Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Idiom Hyperbole
Simile • a comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” • His feet were as big as boats.
Metaphor • comparison is made between two unlike things • Her hair was silk.
Simile or Metaphor? • The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves. • The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack. • The pillow was a cloud after a long day of work. • I feel like a limp dishrag. • Those girls are like two peas in a pod.
Simile or Metaphor • In 5 minutes, come up with as many similes and metaphors for this word as you can. • Chocolate
Onomatopoeia • The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to • I could hear their buzzing, so I knew there was a bee’s nest around here somewhere.
Onomatopoeia • Achoo • Bloop • Clink • Ding • Fizz • Jingle • Sizzle • Zap
Idiom • a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words • Writing an essay is a piece of cake for April.
Hyperbole • a description that is exaggerated for emphasis • I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!