The Ceiling of 2017Armstrong World Industries Michelle Jackson Bryan Krawiec Stacey Triplett Jared Wineberg ED&G 100 Group 8 Section 8 May 2, 2007
Design Activities • Project Management • Hierarchy of Customer Needs • Armstrong • Studio apartment • Problem Statement • Black-Box Model • Concept Generation • Sketches • Morphological Chart • Concept Selection • Pugh Charts • Final Design • CAD Drawings • Prototype • Concluding Remarks • Fulfilled Requirements
Hierarchy of Customer Needs • 4. Decoration • 4.1 Accepts paint • 4.2 Interchangeable panels of different styles for different areas 4.3 Appealing to the eye • 4.4 Modern design in terms of appearance • 4.5 Bright colors • Noise Reduction • 5.1 Acoustic elements to cut down on noise from above • F.4 Reduces noise from interior and exterior sources • Convenience • 6.1 Easy installation • 6.2 Easy to hang objects on ceiling • 6.3 Easy to clean • C.4 Energy efficient • C.5 Reasonable cost • Safety 1.1 Fire retardant 1.2 Water resistant 1.3 Sturdy 1.4 Coating to reduce bacteria C.1 Sprinklers C.2 Smoke detectors • Air Control 2.1 Odor reducing material 2.2 Dehumidifier 2.3 Good ventilation 2.4 Ceiling fan 2.5 Air conditioning system 2.6 Heating system F.1 Purifies air F.2 Keeps heat in apartment • Lighting 3.1 Recessed lighting 3.2 Natural light filtered into apartment space F.3 Provides ample lighting for entire space C.3 Must contain lighting fixtures • 3 Categories • Objectives • Function • Constraints • Weighted based on AHP Matrix
Project Management • Team Leader: Stacey Triplett • E-mails • Sent by Stacey • Every class (three times a week) • What was accomplished • Tasks for next class • Upcoming deadlines
Revised Problem Statement Ultimately, the team’s mission is to create a ceiling for a studio apartment that will be both functional and cost efficient for the apartment contractor, as well as customizable, creative, and useful for the tenant.
Our idea uses Armstrong Industries’ strengths, while allowing for future advancements to become reality.
Concept Generations The parabolic curved light fixture allows to use the full potential of the light emitted from the bulb throughout the room.
Concept Generations A thin layer of gas (inert, Argon) would be sealed in between two panels to hamper sound waves.
Concept Generations A thin layer of wood backing would allow for additional storage, and fetter sagging.
Concept Generations Small, metallic specs would be placed in the tile to reflect more light.
Concept Generations A drop ceiling would cover up the use of acoustical foam, which would aid in sound proofing and a fire proofing.
Concept Generations The ceiling system would encourage modification and customization, including the ability to add a Wi-Fi router or speakers, or other advancements for the future.
Concept Generations The contrast of colors would create an illusion of space and openness, give room for recessed lighting, and allow for easy accessibility to air ducts, wires, and pipes.
Morphological Chart • Team’s concept generation • Grouped concepts into five basic functions • Most promising concepts chosen
Concept Selection Criteria • Safety • Compatible with safety regulations • Lighting • Ability for light to diffuse around the room • Acoustic • Ability to absorb and block sound • Air Control • Air flow and temperature • Decoration • Appearance to the customer • Convenience • Availability of materials • Ability to be manufactured and constructed
Pugh Charts Acoustics Temperature Control
Pugh Charts Lighting
Pugh Charts Customizability Strength
Final Design Pugh Chart • Final Design Includes: • Material Layer Panels (Armstrong) • Parabolic Light • Built-in Speakers and Wi-Fi • Wood Layer Panel
Materials List • The quantities obtained in the table were analyzed for a typical sixteen by nineteen foot studio apartment • The costs in the table were tabulated from Armstrong and retail distributor values • The average total costs per square foot was approx. $30.62 in materials • The Complexity Factor was 1.3 • Taking materials and labor into consideration, the entire project as of 2017 dollars would be $13793.51
Engineering Analysis • Cost Calculations for one square foot: • Panels: $4.55 per square foot • Cables: $0.18 per foot– Approx. 1 foot cable per square foot = $0.18 per square foot • Suspension Clips: $1.56 per foot cable = $1.56 per square foot • Aluminum: $11 per square foot • Plywood: $10 per square foot • Paint: $20 per gallon—Approx. 5 gallons for the room = $0.33 per square foot • Light bulb= $3 per bulb = Max of $3 per square foot • Total: $30.62 per square foot
Engineering Analysis • Max budget was approx. $80- 120 per square foot • The team calculated $29 per square foot • This is relatively cheap and ideal for a studio apartment owner
Concluding Remarks • Met Our Customer Needs • Studio apartment tenants • Armstrong • Within Budget • Adaptable for the future