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COMIC STRIPS

COMIC STRIPS

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COMIC STRIPS

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  1. COMIC STRIPS QUIDELINES

  2. Comic strips “… eye candy, or food for thought?”

  3. Storytelling Problem solving Decision making Creativity Self expression COMIC STRIPS Sequencing Artistic skills Computer skills

  4. DEFINITION • A comic strip is a common form of comics (a general term to also include editorial or gag cartoons and comic books or graphic novels). • The term graphic novel is now established for the longer and more novel-like coherent story, and • the term sequential art is also suggested by Will Eisner .

  5. FORM & USE • It is a medium which combines text and visual information • It has the form of a collated sequence of drawings or pictures arranged in interrelated panels to display with text in balloons and captions. • It is used to express ideas, brief humor or form a narrative: It can be humorous or satirical but also may take the form of adventure story and even soap-opera continuity strip. • When used to tell a story it has the 3 main parts of a story: (Setting, Characters, Plot)

  6. WHERE • Often published in daily newspapers, with horizontal strips, printed in black-and-white. Sunday newspapers offered longer sequences in special colour section. • Web comics/online comics/internet comics, are available on the Internet and reach large audiences.Web comics can make use of an infinite canvas thus not constrained by size or dimensions of a page.

  7. common stip creators • Strips are written and drawn by a comics artist or cartoonist • Today due to technology more and more people express themselves via comic strips • mixed media and digital technology have become common.

  8. specialists • Typically one creator produces the whole strip. • Sometimes • a writer carries out the script and • an artist (with or without additional assistant artists) the drawing of the art . In some cases, one artist draws key figures/the characters while another does only backgrounds (common in Japan). • In American superhero comic books, • a penciller lays out the artwork in pencil; • an inker finishes the artwork in ink; • a colourist applies colours • a letterer adds the captions and speech balloons. Even if many strips are the work of two people, one signature is displayed

  9. Cartoon Strip as a Medium A comic strip is considered to be a page-based story-telling through a sequence of frames similar to a filmed sequence of shots so All strips use the basic film conventions: • angle (high, straight, low, canted) • zoom in/out • shot-reverse shot • eyeline match • Direction: left-right, top-bottom (in West) • Colour: black and white or coloured • use of shot distance (ELS, LS, MS, MCU, CU, ECU)

  10. Structures (1) Micro-structures: inter-frame relationships: • shot-reverse shot • zoom in/out • repetition, contrast • Q/A • moment-moment • action-action • subject-subject • scene-scene • aspect-aspect • non-sequitur • flash-forwards • flashback

  11. Structures (2) Macro-structures : Consistent style:narrative structure e.g. • beginning (setting/ characters/ actions) • middle (problem, effect) • possible solution/ cliffhanger OR similar to a mainstream film and television e.g. 4-act structure • setup, • complication, • development, • resolution From Marchant, S. (2006) The Computer Cartoon Kit (with CD-ROM of images). Lewes: Ilex. Digital images & instructions provided!

  12. THE MAIN FEATURES TITLE A CAPTION :A BOX (USUALLY RECTANGULAR) USED FOR NARRATION PANEL/FRAME GUTTER TEXT IS USUALLY IN CAPITALS SPEECH BUBBLE MOTION LINES

  13. FEATURES (1) The story (in form of pictures or drawings) is • arranged in “panels” or boxes. • separated out by the “gutter” the empty space surrounding them.

  14. FEATURES (2) • The narratives are shown in caption boxes, usually coloured, to differentiate from speech.

  15. FEATURES (3) • Speech bubbles, usually round or square, use a tail pointing to the character’s mouth to indicate speaking out loud. • Text, usually all in capitals I HAVE THE SOLUTION..

  16. FEATURES (4) • A scream bubble, with a jagged outline or a thicker line and usually larger • Text, bolder than normal letters (the character is screaming). WHAAAAA

  17. FEATURES (5) • Broadcast bubbles, with a jagged tail like a lightning flash shape • Text, letters sometimes italicised to indicate communication through an electronic device (telephone, radio, TV) …cartoon time…

  18. FEATURES (6) • A whisper bubble, with a dashed/dotted outline • Text, smaller letters and a paler (grey) writing (the speaker is talking in a softer or quieter tone). …AND THEN SHE…

  19. FEATURES (7) • Thought bubbles, cloud-shaped word bubbles (the character is not talking loud) HMMMM!

  20. FEATURES (8) Action words sounds can be heard and help the image make an impact. Examples: POW!the sound of a blow BAM!the sound of a hard blow or to show something happening abruptly SKREEECH!a car sliding around a corner KABOOOM! the sound of an explosion • Usually in coloured jagged splats • Text all in capitals • Exclamations are quite often

  21. Analysing a Comic Strip • Identify modal elements & their reasons for use • Identify target reader and genre • Identify stages in the narrative • Evaluate artistry • Evaluate representations e.g. stereotypes, non-stereotypes

  22. Creating a comic strip 1. Planning • Identify purpose, target audience and genre • Create draft storyboard • Decide on characters ,settings, pros 2. Producing • Collect/shoot/scan/upload images/photos • Create writing content • Use appropriate software to edit comic strip 3. Sharing • Save in format for distribution (e.g. pdf) • Print /share

  23. TERMINOLOGY TITLE: the name of the creation PANEL/FRAME: individual images containing a segment of action often surrounded by a border CAPTION: a box (usually rectangular) for narration. Captions can give voice to a narrator, convey characters' dialogue or thoughts,or indicate place or time SOUND EFFECT/SFXor ONOMATOPOEIA: The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g. cuckoo, sizzle) SYMBOLS/EMANATA: graphic signs used to convey information that goes beyond what could be perceived visually : e.g. sweat beads (for fear or anxiety), light bulb (for idea) GUTTER: the gap among panels to indicate narrative and temporality; the major place for meaning making. SPEECH /BUBBLE balloons: indicate dialogue (or thought MOTION LINES /movement lines /action lines /speed lines/zip ribbons: the abstract lines that appear behind a moving object or person, parallel to its direction of movement, to make it appear as if it is moving quickly. MANGA: Japanese graphic novels, telling translated tales of romance, adventure, and politics. ENCAPSULATION: the process through which prime moments in a narrative are broken down into panels. CARICATURE: an exaggeration of personal characteristics, usually in picture form PERSONIFICATION: attributing human characteristics to animals or objects

  24. RECOURCES https://www.tes.co.uk/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comic_strip http://www.britannica.com/art/comic-strip http://comicsforum.org/2013/02/25/chercher-dans-le-noir-the-gap-as-motif-in-caboto-by-lorenzo-mattotti-and-jorge-zentner-by-barbara-uhlig/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodolphe_T%C3%B6pffer#/media/File:Toepffer_Cryptogame_13.png https://spot.pcc.edu/~mdembrow/glossary.htm http://blog.visualmotive.com/2009/understanding-comics-with-scott-mccloud/ http://comicsforum.org/2013/07/26/list-of-terms-for-comics-studies-by-andrei-molotiu/ Glykeria Gkouvatsou