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Pre-conference workshop: The Social Protection Floor Initiative Thailand Worawan Chandoevwit Research Director (Social Security) Thailand Development Research Institute Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre June 10, 2010 Social Protection in Thailand Coverage and financing
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Pre-conference workshop:The Social Protection Floor InitiativeThailand Worawan Chandoevwit Research Director (Social Security) Thailand Development Research Institute Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre June 10, 2010
Social Protection in Thailand • Coverage and financing • Learning from Thailand’s experience THAILAND
Coverage of Social Protection Schemes Notes: GPF = Government Pension Fund, WCF = Workmen’s Compensation Fund, SSF = Social Security Fund, PSTWF = Private School Teacher Welfare Fund UC = Universal Health-care Coverage Contributory scheme Non-contributory scheme
Non-Contributory Social Protection Schemes • Financed by general tax revenues. • Government officials or civil servants receive medical care, pension, child allowance, death and disability benefits. • State-enterprise employee receives the same types of benefits as private employee, except they do not receive pension. • The non-contributory social protection scheme for non-employees is the universal healthcare coverage, started in 2001. • Social Assistance for the needy.
Social Assistance • Social assistance programs in Thailand were initiated in 1941. • Target groups for social assistance are children, disadvantaged women, seniors, disabled individuals, homeless and beggars, low-income persons, ethnic minority, family in need, and people suffered from natural disaster. • Social assistance programs focus on counseling, training, in-kind assistance, and emergency accommodation. • Cash benefits are provided to disabled individuals, poor elderly and children whose parents are HIV infected receive cash assistance. • The cash assistance programs are not universal. The decision for providing benefits is decentralized to local government, which means that recipients are based on selection by provincial administrator and Tambon Administration Organization (TAO). • Monetary assistance has been low since the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security received a small budget compared to other ministries. POOR MINISTRY TAKES CARE OF THE POOR AND UNDER PRIVILEDGE.
Contributory Social Protection Schemes • Financed by stakeholders • Social Security Fund and Workmen’s Compensation Fund for private employee in non-agricultural sector. • Private School Teacher Welfare Fund – for private school teacher. • Provident Fund – for state enterprise employee and private employee. • Government Pension Fund – defined contribution