Why Study Geography? • http://www.hark.com/clips/hwtpzdyvns-i-have-no-clue
Geography- study of the earth and its features, including human life and the effects of human activity. • Two main types: 1) Physical Geography 2) Human Geography
Physical Geography • Study of the physical features of the earth • Focuses on natural features
Human Geography • Study of human landscape, examines the relationship between humans and their environment.
What we need to do is combine the two ideas. Take Mt. Everest for example.
Physical Map • A physical map shows the physical features or lay of the land, such as where mountains, canyons, and rivers are.
Political Map • A political map is designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, counties, and the location of major cities.
Thematic Map • Designed to show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area.
Birth Rate • The ratio of total live births to total population. It is often expressed as the number of live births per 1,000 of the population. • Ex. - 15,000 live births - population of 1,000,000 people - Divide both by 1,000, birth rate is 15 per 1,000 people
Death Rate • The ratio of total deaths to total population in a specified community. Expressed as the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population.
Infant Mortality Rate • The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year for 1,000 that are born. • This is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) • GDP - Measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period • Per capita – per person
Longitude • The position east or west of the prime meridian.
Latitude • The position north or south of the earth's equator
First World – the highly developed industrialized nations often considered the westernized countries of the world • Second World – country that is more stable and more developed than a third-world country but less-stable and less-developed than a first-world country, “emerging” • Third World – theunderdevelopednations of the world, especially those withwidespread poverty.
First World • Ex. U.S., England, France
Second World • Ex. Russia, Czech Republic, Croatia, China