Islam • A monotheistic religion; belief in one god. • Islam started in the Middle East in the ArabianPeninsula in 622 A.D. • Islam means submission , obedience, or peace
Muslim • Muslim, one who believes, a follower of Islam • Muslims worship the same one God of Christians and Jews • ALLAH is the Arabic word for God
Islam • Muhammad—Prophet • Revelation ---a divine message from god • Archangel Gabriel—messenger who revealed Allah’s divine message to Muhammad
Muhammad the Prophet • Muhammad was born in Mecca 570 A.D. • Mecca – people practiced a polytheistic religion, many gods and goddesses. • Kaaba—a temple built by Abraham and Ishmael. The Kaaba held the idols of many gods and goddesses.
Muhammad the Prophet • Muhammad revealed the message to the citizens of Mecca. • Citizens of Mecca would not give up their many gods and goddesses. • Muhammad travelled to Medina in 622 A.D. known as Hegira. • Muhammad returns to Mecca with an army and takes control of Mecca.
Islam • Quran—holy book of Islam • Mecca—holy city of Islam • Allah—Arabic word for God • Mosque- Muslim house of worship • Hajj—holy pilgrimage to Mecca
FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM • Faith • Prayer • Alms—give to the poor • Fasting— • Pilgrimage to Mecca
How did the religion of Islam change the culture and economy of Mecca? Muhammad conquered the city of Mecca and made it a holy city of Islam. Polytheistic religious beliefs were replaced with a monotheistic religion, Islam. The Kaaba, which once housed the statues of many gods and goddesses, was dedicated as a temple to Allah.
How did the religion of Islam change the culture and economy of Mecca? • The Quran – the holy book of Islam • Islam’s laws cover daily life and how society should be run.
How did Islam shape politics in Mecca? • Muhammad created a government that was based on Islamic Law. • Islamic State– no separation of religion and government. • All Muslims were loyal to the Islamic State