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Transportation & Sustainability: Options & Opportunity

Transportation & Sustainability: Options & Opportunity

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Transportation & Sustainability: Options & Opportunity

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  1. Transportation & Sustainability:Options & Opportunity Anne Tazewell NC Solar Center / NC State University 919-513-7831 cleantransportation@ncsu.edu www.cleantransportation.org

  2. Presentation Outline • The Clean Fuel Advanced Technology Project • The Importance of Clean Transportation • Green Driving / Fleet Practices • Alternative Fuels Overview

  3. Reducing transportation related emissions through: Education, Outreach, Recognition Expansion of alternative fuel infrastructure & vehicles Statewide partnership Sponsored by NCDOT with federal CMAQ funding Clean Fuel Advanced Technology 2013-2015

  4. Section 1 NC Air Quality & Health

  5. North Carolina Air Quality 24 counties do not meet national air quality standards for ozone.

  6. 42% of the nation lives where pollution levels are dangerous http://www.stateoftheair.org/2013/key-findings/ Health Impacts of Vehicle Emissions

  7. Health Impacts of Vehicle Emissions

  8. CO2 and Climate Change Indicates anomalies by comparing recorded annual temp. values against a long-term avg. Greenhouse Effect: increased levels of CO2 in the atmosphere trap solar radiation….the earth warms... http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/indicators/weather-climate/temperature.html

  9. Section 2 National Trends in Fuel and Vehicles

  10. Demand • Growing and industrializing world Petroleum Economics • Supply • Exists, but harder to get • Many nations historically unfriendly to US Average US household spent $3,000 annually on gasoline in 2010 Economics & Statistic Administration U.S. Dept of Commerce http://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=33&t=6

  11. Emission Standards: Cleaner Vehicles

  12. Fuel economy standard for passenger vehicles from MY1978-2025

  13. Heavy Duty Emissions • Late 2006 - All diesel is Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel • 2007-2010 “Clean” Engine phase-in, heavy duty trucks • Lowered NOx 96% & PM 90% compared to 1994 • Increased cost of conventional vehicles

  14. Alternative Fuel Requirements 1992 Federal Energy Policy Act 2004-2005 North Carolina budget provision 19.5 2009 Executive Order 13514 2007 U.S. Energy Independence & Security Act (EISA) Renewable Fuels Standard Biofuel provisions

  15. Section 3 NC Economic Development

  16. Clean Transportation & NC Economy

  17. Section 4 Clean Transportation Solutions - Overview

  18. Clean Transportation Solutions There is no silver bullet! • Efficiency • VMT Reduction Programs • Idle Reduction • Alternative fuels • Advanced technology vehicles

  19. Efficiency Get more out of what you use: Eco Driving Proper vehicle maintenance (proper tune-ups, filter changes, engine lubes, tire inflation) Lower speeds and slower accelerations Using overdrive gears and cruise control Removing excess weight “Right size” vehicle for the job and when purchasing get most fuel-efficient/least emissions vehicle Eliminate unnecessary idling For every 5 mph over 60, your fuel efficiency decreases by 7%

  20. VMT Reduction Programs Reduce Use: Combine or avoid trips through phone and video conferencing Carpool Adjust routes Use public transit, walk, bike

  21. Laws and Fines

  22. Idle Reduction • Idling is Expensive • $20 billion per year in US • Idling is often restricted • Idling Pollutes • Idle reduction can be • cheap and quick

  23. Idle Reduction TechnologiesLight Duty and Heavy-Duty Vehicles

  24. Section 6 Clean Transportation Technologies

  25. Section 6A Clean Transportation Technologies Fuels

  26. Natural Gas Decreased emissions of NOx Reduced fuel costs Low carbon density Excellent choice for: Refuse Transit Delivery High mileage fleet applications

  27. Propane Decreased emissions of NOx Lower cost fuel, fueling and conversion No loss of performance Excellent choice for: First responders Para-transit

  28. CNG and LPG Considerations Reduced emissions Energy security Cost savings Established distribution network

  29. Biodiesel Decreased emissions Non-toxic and safe Often higher cost fuel No conversion required Excellent choice for: Existing vehicles Local economy

  30. Decreased emissions Can be low-cost Lower energy density No conversion required Excellent choice for: Existing vehicles Local economy E85 Air Quality Benefits: Criteria Pollutant Emissions Ethanol http://greet.es.anl.gov/afleet/

  31. Ethanol: Food vs Fuel? Field corn, not sweet corn Field Corn is a raw material refined into: Starch Sweeteners Oil Meal Animal Feed Ethanol

  32. Cellulosic Ethanol KiOR – Columbus, MS POET – Emmetsburg, Iowa Alpha – Clinton, NC

  33. Section 6B Clean Transportation Technologies Vehicles

  34. Reduced fuel costs & emissions • Components: • Petrol & electric motors • Battery storage • Regenerative braking • 66 vehicle models in 2014 Hybrid Electric Vehicles Source: http://www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/data/vehicles.html

  35. Lithium-ion battery pack & electric motor • 10 - 75 mile all-electric range • Plug into a 120V or 240V outlet • 2013-14 models include: • Cadillac ELR • Chevy Volt • Ford C-MAX Energi • Ford Fusion Energi • Honda Accord • Toyota Prius Plug In • C-Max Energi • all electric, 75mi range • gas and electric, 600mi range Plug In Hybrid Electric Vehicles • Chevy Volt • all electric, 40mi range • standard gas engine 38 mpg • Currently best selling PEV (Sept ‘13)

  36. Electric Vehicles Potential for zero emissions 57% less CO2 in NC 50-70 cents per gallon equivalent 75-120 mile avg range Enhanced performance Many options and applications Increased availability of charging & Standardized plugs NC is ready!

  37. Ford Focus Electric • all-electric, 76 mi range • Nissan Leaf • all-electric, 70-100 mi range Selected EVs Available in NC Mitsubishi I • Honda Fit EV • All electric, 83 mi range • all electric 62 mile range Up to $7,500 federal tax credit for electric vehicles!

  38. Natural Gas Vehicles • Dedicated & Bi-fuel options • Soon on state contract • Models from Ford, Honda, GM, Cummins Westport • Warranties on many EPA certified up-fits • NC Clean Transportation Technology Industry Directory www.cleantransportation.org

  39. Propane Vehicles • Dedicated & Bi-fuel options • Soon on state contract • Models from Freightliner, Thomas Built, Roush (Ford) & Bluebird • Warranties on many EPA certified up-fits • NC Clean Transportation Technology Industry Directory www.cleantransportation.org

  40. Jaguar XJ Jaguar XJL Jeep Grand Cherokee Land Rover Range Rover Lincoln Navigator Mercedes –Benz C300 Mercedes-Benz E350 Mercedes-Benz ML350 Nissan Armada Nissan Titan Ram 1500 Ram C/V Toyota Sequoia Toyota Tundra Volkswagen Routan Audi A4 quattro Audi A5 Cabriolet quattro Audi A5 quattro Audi Q5 Bentley Continental Bentley Flying Spur Buick Lacrosse Cadillac Escalade Chevrolet Captiva Chevrolet Captiva Chevrolet Equinox Chevrolet Express 1500 Chevrolet Impala Chevrolet Impala Chevrolet Silverado Chevrolet Suburban Chevrolet Tahoe Chrysler 200 Chrysler 300 Dodge Avenger Dodge Charger Dodge Durango Dodge Grand Caravan Dodge Journey Ford E150 Ford E250 Ford Expedition Ford Explorer Ford Focus Ford Taurus GMC Savana GMC Sierra GMC Terrain GMC Yukon Denali GMC Yukon Jaguar XF 2014 E85 Flex Fuel Vehicles (FFVS) For annual list of FFVs visit www.cleantransportation.org OR http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/powerSearch.jsp?keep=1&tabView=0

  41. Diesel Retrofit Technologies Diesel Particulate Filters (DPF) Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC) Closed Crankcase Ventilation Check EPA website for verified technology list http://epa.gov/cleandiesel/verification/verif-list.htm

  42. Section 7 Resources and Next Steps

  43. Local/Regional Level Triangle Clean Cities Coalition (Raleigh-Durham) www.trianglecleancities.org Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition (Charlotte) www.4cleanfuels.com Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition (Asheville) www.cleanvehiclescoalition.org State and Local Resources State Level NC Solar Center www.cleantransportation.org N.C. Dept of Transportation www.ncdot.gov/travel/drivegreen/

  44. Federal Resources • EPA’s Green Vehicle Guide • DOE’s Fuel Economy Guides • New vehicle stickers http://www.nhtsa.gov/Laws+&+Regulations/CAFE+-+Fuel+Economy/Fuel+economy+and+environment+label

  45. SAVE THE DATES! October 22-24,2014 Southeast Alternative Fuels Conference & Expo Raleigh Convention Center Raleigh NC Website coming end of Nov: www.altfuelsconference.org