Infinitives 广州市第75中学 阮小云
Cambridge Cambridge Cambridge
Read the letter and do the T or F F 1. Debbie is not really thankful to Sammy. ( ) 2. Knowing the cultures and customs, histories and societies of the English-speaking countries is no use for English learning. ( ) 3. Debbie would like to visit quite a few places in the UK. ( ) 4. Debbie is only interested in the British culture, history and society. ( ) 5. From the letter, we know that both Sammy and Debbie are friendly. ( ) F T F T
Read the letter again and underline the infinitives (to+ the base form of the verb，即 to+ 动词原形）in the sentences.
Dear Sammy, I don’t know how to thank you enough for giving me the chance to visit the UK. It’s really my great pleasure to take part in this activity. You know，as a student in China, I have tried my best to learn English well. My teachers always tell me not to learn English just for exams. They said it’s also wrong to learn it just as a language and knowing the cultures and customs, histories and societies of the English-speaking countries can really help us to learn English better. Don’t you agree? 不定式的否定：not +to do
So, this is a big chance for me. I am so excited that I can’t wait to set out for the UK. London, the capital city is the first place I would like to visit. I have seen many amazing pictures of it. I hope to learn much about the British culture and history there. I’m also looking forward to visiting Oxford and Cambridge Universities, the most famous universities in the world. Many famous people and scientists graduated from the two universities. If I am lucky enough, I may see some of them. Of course, I would love to eat the typical English food--- fish and chips. They must be delicious. Moreover, I hopeto meet many other British people and make friends with them. Once again, thank you so much for inviting me to visit the UK. Yours truly, Debbie to :1)介词to, 后面跟名词性的词 2)不定式to，后面跟动词原形
归纳不定式的用法 • I don’t know how to thank you enough… (Question word + to –infinitive作动词know的宾语) 2. …for giving me the chance to visit the UK. （作名词chance的定语） 3. It’s really my great pleasure to take part in this activity. it’s also wrong to learn it just as a language （是真正的主语） 4. I have tried my best to learn English well. I can’t wait to set outfor the UK. （作状语）
(作would like的宾语) • 5. London, the capital city is the first place I would liketo visit. • I hopeto learn much about the British culture and history there. • I hopeto meet many British people and make friends with them. • 6. My teachers always tellmenot to learn English just for exams. • …knowing the cultures and customs, histories and societies of the English-speaking countries can really help usto learn English better. • …thank you so much for inviting meto visit the UK. (作动词hope的宾语) （作宾语补足语)
to hold London is getting ready hold the 30th Olympic Games.
to show • All the athletes have made a decision _______(show) their best performance. 2. No one wants _______(miss) the wonderful games. to miss
how to serve 3. All the volunteers know _________ (how, serve) the guests well.
to take part in 4. Liuxiang is already here ___________ (参加) the 16th Asian Games. 5. We are ______ ______ ____ ____ the best performance of the athletes. 我们期待观看运动员的精彩表现。 looking forward to seeing
Make sentences with the given words according to the pictures. (Work in groups of three.)
try one’s best, work together, beat… do a good job, win, play hard, … sure, confident, win, get a medal, show one’s best performance
Let’s write! Write a passage about the 16th Asian Games and you. (The following is for reference.) Guangzhou is my … It is a … city. Now it is holding …./The Games are …. Many people are working … for …, especially the…. All the athletes have made… I… My favorite athletes….
Homework • Improve your writing. • Complete the exercises in English Weekly.