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Lecture 2: Supply , Demand, Complements, Substitutes PowerPoint Presentation
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Lecture 2: Supply , Demand, Complements, Substitutes

Lecture 2: Supply , Demand, Complements, Substitutes

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Lecture 2: Supply , Demand, Complements, Substitutes

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  1. Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, Complements, Substitutes • Joshua Tuynman • Office Hours: Monday 1:30-3:00 Tuesday 9-10:30 • Office Location: VKC B42G (under the stairs at VKC library entrance) • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  2. Today’s Plan • Supply and Demand • Complements and Substitutes • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  3. Housekeeping • Buy the 13th edition • Buy and register your clicker • Syllabus • Homework 1 now due Weds (Sept. 1 • Office Hours for Josh • Monday 1:30-3:00, Tuesday 9-10:30 • VKC B42G (under the stairs at VKC library entrance) • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  4. Mock Reading Quiz • Peanut butter and jelly are: • A. Complementary Goods • B. Substitutes • C. Superior Goods • D. Partner Goods • E. Welfare-maximizing Goods • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  5. Why we’re starting with supply and demand • As bedrock as bedrock gets • We usually talk about goods • S&D also explains prices for labor (i.e. wages) • It even explains the value of currencies • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  6. Demand (individual) • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  7. Demand (market) • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  8. Market Demand For Sodas at Coachella • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  9. Demand vs. Quantity Demanded • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  10. Demand vs. Quantity Demanded Changes in the price of oil cause the demand curve for oil to shift … … whereas changes in the fuel efficiency of cars cause a movement along the demand curve for oil. A. True B. False • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  11. Quick Question What affects the demand for oil? • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  12. Supply (individual) • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  13. Supply (market) • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  14. Supply of oil What affects the supply of oil? Let’s think through what happens with changesin price. Oil is at a much higher price now than it was twenty years ago. In what specific ways has that affected the way oil is produced? What does the change in oil production mean for the future of oil prices? • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  15. Question If the price of oil went up, what would happen? A. The supply curve would shift right B. The supply curve would shift left C. The quantity supplied would increase D. The quantity supplied would decrease E. A&C F. B & D • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  16. Supply Meets Demand • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  17. Markets Not in Equilibrium • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  18. What Creates Surpluses and Shortages? • In 1973, OPEC enacted an oil embargo. The shortage in supply caused the price of a barrel of oil to rise from $3 to $12. This (with an intermediate step) led to a gasoline shortage in the US. • What U.S. policy caused the gasoline shortage? • What would have happened if that policy had not been in place? • Write down what would have happened to supply, demand, quantity supplied, and quantity demanded. • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  19. A Demand Shock

  20. When Supply and Demand Both Move

  21. Normal Goods vs. Inferior Goods • Normal good: higher income, higher quantity demanded • Inferior Good: higher income, lower quantity demanded • Let’s brainstorm a few of each • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  22. Complements and Substitutes • Two goods are complementsifthe consumption of one item increases the demand for the other • Hot dogs and hot dog buns • Two goods are substitutes if the consumption of one item decreases the demand for the other. • Buses and trains • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  23. Clicker Question • Right now the price of a gram of cocaine in the US is lower than it was in the 1970s (adjusted for inflation). Which of the following could explain that? • A. Supply in the US is higher now than in the 70s (i.e. our interdiction efforts have worked poorly) • B. Demand in the US is lower now than in the 70s (i.e. anti-drug programs have worked well) • C. Substitutes, like meth, have increased in supply. • D. A & B • E. A & C • F. A, B & C • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham

  24. Group Questions • An aid organization buys wheat in the US and ships it to a village in a developing country that is experiencing a drought. • What happens to the price of wheat in the area? • What happens to the price of corn in that area? • What happens to the price of grain back in the US? • Which of the following actors gain, and who loses? • Consumers of food in the drought-stricken region • Farmersin the drought-stricken region • Consumers of food in the US • Producers of food in the US • Lecture 2: Supply, Demand, etc. Benjamin Graham