Exam Questions by UnitUNIT 4 Last Exam Added: Aug 2012
Directions • Click the indicated icon to begin the slide show • Press the right arrow key on the keyboard once to reveal the answer • Press the right arrow key once more to advance to the next question • Use the table of contents (slide 3) to advance to a particular topic
Table of Contents • Ming Dynasty: The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) • Ottoman Empire: The impact of the Ottoman Empire on the Middle East and Europe • Spain and Portugal: Spain and Portugal on the eve of the encounter • Mesoamerican empires: The rise of Mesoamerican empires: Aztec and Incan empires before 1500 • Encounters: The encounter between Europeans and the peoples of Africa, the Americas, and Asia Case study: The Columbian exchange • Political ideologies:Political ideologies: global Absolutism • Rise of Parliamentary Democracy: The response to absolutism: The rise of parliamentary democracy in England
Ming Dynasty Which conclusion can be made about the Ming dynasty of China as a result of the travels of Zheng He? (1) China profited more from African trade than from Asian trade. (2) Islam became the dominant religion of China. (3) The Ming dynasty established trade routes to Europe. (4) Advanced navigation technology was available in China.
Ming Dynasty During the Ming dynasty, why did China enjoy a favorable balance of trade with Europe? (1) The Ming dynasty imported numerous manufactured goods from Europe. (2) China exported large quantities of opium to European traders. (3) Chinese silk continued to be in high demand in Europe. (4) The Ming dynasty paid tribute to European traders.
Ming Dynasty One way in which the Ming dynasty in the early 1400s and the Spanish monarchy in the late 1400s are similar is that both governments (1) promoted religious diversity (2) encouraged democratic reforms (3) emphasized equal rights for women (4) supported the expansion of overseas trade
Ming Dynasty • The Ming emperor banned the building of large oceangoing ships in 1433. • The Tokugawa shogun issued the Act of Seclusion in 1636. One way in which these historical occurrences are similar is that both led to increased (1) social mobility (2) globalization (3) cultural diffusion (4) isolation
Ming Dynasty During the Ming dynasty, why did China stop investing in overseas naval expeditions? (1) Many foreigners were imitating Chinese culture. (2) Chinese leaders saw little value in exploration. (3) People disagreed with Confucius’s demand for more territory. (4) Chinese merchants were threatened by foreign competition.
Ming Dynasty • Foreign rulers were overthrown. • Admiral Zheng He established trade links. • Civil service exams were reinstated. These events in history occurred during the rule of the (1) Mughal dynasty in India (2) Abbasid dynasty in the Middle East (3) Ming dynasty in China (4) Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
Ming Dynasty The map shows that on his voyages, Zheng He explored (1) both the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans (2) at the same time as the Spanish explorers (3) lands in the Western Hemisphere (4) Arabia and the east coast of Africa
Ming Dynasty One result of the voyages of Zheng He was that (1) Chinese merchants began trading with Africa (2) Christian missionaries arrived in China (3) Indian artisans showed the Chinese how to make Ming porcelain (4) China set up colonies in Europe
Ming Dynasty Which conclusion is best supported by the map? (1) Eastern Chinese cities had extensive contact with the Persian Empire in 1405. (2) Rivers and mountains prevented the expansion of overland Chinese trade. (3) The Chinese came into contact with peoples of other cultures between 1405 and 1422. (4) China was isolated from outside contact under the rulers of the Ming Empire.
Ming Dynasty Based on this map, which statement is accurate concerning China between 1400 and 1500? (1) Most of China’s commerce was conducted on overland trade routes. (2) China remained isolated from outside contacts. (3) The Ming dynasty traded more with Persia than with any other culture. (4) China interacted and traded with many diverse cultures.
Ming Dynasty “The countries beyond the horizon and from the ends of the Earth have all become subjects and to the most western of the western or the most northern of the northern countries however far away they may be.” — Ming dynasty official The intent of this statement about the Ming dynasty was to (1) demonstrate supremacy and strength in China (2) control the Mongols (3) stop European imperialism (4) impose Chinese culture and slavery on neighboring countries
Ming Dynasty A major reason for Zheng He’s voyages during the 15th century was to (1) promote trade and collect tribute (2) establish colonies in Africa and India (3) seal off China’s borders from foreign influence (4) prove the world was round
Ming Dynasty Which statement can best be supported by the information on the map? (1) The Portuguese taught the Chinese their sailing knowledge. (2) Portugal and China practiced isolationism throughout the 15th century. (3) Only the Portuguese explored the east coast of Africa. (4) The Portuguese and the Chinese were active explorers.
Ming Dynasty Which two explorers are associated with the travels shown on the map? (1) Ferdinand Magellen and Matthew Perry (2) Christopher Columbus and Genghis Khan (3) Vasco de Gama and Zheng He (4) Francisco Pizarro and Marco Polo
Ottoman Empire Which 19th century ideology led to the unification of Germany and of Italy and to the eventual breakup of Austria-Hungary and of the Ottoman Empire? • imperialism (2) nationalism (3) liberalism (4) socialism
Ottoman Empire The location of the Ottoman Empire had an impact on the (1) trade between Europe and Asia (2) conquest of Spain by the Muslims (3) spread of Buddhism into Southeast Asia (4) decline in the Atlantic slave trade
Ottoman Empire Which factor most contributed to the cultural diversity of the Ottoman Empire? (1) legal system based on the Qur’an (Koran) (2) central location spanning Europe, Africa, and Asia (3) alliances with the Russians and Hapsburgs (4) reliance on colonies in the Americas
Ottoman Empire • Captured the city of Constantinople in 1453 • Benefited from rich trade along the Mediterranean Sea • Ruled by Suleiman the Lawgiver Which empire best fits these descriptions? • Roman (2) Ottoman (3) Mongol (4) Songhai
Ottoman Empire The Ottomans were a strong trading empire through the mid-1600s because they (1) controlled access to the eastern Mediterranean Sea (2) had the most powerful navy in the world (3) dominated West African caravan routes (4) conquered most of Asia
Ottoman Empire Which empire included all of the lined areas shown on this 1814 map? (1) Holy Roman (2) Russian (3) Ottoman (4) Austro-Hungarian
Ottoman Empire • Dominated the eastern Mediterranean Sea (1500s) • Conquered Egypt and Syria (1517) • Laid siege to Vienna (1529) Which empire is most closely associated with these events? • Ottoman Empire (2) Spanish Empire (3) Persian Empire (4) Russian Empire
Ottoman Empire It would be wrong to call the Ottoman Empire a purely Islamic state. It was not. It was a state that claimed some kind of an attachment, some kind of allegiance to Islam, but combined it with other forms of heritage from the Byzantine tradition or from the Turkic tradition that did not really correspond to Islam. So they always had this very, very pragmatic approach to Islam. — Professor EdhemEldem, Bogazici University, NPR News, All Things Considered, August 18, 2004 This author is suggesting that during the Ottoman Empire (1) religion was mingled with historic traditions (2) most people belonged to minority religions (3) rulers tried to separate politics from religion (4) rulers operated under a strict set of laws
Ottoman Empire One similarity between the Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire is that both (1) reached their height of power at the same time (2) developed parliamentary governments (3) ensured equality for women (4) declined because of corruption in government
Ottoman Empire • Location — included lands surrounding the eastern Mediterranean Sea • People — Turks, Arabs, Greeks, Muslims, Christians, and Jews • Nickname during the 19th and early 20th centuries — “Sick Man of Europe” Which empire is described by these characteristics? • Gupta (2) Mongol (3) Roman (4) Ottoman
Ottoman Empire The golden ages of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires can be attributed in part to (1) cultural isolation (2) stable governments (3) command economies (4) distinct social classes
Ottoman Empire In 1453, the Ottoman Empire rose to power by defeating the • Holy Roman Empire (2) European crusaders (3) Byzantine Empire (4) Mongol invaders
Ottoman Empire Which empire became powerful partly because of its location near the Mediterranean Sea? • German (2) Maya (3) Ming (4) Ottoman
Ottoman Empire The ability of the Ottoman Empire to expand its borders depended on (1) military assistance from western Europe (2) extensive trade with the Americas (3) alliances formed during World War I (4) strategic location between Europe and Asia
Ottoman Empire Which generalization is best supported by the information in this map? (1) The Ottoman Empire controlled the largest amount of territory by 1453. (2) The Safavid Empire controlled parts of western Europe by 1629. (3) By the 1500s, the Ottoman Empire controlled parts of the Middle East, North Africa, and eastern Europe. (4) The Mediterranean Sea served as a cultural barrier between Asia Minor and North Africa.
Ottoman Empire King Louis XIV of France, Peter the Great of Russia, and Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire were all considered absolute rulers because they (1) broke from the Roman Catholic Church (2) helped feudal lords build secure castles (3) instituted programs that provided more power to their parliaments (4) determined government policies without the consent of their people
Ottoman Empire One way in which Asoka, Mansa Musa, and Suleiman the Magnificent are similar is that they (1) established republics (2) led nationalist movements (3) ruled during times of prosperity (4) discouraged scientific advancements
Ottoman Empire One similarity in the rule of Peter the Great, Suleiman I, and Louis XIV is that each leader (1) shared power with a legislature (2) practiced religious toleration (3) expanded his territory (4) decreased the amount of taxes collected
Ottoman Empire One similarity in the policies of Louis XIV and of Suleiman the Magnificent is that both leaders (1) expanded their empires in the Americas (2) encouraged the growth of democracy (3) increased the power of their central governments (4) abolished the bureaucracy
Ottoman Empire Which form of political leadership is most closely associated with Ivan the Terrible, Suleiman the Magnificent, and Philip II of Spain? • democratic (2) absolutist (3) communist (4) theocratic
Ottoman Empire Akbar the Great, Suleiman the Magnificent, and Louis XIV are all rulers associated with • natural rights (2) filial piety (3) religious toleration (4) absolutism
Ottoman Empire One way in which Suleiman the Magnificent and Akbar the Great are similar is that they both brought about periods of (1) political stability and religious tolerance (2) religious conquest and persecution (3) isolationism and cultural stagnation (4) modernization and political disunity
Spain and Portugal . . . Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived together in peace. Because several Christian and Jewish prophets, including Adam, Abraham, and Moses, are named in the Qur’an and because the Jewish Torah and Christian gospels are recognized as revelations from Allah, the Muslim rulers called Christians and Jews “people of the Book” and permitted them much religious and personal freedom. Jews, especially, enjoyed many liberties, and many Jews distinguished themselves in science, the arts, and government. Convivencia, a Spanish word meaning “living together,” helped make tenth-century al-Andalus the most civilized country in Europe. . . . —Lawrence Houghteling, “Al-Andalus: Islamic Spain,” Calliope, Nov.–Dec. 1995 What is the main idea of this passage? (1) The Torah and the Bible were rejected in Muslim Spain. (2) Arabs, Jews, and Christians shared houses and places of worship in Muslim Spain. (3) Religious tolerance in Muslim Spain encouraged the growth of a rich and diverse culture. (4) Spain was troubled by deep-rooted religious conflicts.
Spain and Portugal Which geographic feature of Spain and Portugal most enhanced their ability to engage in exploration? (1) peninsular location (2) mountainous region (3) extensive river system (4) fertile plain
Spain and Portugal Cervantes’ literary classic Don Quixote, the rule of Isabella and Ferdinand, and the art of El Greco are associated with the (1) Golden Age in Spain (2) Hanseatic League in Germany (3) Glorious Revolution in England (4) Renaissance in Italy
Spain and Portugal Italy, Korea, Spain, and India are similar in that each is considered (1) an archipelago (2) a peninsula (3) a landlocked nation (4) an island nation
Spain and Portugal “In 1469, Isabella of Castile married Ferdinand of Aragon. This marriage between the rulers of two powerful kingdoms opened the way for a unified state. Using their combined forces, the two monarchs made a final push against the Muslim stronghold of Granada. In 1492, Granada fell. . . .” Source: Elisabeth Ellis and Anthony Esler, World History: Connections to Today, Prentice Hall What is being described in this passage? (1) a crusade to the Holy Land (2) the reasons for the voyages of Columbus (3) the Spanish Reconquista (4) the start of the Italian Renaissance
Spain and Portugal The inhumane policies of the Reconquista, pogroms, and the Holocaust were all results of (1) civil disobedience and passive resistance (2) acculturation and assimilation (3) war guilt and reparations (4) intolerance and prejudice
Mesoamerican empires One way in which the Aztec and Inca civilizations are similar is that they both (1) defeated the Spanish conquistadors (2) developed advanced architectural techniques (3) lacked strong central governments (4) settled primarily in river valleys
Mesoamerican empires “Greek Statues Unearthed in Pompeii” “Chinese Porcelain Found at Zimbabwe Dig” “Mixtec Textiles Found Near Aztec Ruins” Which concept is illustrated by these headlines? • colonialism (2) isolationism (3) ethnocentrism (4) cultural diffusion
Mesoamerican empires The Aztec use of the calendar and the Maya writing system both illustrate that pre-Columbian cultures in the Americas (1) traded extensively with Africa (2) flourished prior to European contact (3) declined because of invasion and disease (4) converted others to Islam
Mesoamerican empires These illustrations suggest that early Latin American civilizations (1) were based on European societies (2) used advanced technology to build complex structures (3) incorporated early Roman architectural design (4) were strongly influenced by Renaissance humanism
Mesoamerican empires A study of Aztec, Maya, and Inca agricultural systems would show that these civilizations (1) relied on mechanized agricultural techniques (2) carried on extensive food trade with each other (3) adapted to their environments with creative farming techniques (4) relied on a single-crop economy