Community Resilience – Some Experience from ScotlandRalph ThropHead of Community Resilience PolicyThe Scottish Government
Aims and Objectives Scottish Government Strategic Objectives: Safer and stronger Greener Healthier Wealthier Smarter Resilience Aim: “Scotland is as prepared as possible to deal with the consequences of any national or local emergency…..”
“We live in a brittle society” “Next generation resilience relies on citizens and communities, not the institutions of the state” Edwards (2009)
Scotland – some background • Similar size, climate, population and GDP per capita to the Republic of Ireland. • Devolved government – with responsibility for managing the consequences of emergencies. • 32 unitary local authorities (statutory responders). • 1200 community councils. • 45,000 voluntary sector organisations, supported by a 3rd Sector Interface in each LA area.
Resilience in Scotland • Underpinning principles: • Worst-case scenarios are the benchmark • Public, private and voluntary sectors need to work together • Horizon scanning • Long-term view necessary • Generic planning – for anything, not everything
Highlands & Islands Grampian Central Tayside Fife Strathclyde Dumfries & Galloway Lothian & Borders Strategic Co-ordinating Groups
What is community resilience? “Communities and individuals harnessing resources and expertise to help themselves prepare for, respond to and recover from emergencies, in a way that complements the work of the emergency responders”
What do we mean by Community? • Geographical communities • Communities of: • Circumstance • Interest • Practitioners • Geographic most relevant - but potential to work with voluntary groups, business sector and wider “networks”
COMMUNITY * RESILIENCE * Awareness Assets Activism
What Can Government Do? Improve understanding of risk Increase awareness of importance to act Facilitate liaison & development Support new ideas & approaches – pilots Provide Guidance, advice & support“Myth busting” All to encourage behaviour change Work under way in all these areas
Encouraging integration of the voluntary sector with responders. • Resilience Advisory Board (Voluntary Sector) group – bringing together responders and the voluntary sector • Twice yearly meetings – discussions at the heart of policy • Summer seminar – updates, sharing good practice and joint exercising. • Voluntary Emergency Responders Guide • Local good practice – Central SCG
Integrating resilience into the schools curriculum • Developing a “Ready for emergencies” resource for teachers which allows them to teach resilience as part of the curriculum. • With Borders council, developing a tool to raise awareness of resilience in schools to promote community development.
Guide to emergency planning for community groups • A step by step guide to making a community emergency plan for community groups • Where to go for help and advice • Published on Ready Scotland • Templates – not branded,can be used or adapted.
Conclusion • SG is working with partners to provide a strategic direction, and some tools, to help build community resilience. • We’ve developed guidance and tools, helped develop and highlighted some good practice and helped people share their experiences. • Work in progress where next? • Rolling out the use of tools and guidance across the country • Can the private sector contribute more? • Working with poorer urban communities • Communicating about risk in plain English • Good practice examples and advice are available at: ReadyScotland.org.uk