WINDOWS BASICS Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal
Mouse terminology • Cursor: • Picture on screen that moves when you move the mouse. Used to point to items on the screen. • Left Click: • click once on the left mouse button • Right Click • click once on the right mouse button • Click • (same as Left Click) • Double Click • click twice (quickly) on the left mouse button • Drag • click on the left mouse button (don't let go) while moving the mouse.
Desktop terminology • desktop • the whole screen • icon • a small picture • taskbar • the bar on the bottom of the desktop • system tray • the rightmost area of the taskbar • start menu • click on the word "start" on the leftmost area of the taskbar to access this menu. The "start menu" contains a list of the programs that are installed on the computer. • sub menu • a menu within a menu • taskbar icon • an icon that is on the taskbar • context sensitive menu • menu that pops up when you "right click" on an item. Different menus will pop up depending on where you right-click.
Program terminology • program • execute / run
Window terminology • Window = the rectangle on the screen that contains the display of a running program • Title bar = bar on top of a window. Contains the "name" of the window. • Active window = the window that is currently “attached” to the keyboard. This window is on “top” of the other windows and has a dark blue title bar.
opening/closing/moving/resizing windows • opening/closing/moving/resizing windows • close button • minimize button • maximize button = double click title bar • restore button = double click title bar • resize • drag window
Window terminology • Portions of a window • menu • pane: portion of a window • separator bar: a line between two panes of a window, can usually drag the bar to resize the panes • scroll bar: 3 different ways to control: • click in empty area • drag "elevator" button • click on arrows on ends of scrollbar • toolbars • toolbar button • tool tip: move cursor over toolbar button and wait 1 second to see a short description of what the button does. Tip disappears after a couple of seconds. • Many programs allow you to choose which tollbars are visible with the "view | toolbars" menu choice • drag a toolbar to "dock" it to a different location
Windows dialog boxes and controls • dialog box: A small window that is launched by a program. Used to interact with the user. • modal dialog box: A dialog box that will not let you work with the application unless you respond to it. • Windows Controls: different types of controls • textbox • radio button • check box • dropdown list • select list • etc.
Context Sensitive Menus • Right clicking usually displays a “context sensitive” menu • This means that the menu choices will be different depending on where you clicked • Example • Right click on empty area of desktop to see one context sensitive menu. • Right click on empty area of taskbar to see a different set of menu choices.
Multiple Document Interface (MDI) • Multiple Document Interface (MDI) • Some programs allow you to open up several windows (child windows) inside the main window (parent window). You can minimize/maximize/close/resize each child window independently inside the parent window. • The Parent window has the standard Minimize/Maximize/Restore butons • Each child window also has its own Minimize/Maximize/Restore buttons • Window menu haschoices to • arrange the child windows or • to select a specific child window
Selecting File selected in Windows Explorer (click on filename) • Most programs allow you to select items by either • clicking with the mouse on an item • or clicking and dragging the mouse around some items. • Selected items are often highlighted in blue (or other colors – see word example) Text selected in Word (click and drag) Cells selected in Excel (click and drag)
If you select multiple items you can work with them as a group. For example you select multiple files in Windows Explorer and then drag the entire group of files to a different folder. Two ways to select multiple files: Shift + click : Selects a contiguous range of items Ctrl + click : Selects multiple individual items (Examples on next two slides) Selecting Multiple Items at Once
Shift + click Selects a contiguous range of items Step 1 click on first item (don’t press shift) Step 2 hold down shiftand click on last itemat same time. Selecting With Shift-Click
Ctrl + click Selects multiple non-contiguous items. Step 1 click on first item (don’t press Ctrl) Step 2 Click on every other item while at the same time pressing Ctrl. Selecting With Ctrl-Click
Select multiple non-contiguous ranges in Excel with Ctrl + click and drag Step 1 click on first cell in first range and drag (don’t press Ctrl) Step 2 While pressing Ctrl click and drag for every other range Whatever you do now will be done to all the selected cells (e.g. change the color for all these cells) Selecting with Ctrl-Click: Excel Example
Clipboard terminology • Clipboard: • area in computer memory that stores information copied from a program • How to use the clipboard • Select information to copy to clipboard • Then do one of the following • copy: either choose "edit | copy" menu or press ctrl-c • cut : either choose "edit | cut" menu or press ctrl-x • Choose location where you want to put the information (in the same or in a different program) • paste: either choose "edit | paste" or press ctrl-v • paste special: choose "edit | paste special" - not in all programs • allows you to paste information from the clipboard in a different format
Common hot keys • Hot Key • a "hot key" is a key sequence that you press on the keyboard to make windows or a program do something. • This involves pressing either the "Alt", "Ctrl" or "Shift" key at the same time as pressing another key on the keyboard. • Some hot key sequences involve pressing 3 keys at the same time. • Common Hot Keys • alt-tab = switch windows (next) • shift-alt-tab = switch windows (previous) • ctrl-c = copy current selection to clipboard • ctrl-x = “cut” (or delete) current selection and put contents on clipboard • ctrl-v = paste clipboard contents into active program • ctrl-esc = show start menu • alt-(underlined letter in menu) = choose menu • PrtScr = copy a picture of the desktop to the clipboard • Ctrl-PrtScr = copy a picture of the active window to the clipboard