science technology and medical education l.
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  1. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL EDUCATION • Science • Technology • Materia medica • Medical education

  2. SEMINAR ON MEDICAL EDUCATION Fourier, a French mathematician was in Egypt with Napoleon in 1799. He postulated several formulae in 1820’s. The full use of his work came from reconstructing CT images in 1970s. By that time, the technology of X-rays, tomography, radiation and its detection, electronics at room temperature all these were made use of in computing acquired data, their analysis and the resultant output as a coherent image. Each of the above mentioned steps has its own fascinating history.

  3. It is so easy now to say: what about this patient’s CT. Not less than 40 casualty patients per day have a CT done for them in any of the major hospitals. This example shows us that Fourier did not have the technology that appeared 150 years later. It did not, however, stop him from formulating his equations. Fourier was a scientist.

  4. Einsteinin 1915 set the scientific basis for what was later to be known as lasers. It is needless to say the multiple uses that are made today in modern medicine.

  5. In parallel, Mendel 1850's wrote the basis of phenotypes and genotypes based on observation on the common pea flower. Nowadays the science of Genomics is here with its evolution in the last 50 years through both science and technology.

  6. What about medicine? Medicine uses all these scientific and technological advances for better diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

  7. We live in rapidly evolving times. The 1990's have seen the birth of the internet (WWW). It has become a part of our lives and is becoming a part of our culture, I foresee, in very few years, each one of our young physicians with a Personal Digital Assistant ( PDA) in his pocket instead of the notebook and pencil.

  8. He will be constantly connected through a hot node and data transfer will be easy and instantaneous. Picture archiving and communication systems ( PACS) will be widely available in hospitals. Distance learning and conferencing will be much more accessible.

  9. TEAM WORK It will be much easier to work as a TEAM through communication. The education and cultural systems should aim at encouraging this type of learning within TEAMS.

  10. It is very difficult for any person nowadays to acquire a state of the art knowledge of science, technological development and at the same time the required medical skills. Assignments should be made to groups and not to individuals and notes given to the most creative ones. It is only through different teaching and learning systems that we will achieve INNOVATIVE progress as individuals, groups and nations.

  11. VIRTUAL REALITIES Technologies will be part of our training with simulation programs.

  12. Since their introduction in 1996, HMDs (Head Mounted Displays) have established themselves as the premier patient distraction and entertainment system within the dental industry. The reason for this is simple; HMDs are the only video entertainment device that can both immerse and focus the patient's attention away from the procedures being performed. The patented optical design and high resolution micro-display technology combine to deliver a giant screen image with superb clarity. Thousands of dentists, hygienists, doctors and nurses are using our head mounted display systems. For the ultimate in Patient Distraction and Video Entertainment try the i-glasses VIDEO or the V-Real Viewer.

  13. BASIC CURRICULA SHOULD INCLUDE • Biophysics • Biomedical engineering with an insight to the future …. Nanotechnology, virtual reality., their various applications etc. • Molecular biology • Immunology

  14. ACTUAL MEDICAL EDUCATION WITH INCREASED CONTACT HOURS AT: • Outpatient clinics • Acute medicine and emergency rooms with back up medical and surgical teams • Outgoing teams to study regional community problems • Students medical associations, journal clubs should be encouraged within disciplined frameworks and rewarded. Again credit and actual marks to be given to those students who work within teams … isolationalism should not be permitted anymore.

  15. Lectures should be made available on line … this insures that a lecture has been well prepared, no time is lost taking notes, relevant questions to the professors will be asked and that lectures will be constantly upgraded. • Bench marking and self evaluation programs • Continuous education programs for graduates.

  16. Social occasions help getting people together and renew contacts. Alumni associations help bridging generation gaps and exchange experience particularly with those who have emigrated to developed countries with more advanced tools & systems.

  17. Looking at the future and learning how to prevent disease is again through better knowledge.

  18. This is an example of an Alzheimer’s patient and her PET image …. hopefully a preventable illness in the immediate future.

  19. As we grow older, we have an increased chance of being ill, we shall be treated by our students. If we teach them well we shall be properly managed, if not we shall pay the price