KOREAN TRADITIONAL CLOTHING VirgiantPutriSavira NPM : 17212606
PROLOGUE Clothes is one of human needs besides food and shelter. As humans, of course we need clothes to keep our body clean and comfort. Clothes itself has various kinds according to the type of model, the use and where it came from. And also, clothes has its own aesthetic value on each kind. Hanbok is a traditional clothing from Korea or also commonly called Joseon-ot by Korean people. All ages and class can use it. But there are differences in colors and patterns of each class in the past.
HANBOK • Traditional clothing of Korea is called “Hanbok”, which came from the words Han and Bok. • Han (한)standsHanguk (한국)that means Korea. • Bok (복) that means clothes. • So, Hanbok is clothes of korean.
Hanbok usually made using collaboration of bright colors, harmonious and elegant, with beautiful lines and no pockets. Usually used for formal and semi-formal of party or traditional festival celebration, such as chuseok (Korean’s thanksgiving day).
One of the fundamental aspects of the Hanbok are simple lines but beautiful. A Japanese master, YanagiMuneyoshi (1889-1961) said that the main characteristic of Korean’s art is beautiful line. Besides the line also symbolized by woman’s hair and of course silhouette of Hanbok. In Korean, the word texture or gyeol not just mean fabric wave or a naturally occurring form, but it also means wisdom and sanctity of Korean woman. And Korean expressing texture through lines that flow naturally in Hanbok, their traditional clothing.
In the past, Hanbok coloration used natural ingredients. Such as red from red petals, etc. The form of Hanbok that narrow at the top but wide at the bottom. The top part fit with body size so it looks elegant and the bottom part is flexible, so it increase the elegance of the user, also to hide user’s bottom body part.
White • White is the most common color and usually used by ordinary people. It’s symbolizing purity of the soul. • Red • -Red means good fortune and wealth, so it usually used by bride. • Indigo • Indigo means consistency. It used for skirt color of woman in court and as official color for robes of court staff. • Black • Black is a symbol of infinity and is the source of creation. Used for the color of man’s cap. • Yellow • -Yellow means center of the universe. Used for oversized clothing of royal family. Ordinary people. Ordinary people usually prohibited to use yellow.
Jeogori The top part of Hanbok. For guy, the size is bigger and the style is kind of simple. While for woman is shorter and kind of curve and has a soft decoration. If Jeogori is short sleeve, it’s called Baerae. B. Deongjong Deongjong is white collar of Hanbok.
C. Otgoreum Cloth (ribbon like) that knotted on Hanbok, also to tie up the Jeogori . The function is as button substitute. How to knot The Otgoreum : Devide the cloth-ribbon-like into two sides. The left side (A) and the right side (B). Put (A) above (B). Make (A) go around (B) and then pull it up. With a length approximately 10 cm, fold (B). Make (A) go around again (tied up). Pull it up and then neat it.
D. Sokbaji Underwear which has a form like pants. E. Sokchima Underwear which has a form like skirt. F. Chima Skirt on Hanbok. There are so many kind of Chima, such as single or double fold.
G. Beoseon Socks. H. Pattern Composition of design, lines and blend of colors. I. Kkotsin Name for shoes that made from silk.
J. Durumagi Outer that worn to warm our body when winter.
Men Accessories Cap that used with robes official. Cap that can used by everyone in any-clan. Winter cap that used by men and woman to hide our forehead, neck and ears.
Woman Accessories Jokduri Crown that complete the bridal dress. Hwagwan Crown to complete bridal dress but looks more luxurious than Jokduri. Jobawi Woman’s winter cap Dwikkoji Accessories for woman in JoseonDinasty. Daenggi Ribbon that used to tie and to decorate long hair.
Hanbokalso has so many kind of type, such as Hanbok for royal family, royal servants, noble, wedding, mortality, kids till the modern ones. Hanbokuntukkeluargakerajaan Ganryongpo - King’s cloth. Hongryongpo - Daily clothes of King. Hwangwonsam - Daily clothes of Queen.
Wedding Hanbok Usually called Hwarot. Generally has pattern and contrast color, more luxurious and with complete accessories.
Modern Hanbok had been changed a lot of lines, but it keep the typical elements. Such as otgereum (cloth that ribbon-like on jeogori).
Reference http://tazkiana.wordpress.com/2009/08/29/hanbok-mengenal-pakaian-tradisional-korea/ http://karinarisaf.blogspot.com/2011/05/culture-of-korea.html http://biologyjjang.blogspot.com/2011/02/hanbok-pakaian-tradisional-korea.html http://putresina.blogspot.com/2011/07/see-hanbok-pakaian-tradisional-korea.html http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanbok http://lestaritania.blogdetik.com/2011/12/14/berkenalan-dengan-hanbok/ http://shiningshineenasworld.wordpress.com/2010/10/27/hanbok-pakaian-tradisional-korea-yang-unik-dan-santun/