Components of Electrical System • Voltage source = generator/batteries • Conductor = wires • Control Element = switch • Load = light bulb, motors, appliances
Alternating Current • Electrons flow back and forth 60 times per second • Electrons travel in bidirectional path in circuit EXAMPLES Power generated from power plant Travels over long distance to your home or business VOLTAGE amounts 120v 208v 240v 480v Advantages? Disadvantages?
Direct Current • Maintains a constant value • Electrons travel in a Unidirectional path, point to point EXAMPLES Batteries are the most common source of DC Primary Cells are intended for 1 use Secondary Cells can be recharges for multiple use
In its simplest form a battery consists of two different metal (copper&zinc) plates called electrodes which are dipped into an acid solution called electrolytes The cell then produces current through the path of the two metals Battery Construction
Primary cells Nonrechargeable Alkaline Carbon-Zinc Lithium Mercury Silver-Oxide Secondary cells Rechargeable Lead-Acid Nickel-Iron Nickel-Cadmium Lead-Calcium Silver-Zinc Battery types
Wire Switch Lamp Load Battery AC power ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS