Modern pentathlon Introduction Mauro Tirinnanzi UIPM sport Director
Modern Pentathlon it is a multi sport The founder of the Modern pentathlon has been Baron Pier de Coubertin. The founder of the Modern Olympic games The five sport Are: Fencing Swimming Riding Shooting + Running (Combined Event)
The Modern pentathlon legend Admiration for the ancient pentathlon was fully shared by the founder of the modem Olympic Games, Baron Pierre de Coubertin. He persuaded the Olympic Committee to introduce Modem Pentathlon at the 5th Olympic Games of the modem era in Stockholm, Sweden in 1912. It was his belief that this event, above all others, "tested an athlete's moral qualities as much as their physical resources and skills, producing thereby the ideal, complete athlete." The choice of the five diverse and unrelated sports that make up the Modem Pentathlon arose out of a romantic vision of the wild adventures of a liaison officer whose horse is brought down in enemy territory. He defends himself with his pistol and sword, swims across a raging river and finally delivers the message on foot.
The modern pentathlon at the beginning De Coubertin knew the event would appeal to the military and he felt it would help foster peace by ensuring the world's soldiers could engage in friendly competition. Not surprisingly, it was the military who most enthusiastically adopted this new sport with its inherent demands of courage, coordination, physical fitness, self-discipline and flexibility in ever-changing circumstances. Now the sport it is an universal one. It is practiced from: more that 90 nations on the Five continents, Military and civilians people Men an Women. It is a Sport without age. The officials competition are possible from 10 year (youth E) till the Master ( starting from 30 years older)
M.P. Competitions • Olympic Games • World Championships • Continental Championship • World cup Competitions • Cism • Champion Of Champion • Regional competitions • International competitions • Promotional competitions especially to recruit athlete • ……..Master competitions
Modern pentathlon competitions • Individual competition • Team competition • Relay competition with 3 athletes • and with two Athletes • Other competition • Biathle • School Biathle
M.P. Competition • Olympic Games • From 1912 to 1980 the Olympic Modern Pentathlon competition was held over five days with one event per day. • Between 1984 and 1992, the competition was held over four days • There were individual medals awarded and Team medals decided by adding the three individual scores of Team members together. • For the Atlanta Olympic Games in 1996, the competition was a one-day event in which 32 men and only individual medals were awarded. • In 1998, the UIPM received approval for women to compete in the Sydney 2000 Olympics Games and 24 men and 24 women competed in the individual competitions. • In Athens 2004, 32 men and 32 women • In Beijing 2008, 36 women and 36 men will compete • 2008 UIPM Guatemala Congress approved the New Format • Next Olympic Games in London 2012 new format: with Combined Event Running + Shooting will be adopted
M.P. Competitions • World Championships • World Championships take place annually for Senior, Junior and Youth A (17-18 years), Men & Women. • Youth A World Championships differ do not include riding. • At least 108 Men and Women may compete at the World Championships, having achieved a qualifying standard. • Athletes qualify for the Final via qualification groups of up to 36 athletes with, in the case of 3 groups, the first 12 placed athletes qualifying and in the case of 4 groups, the first 9 in each group qualify. • The Final is therefore comprised of the best 36 competitors from such qualification. • Individual medals and prize money are awarded as well as team medals which are decided by adding the three individual team member’s scores together. • Relay competitions with 3 athletes as well relay competition with 2 athletes are organized at the world Championships
UNION INTERNATIONALEDE PENTATHLON MODERNE General Aspects From Mauro Tirinnanzi UIPM Sport Director
Categories 1.2.1 * The official UIPM competitions in Modern Pentathlon are: Category A: Olympic Games, World Championships, Continental Championships, World Cups and World Cup Final, Champion of Champions, CISM World Championships Category B: Regional Championships, Europe Cup Circuit, World Masters Championships and Continental Master Championships and other World Ranking Competitions Category C: Other international competitions and Championships with UIPM member federations.
Format 1.3.1/3 • As a rule, official UIPM competitions are organised as one-day competitions where it is recommended that all five events take placein one site and within walking distance of each other. • Team classification may also be included, using the Modern Pentathlon points from the individual classification. • Best 3 athletes results • The Relay must take place as a one-day competition. • There are two relay’s competition formulas with 3 athletes and with 2 athletes
Format 1.3.2 • Category “B” and “C” competitions can be organised over one or two days or, exceptionally, as three-day competitions if two days are required for the riding. • Youth competitions that include two or three of the five events are organised in one day and those that include four or all five events are organised over two days.
Age Group 10 and younger Youth E 11 – 12 years Youth D 13 – 14 years Youth C 15 – 16 years Youth B 17 – 18 years Youth A 19 – 21 years Juniors 22 and over Seniors 30 and over Masters Age groups 1.4.2
Age groups 1.4.3 The age of the pentathlete will be counted by subtracting the year of the competition from the year of birth Months and days will not be taken into account. (Example: year of competition 2009, year of birth 1990, age of pentathlete is 19.) A pentathlete can compete in any higher age group with written permission from the competent National body
The five Events Individual competition • F E N C I NG • E l e c t r i c é p è • Pool unique • One decisive hit in 1 minute • Fencing points 70 % victories are worth 1000 points. Each victory above or below 70% is worth depending to the numbers of competitors Ex. 36 competitors (= the number of athletes in the final) mean that there are 35 matches for each athlete. 70 % of 35 is 25 that means 1.000points for 25 Victories Each victory will be equal to 24 points 24 victories are therefore worth 976 points.
The five Events Individual competition • S W I M M I N G • 200 m F r e e s t y l e : Seniors, Juniors, Youth A and B • 100 m: Youth C • 50 m: Youth D and E • Swimming points • 200 metres free-style. The time to get 1000 points for: • men and Women is 2 minutes 30 seconds and for Every 0.33 second is worth 4 points. • Ex. The time 2 minutes 32.8 seconds corresponds to 968 points
The five Events Individual competition • R I D I N G • Show jumping competition. • course length 350–450m • Speed 350m/minute - Indoor 300m/minute • 12 obstacles ( 15 jumps) , maximum height 120 centimeters. • Characteristic of the competition The horses don’t belongs to the Athletes The athletes draw the horses and they have 20 minutes and 5 jumps, for warming up, before the competition.
The five Events Individual competition • COMBINED EVENT • Handicap start / Running Course Any surface • Shooting with Air pistol Caliber 4.5mm/,177 caliber, 10m Range • Senior, Junior & Youth A , Men & Women • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run; • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run, • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run. • Youth B, Boys & Girls • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run; • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run. • Combined Point • Men and Women Senior, Junior, Youth A and Youth B: • 2000 points are awarded for a time of 14 minutes. • Each second faster or slower than the prescribed timeis worth +/-4 points.
The five Events Relay competition • F E N C I NG • E l e c t r i c é p è • Team member N°: X 1 versus Y 1 X 2 versus Y 2 X 3 versus Y 3 • 3 decisive hit in 3 separate minute • Fencing points 70 % victories are worth 1000 points. Number of hits depends on the number of teams
The five Events Relay competition • S W I M M I N G • F r e e s t y l e • 3 x 100 m: Seniors, Juniors, Youth A and B • 3 x 50 m: Youth C • 3 x 25 m: Youth D and E • Swimming points • 3 x 100 metres free-style. • The time to get 1000 points for: • men women is 3 minutes 15 seconds • For every 0.33 second is worth 4 points.
The five Events Relay competition • R I D I N G • Show jumping competition. • Speed 350m/minute - Indoor 300m/minute • Olympic Games, World Championships, European Championships, CISM Championships: • Relay with 3 or 2 pentathletes with 3 or 2 horses: • 9 obstacles, 3 or 2 x 350m course (without combination) • All other official UIPM competitions and 1 horse per team: • 6 obstacles, 3x200m course (without combination)
The five Events Relay competition • Combined Event • Handicap start Any surface • Shooting with Air pistol Caliber 4.5mm/,177 caliber, 10m Range • Senior, Junior, Youth A & Youth B, Men & Women • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run; • 5 Targets down (time limit 1’10”); 1000m run; • for each of the 2 to 3 pentathletes. • Combined Point • For team of 3 pentathletes • Men and Women Senior, Junior, Youth A and Youth B: • 2000 points are awarded for a time 28.00. • Each second faster or slower than the prescribed timeis worth +/-4 points • For team of 2 pentathletes • Men and Women Senior, Junior, Youth A and Youth B: • 2000 points are awarded for a time 19.00. Each second faster or slower than the prescribed timeis worth +/-4 points. Every whole second is worth 4 points.
Order of the Events1.6.1/2 In the Finals of the Category “A” competitions, the order of events must be as follows: Fencing, Swimming, Riding, Combined event (always organised with handicap start, in certain Youth competitions also pack start). In the qualifications for the finals of Category “A” competitions and in all other competitions, the order of events may be adjusted to the LOC's needs. In the qualifications for the finals of Category “A” competitions, Combined must be the final event.
UIPM Competitions Category “A” • Olympic Games Youth Olympic Games • UIPM World Championships organised annually for Individuals and Relays in Seniors, Juniors and Youth A age groups. • World Cups Each year 4 – 6 World Cup competitions and a World Cup Final are organised over a period of 4 – 8 months • Continental Championships Every continental UIPM confederation has the right to organise Continental Championships. For Senior, Junior and Youth A and B Championships, a Relay must be included as the last competition. • Champions Of Champions • CISM World Championships
Youth Olympic Games • Competitors: 24 boys and 24 girls • Age 18/17 Youth A • Individual competitions • Relay competition mist Teams one boys one girls • Qualification trough: • 2009 Continental Championships 9 Places: • 2 Asia, 1 Africa, 3 Europe, 2 America, 1 Oceania • Qualifications trough 2010 Youth A World Championships 8 first places not qualified previously • Host nations 1 Place • NOC universality place 6 place
UIPM Competitions Category “B” World Ranking Competitions are international competitions organised for various age groups and open to all eligible participants. They fall under the application of the UIPM Rules and the supervision of a UIPM TD/NTO. They must be included in the annual UIPM Calendar; the results count for the PWR. Regional Competitions, whereby “region” is understood as embracing the territory of more than one UIPM member federation Europe Cup Circuit Three competitions annually can be organised for Junior and Under 23 year old pentathletes; the Circuit will produce two sets of results - over all category and only for the Junior category. Except in category “A” competitions, competitions or events can be organised with men and women pentathletes competing together.
UIPM Competitions Category “C” • This category includes such competitions as: • open national championships • masters competitions • Biathle events • certain Youth competitions. • In order to meet the criteria for Category “C” competitions, the LOC must have invited one or more other national federations to take part.
UIPM calendar • An annual calendarof official UIPM competitions, must be prepared and drawn up by the UIPM TC in co-operation with the UIPM HQ during the year before Congress. • The annual UIPM Calendar is submitted in its final form by the UIPM EB to the UIPM Congress. • The UIPM HQ circulates the calendar to all NFs.
UIPM International License Cards 1.13.1 • Teams have to present their pentathletes International License cards to the LOC on arrival at an event. • Only pentathletes holding a UIPM International License cards are allowed to compete in Category “A” and “B” competitions. • Pentathletes without riding ability listed on their License card and without a letter from their NF confirming their ability to ride: cannot compete in World Senior or Junior Championships nor World Cup Final. may compete at World Cup competitions in the qualifications for the Final, but if they do qualify for the Final, they must relinquish their place to the next pentathlete who has the ability to ride. at all other events, may compete in all disciplines except the Riding. • For Category “C” competitions, the NF must confirm in writing to the LOC the riding ability of any pentathlete without a License card.
International licenses (more information) • Based on a decision of the Executive Board, starting from 2006 each pentathlete must be in possession of a license in order to be eligible to participate in an international Modern Pentathlon competition. • Said license will be an internationally recognized card, identifying the pentathlete. • Its front will have a photograph of the pentathlete and his/her personal data, such as: Last Name, First Name, Date of Birth, I.D number • Each license will The back of the license will indicate if the pentathlete is authorized to participate in the Riding Event. • The authorization will be issued by the respective National Federation, and will serve as a written guarantee that the young/new pentathletes have necessary preparation to participate in the Riding Event
International Licenses (more information ) The Athletes that have not an international licence cannot star in any international competitions. Why? Because only using the international licences we are sure of the identity of each athlete. Only if we are sure of the identities of the athletes we can create a system that consents: Before the competition: the preparation of the competitions groups, the star list in fencing and swimming and, During the competition: to show live official results on the UIPM web After the competition: to update the correspondent rankings: (PWR) or (world Cup ranking), without wait one month to know the update rankings list
International Licenses(more information ) • Competition Entry Forms will not be accepted if any athlete is missing his/her License Number. • Athletes must bring their License with them to the competition to be entered. • If an athlete forgets their License, they must pay a fine of 50 Euros to the UIPM Technical Delegate and this fine remains the property of UIPM. • For athletes not yet issued with a license card they must send Request by email to UIPM Headquarter • The request must include:1) Copies of the athletes’ passports (or national ID cards) 2) passport-type photos in digital format, 3) confirmation for each athlete that they are able to take part in riding competition
World Championships for individual Programme Seniors, Juniors • Day 1 – Men’s Qualifications or Day 1 – Women’s Qualifications • Day 2 – Women’s Qualifications Day 2 – Men’s Qualifications • Day 3 – Men’s Finals Day 3 – Women’s Finals • Day 4 – Women’s Finals Day 4 – Men’s Finals • If the number of pentathletes is 40 or less, the TD and the LOC can decide not to organise Qualifications for the Finals, if conditions allow. In the qualifications for the final, groups of 20–36 pentathletes are formed, the maximum number of pentathletes from the same NF competing in the same group being 2.
World Championships for Individuals • The number of participants in the World Championships for Individuals(Senior and Junior)should be 108 or more. • Every NF has the right to enter3 participants, providing that the pentathlete has achieved the following points in a qualifying competition: • 4700 points men • 4500 points women • 4000 points junior men • 3500 points junior women.
Qualification group The placing of the pentathletes into the qualification groups for the final is made in accordance with the current PWR list, as follows:
Admitted on the final The following number of pentathletes qualifies for the Final: • 2 groups – The 18 from each group • 3 groups - the top 12 from each group • 4 groups - the top 9 from each group. If a pentathlete withdraws from the Final before the start due to an injury or sickness, the pentathlete will be replaced by the next pentathlete from the same group. 36 pentathletes compete in the Final.
World Championships Relay With 3 athletes • 16 teams can compete in a one-day format in each category, consecutively for women and men. The Relay competition is organised as the last competition of the World Championships. • Continental Championships or Qualification Competitions for Relay on each Continent must be organised before the World Championships. • Such Continental Championships or Qualification Competitions can be arranged and as “Open” for or jointly with other Continents. In such a case, the host Continent requests the respective Continental Confederation's) to invite its/their own NFs to participatein the championships.
World Championships Relay With 3 athletesQualifications criteria • Participation in the World Championships Relay is possible only on the basis of the results of the Continental Championships or Qualification Competitions for Relay on the particular continent. • If a Continental Championship (with the exception of Europe) does not include a Relay, the results in the team competition of the Individuals will be used. • If there is no team competition, the results from the PWR list dated 60 days before the competition will be used. • NFs may enter different pentathletes than those entered in the Individual competition. • The NF of which the Relay team became World Champion in the preceding year is included within these 16teams, whereby its place is gathered from the quota of the continent where the NF is located. • If the there is a renunciation of one or more teams from one Continent to take part in the Relay World Championships, the place must be assigned to the first reserve team of the same Continent and so on until all the free places are covered. If the continent does not have reserves, the place must be assigned to the nation with the highest result from their top three pentathletes on the PWR list dated 60 days before the competition.
World Championships Relay With 3 athletes The continents will be represented as follows: • * Africa 1 team • * America North and Central 2 team • * America South 1 team • * Asia 3 teams • * Europe 7 teams • * Oceania 1 team • * Host Federation (guaranteed) 1 team • Total: 16 teams
World Championships Relay With 2 athletes • allows20 teams to compete in a one-day format in each category. • This Relay competition is organised the day after the Individual World Championships. • The teams comprise one male pentathlete and one female pentathlete from the same nation. • Qualification is based on the results from the respective Individual World Championships.
World Championships Relay With 2 athletes I presented this proposal in Lausanne Executive Board Meeting in 2005 as well in 2006 Kyoto Congress. The idea was to have a chance to have one/two more medals to the Olympic Games. We know that IOC doesn’t want to increase the number of athletes that take part to the Games. The idea is to organise a relay competition with team of only two athletes’: Two man, or two women or why not, a team composed with one man one woman. The athletes will be the same that took part to the Olympic individual competitions. If we observe the list of participants by nations in Beijing Olympic Games, we had: 14 nation s that qualified two men, 13 nations that qualified 2 women, and 17 nations that qualified one man and one woman Perfect for The Olympics
World Championships Relay With 2 athletes If we wish to have a chance to have relay at the Olympic games it is time to start to organise Continental, Regional championships and World Championships with this formula to add one more medals, the mist relay with one man and one women, from the next season competition Another strong reason to support this proposal is to give to the Nations that have no 3 strong athletes in each gender to have a chance to compete in a world and continental championships relay and why not to have a chance of medal
World Championships Relay With 2 athletes • The easy and simply rules • Maximum team admitted 20 on the basis of the individual men and women results • Fencing men versus men, women versus women at 2 touches for each gender • Swimming relay 2X100 order of star between men and women free • Riding with 2 horses on the 2X350 course with 9 obstacles • Combined event handicap start 20 mt run • 5 target down 1000m run, • 5 target down ,1000 run • for each team member.
World Cup competition • World Cup competitions are organised over three days following the one-day format, one each for the qualifications and for the Final with a day of rest in between. • The Final is organised with 36 pentathletes. • World Cup competitions are valid for individual placing only.
World Cup competition • For World Cup competitions, the LOC is obliged to invite the first 10 men/women of the previous World Championship and Word Cup Final to participate and guarantee one place for each NF per gender. • Invitations must be sent at least 90 days before the competition.
World Cup competition • Every NF has the right to participate with 1 pentathlete per World Cup competition. In exceptional circumstances, the maximum number can be 4 pentathletes per nation. • However, in World Cup competitions that are also Qualification Competitions for the Olympic Games, the maximum number allowed is 3 pentathletes per nation. • The host NF is allowed to participate with a maximum of 12 pentathletes except in World Cup competitions that are also Qualification Competitions for Olympic Games when the maximum is 4 pentathletes. • All startingpentathletes can participate in the Final part of the World Cup Competition. The minimum point requirements are: • 4700 points men • 4000 points women • If there are free places, other pentathletes canbe invited.
World Cup standings • The World Cup Standing List is published after each World Cup and is established by using the PWR points only from World Cup competitions. All competitors at each World Cup competition will be allocated points according to the competitors’ placing. • The points table for the World Cup is the same as for the PWR. • In order to be qualified for the World Cup Final the qualification of the best 32 pentathletes is calculated adding the three best results of the World Cup competitions. • The last world champion and two athletes from the organizing country close the 36 finalist place
Champion of Champions 1.13.7 • 18 pentathletes per gender are invited by UIPM to compete in the Champion of Champions competition and they are as follows: • * the 6 Continental Champions, • * the 3 medallists from the current year’s World Senior Championships, • * the top 3 pentathletes from the current year’s World Cup Final, • * the current Olympic Champion, • * all the Senior World Champions of the Olympic period, • * the current World Junior Champion, • * 1 or 2 pentathletes from host nation if not already qualified • If it is still necessary to reach the quota of 18 pentathletes, the best pentathletes from the PWR list dated 30 days before the competition will be invited.
World Championships for Youth A are organised over four days. The Individual competition will be followed by a day of rest with the Relay competition taking place on the fourth day. Entry Form C must be completed with the pentathletes’ swimming times. The order of events for the Individual competition depends on the total number of pentathletes in each gender group:
World Championships for Youth A 1.10.4 • If the total number of pentathletes in each gender group exceeds 51 the pentathletes will be divided into groups for the fencing competition (not more than two pentathletes from the same nation in the same group). The competition can be organised over one or two days depending on the organisers’ venues. Example: • Day 1: Fencing Men and Swimming Men/Women • Day 2: Fencing Women and Combined Event Men/Women • Day 3: Education & Cultural Day • Day 4: Relay men/women with 3 athletes + Mix relay with 1 athlete per gender