Gay & Lesbian Parenting Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.
Scientific Evidence • What does the scientific evidence say about effectiveness of Gay & Lesbian parenting? • What does the scientific evidence say about the risk to children? • Statistics on the prevalence of Gay & Lesbian Parenting. • 6-9 million children
Gay and Lesbian Parenting • Legal Issues • Increasing social acceptance of diversity in sexual orientation
Gay and Lesbian Parenting • Why become parents? • What concerns do Gay and Lesbian Parents have?
Legal Issues • More Legal issues • Alternative methods for conception • Legal rights for the non-biological parent • State Laws • Attorneys can prepare medical consent and nomination-of-guardian forms. But… • Formal adoption by co-parents on a case-by-case basis
Discrimination? • Legal justification for prejudice? • Need for empirical support for assumptions • Stereotypes and laws that maintain discriminatory practices • Gay versus non-gay fathers – more similarities than differences
Gay and Lesbian Parenting • Lesbian versus heterosexual Mothers • What are the issues?
Gay and Lesbian Parenting • Report similar role conflicts, social support networks, and coping strategies.
Gay and Lesbian Parenting • Children’s Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation • Are there gender issues? • Study looking at 300 children • Differences between Lesbian Mothers & Single, divorced mothers?
Gay and Lesbian Parenting • What is involved with Optimal Parenting ?
Other Differences? • Emotional Health • Parenting Skills • Attitudes towards parenting • Do parents influence the sexual orientation of their children? Longitudinal study
Gender • Is sex & gender the same thing? • Sex • Gender • How we have constructed the category of woman. • What about race & femininity? • Example: KV Switzer & Katherine Deraba. • Gender changes over time. • The feminine body & the language we use.
Are you a feminist? • What is the Feminist Movement all about? • Do men experience any pressure with their bodies? • What is the role of advertisement. • The selling of “woman”. • Is it a profitable relationship?