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  1. BASIC WRITING SKILLS Introduction to Grammar

  2. Why is Grammar Important?

  3. A panda walks into a café. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and proceeds to fire it at the other patrons.“Why?” asks the confused, surviving waiter amidst the carnage, as the panda makes towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder.“Well, I'm a panda,” he says at the door. “Look it up.”The waiter turns to the relevant entry in the manual and, sure enough, finds an explanation. “Panda. Large black-and-white bear-like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves.”Eats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation, Lynne Truss

  4. Consequences of Mis-punctuation A woman, without her man, is nothing. A woman: without her, man is nothing.

  5. Grammar Errors in Everyday Life



  8. Perhaps a good set of encyclopedias would prevent such embarrassments in the future ....

  9. For special occasions, Google often changes the logo on its web page to reflect the theme of the holiday. This Google logo is from February 14:

  10. Colgate really means business! Its "Total" product claims to fight 12 teeth in addition to gum problems. I wonder if the formulation is smart enough to know exactly which 12 teeth need to be fought in any given mouth....

  11. Grammar rules exist for a reason!

  12. Parts of Speech

  13. Parts of Speech? • Explains NOT what a word is, BUT how is it used • A word’s part of speech can change from one sentence to the next • The same word can be a noun in one sentence and verb or adjective in another sentence • We are going to learn how to identify and use parts of speech

  14. There are eight parts of speech: • Noun • Verb • Pronoun • Adjective • Adverb • Preposition • Conjunction • Interjection

  15. Noun • Names a person, place, thing, idea, or quality • Noun Mind Map Handout

  16. NOUN Name people, place, things, ideas, or qualities • Proper Noun: • Names a specific person, place, or thing • Begin with a capital letter * • Ex: Calgary, (your name), October • Collective Noun: • Name a group or collection of people or things • Ex: committee, herd • Common Noun: • Names any person, place, or thing in a general way • Only capitalized if they are at the beginning of a sentence * • Ex: city, girl, game • Abstract Noun: • Name something that cannot be seen by your senses • Ex: happiness, beauty, joy • Concrete Noun: • Something physical that can be felt by your senses • Ex: chocolate, music, house

  17. Forms of Nouns • Singular Noun • Name only one person, place, or thing • Example: bat, apple • Plural Noun • Name more than one person, place, or thing • Example: bats, apples

  18. Forms of Nouns, continued… • Exact Nouns • Add life to your work and give the reader a vivid picture of what you are describing • Too many general nouns can make your writing dull and boring • Example: • The man gave us a container of fruit. • The farmer gave us a bagful of mangoes, papayas, and pineapples. • The second sentence is much more interesting because it uses exact nouns. It helps the reader to visualize what the writer is describing.

  19. Verb • Express action or being

  20. Pronoun • Takes the place of nouns

  21. Adjective • Describe or modify nouns or pronouns

  22. Adverb • Describe or modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs

  23. Preposition • Relate nouns or pronouns to other words in a sentences

  24. Conjunction • Join words or groups of words • For example: couldn’t, shouldn’t, wouldn’t • In formal pieces of writing (assignments, essays, etc.), do not use conjunctions!

  25. Interjection • Express emotion or feeling