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Exam Questions by Unit UNIT 3. Last Exam Added: Aug 2012. Directions. Click the indicated icon to begin the slide show Press the right arrow key on the keyboard once to reveal the answer Press the right arrow key once more to advance to the next question
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Exam Questions by UnitUNIT 3 Last Exam Added: Aug 2012
Directions • Click the indicated icon to begin the slide show • Press the right arrow key on the keyboard once to reveal the answer • Press the right arrow key once more to advance to the next question • Use the table of contents (slide 3) to advance to a particular topic
Table of Contents • Early Japan: Early Japanese history and feudalism • Mongols: The rise and fall of the Mongols and their impact on Eurasia • Global Trade: Global trade and interactions • African Civilizations: Rise and fall of African civilizations: Ghana, Mali, Axum, and Songhai empires • The Plague: Social, economic, and political impacts of the plague on Eurasia and Africa • The Renaissance: Renaissance and humanism • Reformation: Reformation and Counter Reformation • Rise of European Nation-States: The rise and impact of European nation-states/decline of feudalism
Early Japan One role Korea had in the development of East Asia was (1) protecting China from a Japanese invasion along China’s western frontier (2) challenging Japan for control of Southeast Asian islands (3) allying itself with the Vietnamese to conquer China (4) passing cultural ideas from China to Japan
Early Japan One way Japanese feudalism during the Tokugawa shogunate was different from European feudalism is that during this period of Japanese feudalism (1) political power was more centralized (2) foreign missionaries were welcomed (3) emperors were overthrown in coups d’état (4) most wealthy merchants were able to attain high social status
Early Japan Korea has frequently served as a cultural bridge between (1) Cambodia and Vietnam (2) Russia and India (3) Thailand and Indonesia (4) China and Japan
Early Japan A similarity between Shinto in Japan and animism in African societies is that both (1) use the Torah to establish law codes (2) stress the importance of the Eightfold Path (3) believe that spirits exist in nature (4) base social rank on a caste system
Early Japan Based on this print, which statement reflects an important theme in Japanese art and culture? (1) Nature is a powerful force. (2) Beauty is found in technological innovations. (3) Realistic portrayals create a harmonious effect. (4) Traditional activities should be expressed in simple forms.
Early Japan What was an impact of Korea’s geographic location on the history of East Asia? (1) isolating Russia from Japan (2) protecting China from Mongol invaders (3) preventing Europeans from colonizing East Asia (4) serving as a cultural bridge between China and Japan
Early Japan The terms Bushido, samurai, and daimyo are most closely associated with which group in Japanese history? • emperors (2) warriors (3) peasants (4) merchants
Early Japan Which statement about the geography of Japan is most accurate? (1) Location has made it easy to invade. (2) The irregular coastline has many natural harbors. (3) Large plains are its primary physical feature. (4) Earthquakes do not threaten the islands.
Early Japan Both European medieval knights and Japanese samurai warriors pledged oaths of (1) loyalty to their military leader (2) devotion to their nation-state (3) service to their church (4) allegiance to their families
Early Japan Which practice in medieval Europe was most similar to a Japanese warrior’s code of bushido? • indulgences (2) serfdom (3) chivalry (4) tribute
Early Japan Which two cultures most influenced the development of early Japan? (1) Greek and Roman (2) Chinese and Korean (3) Egyptian and Mesopotamian (4) Indian and Persian
Early Japan • The fertile soil of river valleys allowed early civilizations to develop and flourish. • In the 1500s and 1600s, control of the Strait of Malacca determined who traded in the Spice Islands. • Because Japan is an island that is mostly mountainous, people live in densely populated areas along the coast. Which conclusion is best supported by these statements? (1) Major urban centers are found only along rivers. (2) The geography of a nation or region influences its development. (3) Without mountains and rivers, people cannot develop a culture. (4) The spread of new ideas is discouraged by trade and conquest.
Early Japan Which statement about cultural diffusion in Asia is most accurate? (1) Byzantine traders brought the Justinian Code to China. (2) Roman legions introduced Christianity to India. (3) Indian monks brought Islam to the Middle East. (4) Chinese ideas and practices spread into Korea and Japan.
Early Japan The feudal systems in both medieval Europe and early Japan were characterized by (1) a decentralized political system (2) religious diversity (3) an increased emphasis on education (4) the development of a wealthy middle class
Early Japan Which belief is shared by an African who practices animism and a Japanese who practices Shinto? (1) Only one God rules the universe. (2) Periodic fasting is essential to spiritual purity. (3) Spirits exist in both living and nonliving things. (4) All suffering is caused by desire and selfishness.
Early Japan Which fact relating to early Japan was a result of the other three? (1) Japan experienced earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. (2) The Japanese developed a nature-based belief called Shinto. (3) Tsunamis and typhoons sometimes destroyed coastal Japanese villages. (4) Mountains are found throughout the islands of Japan.
Early Japan Feudalism influenced Europe and Japan by (1) providing social stability (2) fostering the growth of religion (3) eliminating warfare (4) encouraging formal education
Early Japan One way in which the code of chivalry in Europe and the code of Bushido in Japan were similar is that both codes were intended to (1) help the ruler control his people (2) guide the behavior of a warrior class (3) benefit all the social classes (4) support revolutionary ideas
Early Japan Which title best completes the partial outline below? (1) Geographic Features of Japan (2) Environmental Challenges in Mongolia (3) Economic Issues Facing Saudi Arabia (4) Factors Affecting British Industrialization
Mongols The leadership of Genghis Khan, the use of the stirrup, and excellent horsemanship skills all contributed directly to the (1) collapse of Silk Road trade (2) defeat of Tokugawa Japan (3) beginning of European exploration (4) rise of the Mongol Empire
Mongols . . . The Mongols made no technological breakthroughs, founded no new religions, wrote few books or dramas, and gave the world no new crops or methods of agriculture. Their own craftsmen could not weave cloth, cast metal, make pottery, or even bake bread. They manufactured neither porcelain nor pottery, painted no pictures, and built no buildings. Yet, as their army conquered culture after culture, they collected and passed all of these skills from one civilization to the next. . . — Jack Weatherford This passage leads to the conclusion that the Mongols (1) rejected technology (2) were a peaceful people (3) were urbanized (4) contributed to cultural diffusion
Mongols A primary reason the Mongols and the British were able to expand their empires through conquest was because of (1) a knowledge and command of advanced technologies (2) a rejection of democratic policies and practices (3) the development of religious and cultural reforms (4) an extended period of peaceful trade and commerce
Mongols . . . As early as the struggle for the steppe he had spread the claim that Heaven had destined him as ruler; members of Mongol trading caravans spread stories intended to cause panic among the local populace; forged letters were fed to Sultan Muhammad which strengthened his mistrust of his Turkic units; freedom of religion was proclaimed; those who offered no resistance were promised that life and property would be spared; terrible destruction was threatened in the event of resistance; bloody examples were designed to spread fear and reduce the populace’s will to resist. . . . — Paul Ratchnevsky, Genghis Khan: His Life and Legacy, Blackwell Publishing According to this passage, which Mongol practice contributed greatly to their success? (1) nomadic lifestyle (2) superior horsemanship (3) psychological warfare (4) religious conversion
Mongols One way in which PaxRomana and PaxMongolia are similar is that both were characterized by (1) political stability (2) unifying religious institutions (3) representative forms of government (4) social equality for men and women
Mongols Which situation was a result of Pax Mongolia? (1) Trade increased between Europe and Asia. (2) China became isolated from its neighbors. (3) Warfare between Japan and Vietnam escalated. (4) Europeans conquered the Aztecs and Incas.
Mongols Which statement about the Mongol Empire is accurate? (1) The Mongols developed a highly technological society that emphasized formal education. (2) European monarchies became a model for the early Mongol governments. (3) Pax Mongolia led to regional stability, increasing trade on the Silk Road. (4) The Mongols adopted Roman Catholicism as the official religion of the empire.
Mongols What was one influence of Mongol rule on the history of Russia? (1) Contact with kingdoms in western Europe greatly increased. (2) The Chinese writing system was introduced and adopted. (3) Most Russians converted from Orthodox Christianity to Islam. (4) Russian leaders adopted the idea of strong, centralized control of the empire.
Mongols Some historians suggest that as a result of the Mongol invasions of Russia, the Russian people were (1) united with the Ottomans (2) converted to Christianity (3) freed from serfdom (4) cut off from most of western Europe
Mongols • In less than 50 years, it was the largest unified land empire in history. • In 1279, it was the first foreign group to gain complete control of China. • It made the caravan routes across Asia safe for trade and travel. • When attempting to conquer Japan in 1274 and 1281, its fleets were destroyed by storms. Which empire is most closely associated with these statements? (1) Persian (2) Gupta (3) Ottoman (4) Mongol
Mongols One similarity between the Mongols of Central Asia and the Incas of South America was that both societies (1) developed cash-crop farming (2) based their wealth on the slave trade (3) adapted to difficult physical environments (4) practiced monotheistic religions
Mongols Which areas did the Mongols conquer and incorporate into their empire? (1) China, Russia, and Iran (2) Axum, Zimbabwe, and West Africa (3) Spain, France, and Egypt (4) Japan, India, and eastern Europe
Mongols Which group of people ruled much of Asia during the period shown on this map? (1) Mongol (2) Indian (3) Japanese (4) European
Mongols Which empire is the focus of this map? (1) Mongol (2) Songhai (3) Roman (4) Persian
Mongols Which statement about the Mongols is supported by the information in the map? (1) The Yuan dynasty kept China isolated from outside influence. (2) Most of the Chinese people lived in the river valleys. (3) Kublai Khan and Genghis Khan extended Mongol influence to other parts of Asia. (4) The city of Samarkand was part of the Yuan Empire.
Mongols The information provided by the map indicates that in 1280 the Mongols controlled (1) areas of Africa, Asia, and Europe (2) territory from eastern China to eastern Europe (3) Japan and Korea (4) all of Asia
Mongols What was the effect of the extensive Mongol Empire on the people who lived in Europe and Asia in the 1200s? (1) development of a common language (2) adoption of Confucian ideas and practices (3) expansion of Japanese cultural traditions (4) significant increases in trade and travel
Mongols The purpose of the Great Wall was to (1) protect the Chinese from the nomadic tribes of northern and central Asia (2) supply food from the south to Khanbalik (Beijing) (3) control the flood waters of the Huang He and the Chang Jiang rivers (4) protect the port city of Guangzhou
Mongols Which statement is best supported by the information on this map? (1) By 1300, the Mongol Empire had reached the Red Sea. (2) The Mongol Empire controlled India and Japan by 1300. (3) By 1300, most of Europe had been conquered by the Mongols. (4) The Mongol Empire controlled a large portion of Asia by 1300.
Global Trade & Interactions One long-term effect of the Crusades was the (1) development of Pax Mongolia (2) fall of the Ming dynasty (3) control of Jerusalem by Europeans (4) growth of trade and towns in western Europe
Global Trade & Interactions Speaker A: We must fight to keep control of Jerusalem in the hands of those who believe in Allah. Speaker B: Come and battle while there is still time to protect the Holy Land where Christ walked. Speaker C: We must go forth to heal the split between the churches. Speaker D: An investment in ships and knights will yield control of profitable trade routes. Which speaker expresses a Muslim perspective during the Crusades? (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D
Global Trade & Interactions Speaker A: We must fight to keep control of Jerusalem in the hands of those who believe in Allah. Speaker B: Come and battle while there is still time to protect the Holy Land where Christ walked. Speaker C: We must go forth to heal the split between the churches. Speaker D: An investment in ships and knights will yield control of profitable trade routes. Which speaker is expressing an economic motive for the Crusades? (1)A (2) B (3) C (4) D
Global Trade & Interactions The basic idea of this book is simple: to tell the story of the Crusades as they were seen, lived, and recorded on ‘the other side’—in other words, in the Arab camp. Its content is based almost exclusively on the testimony of contemporary Arab historians and chroniclers. . . . — Amin Maalouf, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Al Saqi Books This passage indicates that the author’s emphasis is on (1) cause and effect (2) chronological order (3) reenactment (4) point of view
Global Trade & Interactions What was one direct result of the Crusades? (1) Trade increased between Europe and the Middle East. (2) Islamic kingdoms expanded into Europe. (3) Arabs and Christians divided the city of Jerusalem between them. (4) Alexander the Great became a powerful leader in Eurasia.
Global Trade & Interactions What was one result of large armies traveling great distances during the Crusades? (1) Europe’s population severely declined. (2) Democracy in the Middle East grew. (3) Cultural diffusion increased. (4) Slavery was eliminated.
Global Trade & Interactions Which circumstance best describes a long-term result of the Crusades? (1) Muslim control of Jerusalem ended. (2) Feudalism began in western Europe. (3) Cultural exchanges between the Middle East and Europe grew. (4) Christians and Muslims achieved a lasting peace.
Global Trade & Interactions Revival of trade in western Europe, decline of feudalism, revival of interest in learning, and cultural interaction with the Middle East are associated with the (1) impact of the Crusades (2) effects of the barter system (3) growth of the Maya Empire (4) rise of Charlemagne
Global Trade & Interactions Many achievements of Islamic civilization reached European society by way of the (1) Crusades and eastern Mediterranean trading networks (2) merchant guilds and the Industrial Revolution (3) Middle Passage and the Columbian Exchange (4) conquests of the Germanic tribes and trade along the Silk Road