Islam is a rational religion: “The vilest of creatures are those who choose to be deaf and dumb and do not use their reason.” (Qur’an 8:2) • Muhammad reminded his followers that “The first thing God created was reason”. Therefore, believers must take personal responsibility for one’s actions and faith. • There is no duty to help persuade a non-believer to change or to accept Islam. • The Arabic term for God is Allah. Understanding Islam
I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: • And in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord: • Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary: • Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead and buried: He descended into hell: • The third day he rose again from the dead: • He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty: • From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead: I believe in the Holy Ghost: • I believe in the holy catholic church: the communion of saints: • The forgiveness of sins: • The resurrection of the body: • And the life everlasting. Amen. In Christianity..
Christians profess our beliefs through… • The Apostles Creed or the Nicene Creed In Christianity…
There is no one prayer that summarizes all the beliefs… • But there are six tenets of belief… In Islam…
Shahadah is the central prayer for Muslims. It states: • “There is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God” • He is defined as Eternal, Absolute, Infinite, Compassionate and Merciful, the sole Creator and Provider. Belief in one God.
God in Arabic is Allah. • It is preferred over other names because it has no gender affiliation and does not have plurality • Like in the Christian belief, Muslims believe that God is omnipresentandomniscient. Allah is both creator and master, and it is the duty of the followers to submit and to please Him. • Is this similar to the Christian concept of God? Allah
Muslims believe that God used prophets to help spread the message of Islam and surrender to God, since the beginning of humanity. • The Qur’an explains prophets are human and not divine, though some are able to perform miracles to prove their claim. • Noah, Abraham, Moses, and even Jesus are considered important prophets, each revealing the message from the one and only God. They also believe that Muhammad was the final prophet sent by God, “the seal of the prophets”, and that there will be no more. Angels and Prophets
There are four inspired books: • The Torah of Moses • The Psalms of David • The Gospel of Jesus Christ (Injil) • The Qur'an. Muslims believe that all but the Qur'an have been interpreted and changed by Jews and Christians. Holy Scriptures
Muslims believe that every person has a soul that lives on earth for one lifetime and upon death of the body moves on to an afterlife. • God reconfigures the person’s body and decides if the person is sent to paradise or hell. Final Judgment Day
Paradise is described as an eternal abode of beauty and majesty • A just reward for people who have followed one God and lived a good life Hell is described as an abode of torment and anguish. According to Islamic tradition, God doesn’t want to send anyone to hell, but if a person chooses to live an evil life, you will be sent there. Paradise and Hell
Hell can be avoided by sincerely submitting to God and obeying His commands. • In the end, God will judge people’s actions by their intentions and motives. Determination of Good and Evil