMAW problems: Porosity Check for proper gas flow/ block any winds or drafts Clean joints from moisture, paint, etc. Check for proper WFS and Voltage settings Decrease CTWD, drag angle, and travel speed Ropey and Convex Check or reset WFS & Volts (increase voltage first) Decrease CTWD, travel speed, and drag angle (push angle) Excessive Spatter Check and reset WFS and Volts Increase drag angle Decrease CTWD and travel speed Eliminate Stubbing Check or rest WFS & Volts (increase voltage first) Decrease CTWD Increase drag angle SECTION OVERVIEW: The next slide explains about troubleshooting welds. TEACHER NOTES: Slide 32-33: Corrective actions for common GMAW problems: Porosity Check for proper gas flow/ block any winds or drafts Clean joints from moisture, paint, etc. Check for proper WFS and Voltage settings Decrease CTWD, drag angle, and travel speed Ropey and Convex Check or reset WFS & Volts (increase voltage first) Decrease CTWD, travel speed, and drag angle (push angle) Excessive Spatter Check and reset WFS and Volts Increase drag angle Decrease CTWD and travel speed Eliminate Stubbing Check or rest WFS & Volts (increase voltage first) Decrease CTWD Increase drag angle

    33. 33

    34. 34 SECTION OVERVIEW: This section is meant to lead into a discussion regarding the advantages and limitations of the GMAW welding process. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 34-36: Advantages High operating factor: The welder does not have to stop and clean slag or change electrodes. Easy to learn: GMAW is easier to learn than Stick welding Clean process with little or no slag and spatter - High efficiency (93-98%) Welds can be made on a wide variety of metals and alloys. Can be done in all welding positions Disadvantages: Less portable Gun lengths are often only 15 feet long. More expensive due to higher equipment price than SMAW and the need for a gas bottle. Shielding gas can be blown away by winds so GMAW may require special precautions when welding outdoors or in drafty areas. In spray arc transfer - the process radiates a lot of heat Difficult to use in out of position joints For more information on GMAW consumables and gases, see the Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide or GMAW Welding Guide available through Lincoln Electric SECTION OVERVIEW: This section is meant to lead into a discussion regarding the advantages and limitations of the GMAW welding process. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 34-36: Advantages High operating factor: The welder does not have to stop and clean slag or change electrodes. Easy to learn: GMAW is easier to learn than Stick welding Clean process with little or no slag and spatter - High efficiency (93-98%) Welds can be made on a wide variety of metals and alloys. Can be done in all welding positions Disadvantages: Less portable Gun lengths are often only 15 feet long. More expensive due to higher equipment price than SMAW and the need for a gas bottle. Shielding gas can be blown away by winds so GMAW may require special precautions when welding outdoors or in drafty areas. In spray arc transfer - the process radiates a lot of heat Difficult to use in out of position joints For more information on GMAW consumables and gases, see the Lesson Plan Facilitators Guide or GMAW Welding Guide available through Lincoln Electric

    35. 35

    36. 36 Limitations of GMAW Less portable with shorter gun lengths (15 foot guns) GMAW equipment is more expensive than SMAW equipment External shielding gas can be blown away by winds High radiated heat Difficult to use in out of position joints

    37. 37 SECTION OVERVIEW: This section is meant to lead into a discussion about the AWS Classification of GMAW Electrodes TEACHER NOTES: Slides 37-38 For more information on the AWS classification of GMAW electrodes see Lincoln Electrics free GMAW Welding Guide - http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/c4200.pdfSECTION OVERVIEW: This section is meant to lead into a discussion about the AWS Classification of GMAW Electrodes TEACHER NOTES: Slides 37-38 For more information on the AWS classification of GMAW electrodes see Lincoln Electrics free GMAW Welding Guide - http://content.lincolnelectric.com/pdfs/products/literature/c4200.pdf

    38. 38

    39. 39 SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides are used for practicing lesson content in the lab setting. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 39-48: When using these slides, reference information included in the Facilitators Guide. Recommended equipment Only one of the single process or multi-process machines is required to complete the lesson. SECTION OVERVIEW: These slides are used for practicing lesson content in the lab setting. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 39-48: When using these slides, reference information included in the Facilitators Guide. Recommended equipment Only one of the single process or multi-process machines is required to complete the lesson.

    40. 40

    41. 41 GMAW Lesson #2 Objective: To make a fillet weld on a lap joint in the horizontal position (AWS position 2F) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material Mild Steel Plate 10 gauge .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    42. 42 GMAW Lesson #3 Objective: To make a fillet weld on a tee joint in the horizontal position (AWS position 2F) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate 10 gauge .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    43. 43 GMAW Lesson #4 Objective: To make a fillet weld on a lap joint in the vertical position welding down (AWS position 3FD) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate 10 gauge .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    44. 44 GMAW Lesson #5 Objective: To make a fillet weld on a tee joint in the vertical position welding down (AWS position 3FD) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate 10 gauge .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    45. 45 GMAW Lesson #6 Objective: To make a butt weld with a gap in the vertical position welding down Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate 10 gauge .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    46. 46 GMAW Lesson #7 Objective: To make a fillet weld on a tee joint in the overhead position (AWS position 4F) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate 10 gauge .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    47. 47 GMAW Lesson #8 Objective: To make a three pass fillet weld on a tee joint in the horizontal position (AWS position 2F) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 215 or Power MIG 255C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate .035 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 100% CO2 or 25% CO2/ 75% Argon blend shielding gas

    48. 48 GMAW Lesson #9 Objective: To run a horizontal fillet weld on a tee joint using axial spray transfer (AWS position 2F) Equipment: Single Process - Constant Voltage Power Source & Wire Feeder Power MIG 225C Multi-Process Composite: Power MIG 350 MP Combination: V-350/ LF-72 package Material: Mild Steel Plate .045 SuperArc L-56 (ER70S-6) 90% Argon/ 10% CO2 blend shielding gas

    49. 49 SECTION OVERVIEW: The next few slides discuss the connection of this unit with AWS and the certification process. TEACHER NOTES: Slide 49-50: Content included in this unit of study is designed to be used by interested students as a building block in the learning process if interested in pursuing a certification program SECTION OVERVIEW: The next few slides discuss the connection of this unit with AWS and the certification process. TEACHER NOTES: Slide 49-50: Content included in this unit of study is designed to be used by interested students as a building block in the learning process if interested in pursuing a certification program

    50. 50

    51. 51 SECTION OVERVIEW: The next slide discusses how the content covered in the welding unit is applicable to English, Math, and Science classes. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 51-52: This slide contains information regarding how this welding unit of study relates to the National Academic Standards. SECTION OVERVIEW: The next slide discusses how the content covered in the welding unit is applicable to English, Math, and Science classes. TEACHER NOTES: Slides 51-52: This slide contains information regarding how this welding unit of study relates to the National Academic Standards.

    52. 52