Directions • Click the indicated icon to begin the slide show • Press the right arrow key on the keyboard once to reveal the answer • Press the right arrow key once more to advance to the next question • Use the table of contents (slide 3) to advance to a particular topic
Table of Contents • Population and Poverty • Mass Migration • Standard of Living • The Role of Women • Religious/Ethnic Conflicts • Self-Determination • Interdependence • The Environment and Sustainability • The Green Revolution • AIDS / Epidemics • Nuclear Proliferation • Globalization • Miscellaneous
Population & Poverty Speaker A: Medical facilities and public transportation are readily available in New Delhi. Speaker B: Homelessness and crime continue to increase in New Delhi. Speaker C: New Delhi offers many employment opportunities. One way in which these speakers are similar is that all are expressing their opinions about (1) rural poverty (2) interdependence (3) urban issues (4) nationalism
Population & Poverty “‘We Blew It’: Nike Admits to Mistakes Over Child Labor” “UN Envoy Makes Plea for War on Global Poverty” “International Literacy Decade Targets Women” Which concern do these 21st-century headlines address? (1) higher education issues (2) social and economic issues (3) cultural literacy (4) individual responsibility
Population & Poverty By the late 1970s in China, the growing size of its population influenced the government’s decision to (1) encourage people to migrate to other countries (2) force families to work on communes (3) engage in wars to gain territory (4) institute a one-child policy
Population & Poverty • China implemented a one-child policy. • African nations established educational and health care agendas. • Latin American nations worked with the United States to reduce drug trafficking. Which conclusion can best be drawn using all of these statements? (1) The governments of different countries reacted in various ways to the same problem. (2) Population explosions took place in some countries during the 20th century. (3) Some countries looked toward other nations to help solve their problems. (4) Countries have had to address a variety of economic and social problems.
Population & Poverty The graph shows that between 1950 and 2000 the world’s population increased by approximately (1) 1 billion (2) 4 billion (3) 6 billion (4) 8 billion What is one explanation for the great change in the world population between 1950 and 2000? (1) Family planning was successful. (2) There was an absence of war and conflict. (3) New medicines and technology were discovered and applied. (4) Famine and other natural disasters increased.
Mass Migration One way in which wars, religious conflict, and natural disasters are similar is that these situations may result in (1) the mass migration of people (2) economic stability (3) an increase in life expectancy (4) global warming
Mass Migration Which title best completes this partial outline? (1) Causes of Global Migrations (2) Causes of Industrialization (3) Reasons for Colonialism (4) Reasons for Cultural Borrowing
Standard of Living Although Cuba has lost support from many nations, one reason Fidel Castro has remained in power is that he has (1) established free trade with the United States (2) opposed communism (3) prohibited the practice of Catholicism (4) raised the standard of living for many Cubans
Standard of Living A long-term result of the Industrial Revolution in Europe was (1) an increase in the number of small farms (2) a decline in international trade (3) a general rise in the standard of living (4) a strengthening of the economic power of the nobility
The Role of Women “‘We Blew It’: Nike Admits to Mistakes Over Child Labor” “UN Envoy Makes Plea for War on Global Poverty” “International Literacy Decade Targets Women” Which concern do these 21st-century headlines address? (1) higher education issues (2) social and economic issues (3) cultural literacy (4) individual responsibility
The Role of Women What was a direct cause of the event illustrated in this photograph? (1) defeat of the Taliban-controlled government (2) rise of the Ayatollah Khomeini (3) signing of the Camp David Accords (4) withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan
The Role of Women The success of the women’s suffrage movement in 20th-century Europe resulted in part from women (1) holding high political offices (2) working in factories during World War I (3) being encouraged to have large families (4) serving in combat positions during World War I
The Role of Women “Women of Kuwait Demand the Right to Vote” “Property Inheritance Still Limited for Women of Nepal” “Women in Jordan Form Alliance to Increase Political Representation” Which conclusion is supported by these headlines? (1) Equal rights for women continues to be a global concern. (2) Women are not active in political issues. (3) Women have achieved equality in the area of education. (4) Communist governments have insured equal rights for women.
The Role of Women Based on this image, women deserve the right to vote because (1) they contribute to society in many ways (2) they can only obtain industrial jobs if they can vote (3) only women understand what it takes to raise children (4) without the right to vote women cannot be taxed
The Role of Women What was one social change Mao Zedong instituted in China after 1949? (1) granting legal equality for men and women (2) requiring arranged marriages (3) adopting the practice of foot binding (4) mandating Confucianism as the state philosophy
Religious/Ethnic Conflicts Since the late 1940s, Northern Ireland, India, and Israel have all faced which common problem? (1) the need to adjust to a post-communist political system (2) continued violent confrontations between different religious groups (3) economic depression that resulted from rapid industrialization (4) overpopulation of urban centers
Religious/Ethnic Conflicts The treatment of the Armenians by Ottoman Turks in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the treatment of Muslims by the Serbs of Yugoslavia in the 1990s are both examples of (1) coalition rule (2) liberation theology (3) universal suffrage (4) human rights violations
Religious/Ethnic Conflicts A study of Spain during the late 1400s, the Balkan States during the early 1900s, Rwanda during the 1990s, and Central Asia today shows that (1) civil disobedience is an effective way to bring about change (2) people have been encouraged to question tradition (3) colonial rule has a lasting legacy (4) ethnic conflicts have been a recurring issue in history
Self-determination Which nation had the greatest influence on the recent histories of Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Tibet? • India (2) South Korea (3) China (4) Russia
Self-determination The main idea of this 2002 cartoon is that East Timor is (1) experiencing massive floods that might destroy the nation (2) struggling with the arrival of large numbers of freedom-seeking refugees (3) facing several dangers that threaten its existence as a new nation (4) celebrating its success as an independent nation
Self-determination • The people of Kashmir demand separation from India. • The people of East Timor vote for independence from Indonesia. • The Tibetans resent control of their country by China. • The Kurds want to establish their own independent state of Kurdistan. These statements are examples of the efforts of different peoples to achieve (1) free-market systems (2) democratic governments (3) social equality (4) self-determination
Interdependence Which concept led to the formation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (EU)? • nationalism (2) imperialism (3) interdependence (4) socialism
Interdependence The policies of the European Union (EU) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have both resulted in (1) an increase in interdependence (2) the expansion of totalitarianism (3) an improvement in containment efforts (4) the support of isolationist practices
Interdependence “Contaminated Food from China Sold in the United States” “Computer Virus Shuts Down Hundreds of Businesses Worldwide” “Multinational Corporations Relocate Factories” These headlines are directly related to (1) world hunger (2) overpopulation (3) global warming (4) economic interdependence
Interdependence Which concept is illustrated by the cartoon? (1) scarcity (2) capitalism (3) revolution (4) interdependence
Interdependence Which concept is illustrated in this cartoon? • nonalignment (2) interdependence (3) nationalism (4) socialism
The Environment and Sustainability Many scientists believe global warming is the direct result of (1) using solar panels (2) burning fossil fuels (3) generating nuclear power (4) producing hydroelectric power
The Environment and Sustainability Deforestation, acid rain, and the greenhouse effect are major world problems that indicate a need for (1) cooperation between nations to reduce pollution and environmental destruction (2) the development of mass transit systems in developing nations (3) an increase in the worldwide production of oil (4) a reduction in crop production in some areas of the world
The Environment and Sustainability The global problems of pollution, acid rain, and the breakdown of the ozone layer indicate a need for (1) greater international cooperation (2) increased urbanization (3) a balance of trade between nations (4) an increase in space exploration
The Environment and Sustainability “It was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face of a savage. It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill smellingdye. . . .” — Charles Dickens, Hard Times Which problem is the subject of this passage? (1) economic inequality (2) urban pollution (3) lack of child labor laws (4) poor transportation systems
The Environment and Sustainability The problems created by the deterioration of the Earth’s ozone layer and increases in the amounts of acid rain suggest a worldwide need for (1) rapid industrialization of developing economies (2) better health-care programs (3) nuclear-powered electric generating facilities (4) stricter pollution regulations
The Environment and Sustainability During the late 20th century, in which area did deforestation become a serious problem? (1) Great European Plain (2) Amazon Basin (3) Deccan Plateau (4) Great Rift Valley
The Environment and Sustainability What is a valid conclusion based on the information shown in this chart? (1) The primary cause of soil degradation throughout the world is bio-industrial. (2) Deforestation causes soil degradation to more hectares of land in South America than in Asia. (3) The largest number of hectares affected by soil degradation due to overgrazing is located in Africa. (4) The fewest number of hectares affected by soil degradation due to arable farming is located in North America.
The Environment and Sustainability Which conclusion based on the ecological cycle shown in this diagram is most valid? (1) Grain yields increase as the amount of land reclaimed increases. (2) The destruction of forests leads to soil erosion. (3) Grain production has no impact on the environment. (4) Natural disasters have little effect on grain production.
The Environment and Sustainability Which issue has raised significant environmental concerns in the Amazon Basin? • desertification (2) deforestation (3) tsunami threats (4) acid rain
The Environment and Sustainability Which condition, in combination with drought, has most directly forced the migration of people out of the southern regions bordering the Sahara? • urbanization (2) coastal pollution (3) wildlife tourism (4) desertification
The Environment and Sustainability In Africa, a key factor that has led to desertification is the (1) loss of animal species (2) burning of fossil fuels (3) disposal of toxic waste (4) overgrazing of livestock
The Environment and Sustainability The southern edge of the Sahara is expanding in a process called • annexation (2) conservation (3) desertification (4) desalination
The Environment and Sustainability . . . Traditionally, [African] farmers cleared land, grew crops for a few harvests, then let the fields lie fallow for 10 or 15 years to rejuvenate as they moved on to clear more land, the study reports. But as they try to feed a rapidly growing population, the farmers instead grow crop after crop, sapping the soil’s fertility. “Nothing grows, so the topsoil is blown away by the wind and washed away by the rains,” said AmitH. Roy, president of the International Fertilizer Development Center, a nonprofit agricultural aid organization, which produced the study. “It goes into the river system, silting them, and out to the oceans.”. . . — Celia Dugger, “Overfarming African Land is Worsening Hunger Crisis” Which problem in sub-Saharan Africa is being described in this passage? (1) global warming (2) acid rain (3) urbanization (4) desertification
The Environment and Sustainability Which problem in the savanna regions of Africa is caused by population pressures and overuse of the land? (1) rain forest destruction (2) desertification (3) air pollution (4) flooding
The Environment and Sustainability • Chernobyl experiences nuclear disaster. • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) deplete the ozone layer. • Rivers and seas are polluted throughout the world. Which conclusion can best be drawn from these statements? (1) Modern technology can have serious negative effects. (2) Today’s environment renews itself. (3) Only developing nations have environmental problems. (4) Most environmental problems originate in Europe.
The Environment and Sustainability … For Ukraine, however, contamination via river water is still a major problem, since most of the rivers flow southwards. To slow the spread of radiation, protective dams were built along the Dnieper after the accident. “But of course not all riverbanks could be protected in this way,” as the Ukrainian government agency Chernobyl Interinformpoints out in its summary of the situation. “Particularly during flooding, radiation is still leached into rivers. This is a particular threat for the 30 million people who obtain their drinking water from the Dnieper basin.” … — Chernobyl.info The aftermath of which problem is being described in this passage? (1) volcanic eruption (2) nuclear disaster (3) global warming (4) deforestation
Green Revolution Between 1960 and 1987, a major effect of the Green Revolution on India was (1) a decrease in the production of grain after 1975 (2) an increase in grain imports after 1984 (3) an overall increase in the production of grain since 1966 (4) a steady decrease in grain imports from 1960 to 1966
Green Revolution Since the 1960s, famine in many parts of the world has been reduced by (1) increased urbanization (2) global warming (3) laissez-faire capitalism (4) the Green Revolution
Green Revolution Which heading is most appropriate for the partial outline below that is related to conditions during the 18th and 19th centuries? (1) Factors Needed for Industrialization (2) Forces That Caused the Rise of Fascism (3) Objectives of the Green Revolution (4) Results of the Glorious Revolution
Green Revolution The term Green Revolution refers to (1) an overthrow of the government by radical parties (2) increased agricultural production based on technological advancements (3) a drastic change in the environment based on global warming (4) decreased food production caused by terrorism
Green Revolution Which statement about the Green Revolution is most accurate? (1) It reduced the amount of chemical pollutants in the environment. (2) It increased food output in many developing countries. (3) It decreased dependence on fossil fuels. (4) It attempted to end colonial rule.