Figurative Language I SOP HAM Idiom Simile Onomatopoeia Personification Hyperbole Alliteration Metaphor
Idiom • “Figure of speech”
Idiom • Group of words that say one thing, but mean something completely different.
Examples of Idioms: “It was a piece of cake!” Meaning: It was easy to do
Examples of Idioms: • “Keep your eyes peeled!” • Meaning: • Watch Carefully
Put your money where your mouth is. Meaning: Don’t just talk about something, buy it or invest in it.
You are dead meat! • I’m angry with you. (threatening)
Now think of your OWN idioms to write and illustrate! Or visit: http://www.idiomsbykids.com/
Simile • Comparing two unlike things using the words “like” or “as”
Simile • The 2 unlike things do have to have at least one thing in common though…
Examples of Simile: Jennifer eats like a pig. (Both Jennifer and a pig are messy eaters)
Examples of Simile: • Jake was as happy as a kitten with a new ball of yarn. • (both Jake and the kitten • are happy)
Check out this Simile and Idiom Video Teachers: You’ll need to log on, then if you get a blank screen, hit “refresh”
Now see if you can find the similes on this site:http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112392/simileclassics.html
Onomatopoeia • A word that imitates the sound it describes
Examples of Onomatopoeia: • Bang • Buzz • Crash • Ring
Look at the pictures on this site:http://www.worsleyschool.net/socialarts/onomato/poeia.htmlWhat examples of onomatopoeia can you think of?
Personification • Describing something non-human, as if it were human
Examples of Personification: • Thecouch groaned under the weight of the entire family. • The dog cried pitifully.
Follow this link for more examples!http://www.learnnc.org/media/lessons/JaniceLane5232002893/1Samples.rtf
Hyperbole Huge exaggeration, usually involving humor
Examples of Hyperbole: He was so angry, steam came out of his ears.
Examples ofHyperbole: • She practiced the piano for such a long time, her fingers bled.
Now check out some more examples of hyperbole written by kids! Worsley School Hyperboleand watch the…Simile and Hyperbole Video(5 min) Teachers: You’ll need to log on, then if you get a blank screen, hit “refresh”
Alliteration • Repeating the • first consonant • sound of a word • in neighboring words
Examples of Alliteration: • She sells sea shells • Two tricky trains • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Click here to examine:Alliteration in Poetryand watch this Alliteration Video ClipTeachers: You’ll need to log on, then if you get a blank screen, hit “refresh”
Metaphor • Comparing two unlike things by saying one IS or WAS the other
Examples of Metaphor: • My mother is a blanket, warm and comforting. • The train was a howling monster as it hurtled down the track.
Here are some examples of poems about families that use metaphorshttp://www.teachervision.fen.com/poetry/literary-techniques/5453.htmlListen as your teacher reads them.Then write your own poem about your family using metaphors.