Work Triangle • The work triangle is an imaginary line that connects the refrigerator, sink, and range • When these three elements are in a close proximity to one other, a kitchen runs more efficiently • Each leg should be between 4’ and 9’.
Work Centers • Located between the points of the work triangle • Each center includes the appliance for that center, counter space, storage space, supplies and utensils • The 3 basic work centers are: • Food Storage & Preparation • Cooking & Serving • Clean Up • Today’s kitchens may also have a planning center with a computer, bookshelves and desk.
Islands • A freestanding storage and countertop unit • Any of the 5 basic kitchen layouts can incorporate an island.
L-Shaped Kitchen • Appliances and cabinets are arranged along 2 adjoining walls • Allows an open area that may be used for dining.
U-Shaped Kitchen • Appliances and cabinets that are arranged along 3 adjoining walls • Has the most continuous counter space.
G-Shaped or Peninsula • An L-shaped or U-shaped kitchen with an attached island at one end.
Single or One Wall Kitchen • All appliances and cabinets are on one wall • Takes the least amount of space but has limited storage & countertop area.
Corridor or Galley Kitchen • Appliances and cabinets are arranged along 2 walls, with an aisle between them • Has a compact efficient work triangle.
LEARNING TO USE A CADD PROGRAM(COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING AND DESIGN) • Go to: • Shared drive • Groups • Students • Ivey • Copy folder labeled “3DHAD3” to your student folder
Refrigerators • Size depends on number of people in family • 2 people = 16 cubic feet • Add 1.5 cubic feet for each additional person • Styles include: • One, Two, Three, or Four doors • Compact • Drawers .
Freezers • Chest freezer • large, bulky packages are easier to store • uses LESS energy because less cold air escapes when door is opened • take up more floor space • Upright freezers • food is easier to see and remove • takes up a small amount of floor space • uses more energy.
Ranges • Gas • Electric • Conventional Coil • Electricity flows through wires encased in coils • Glass/ceramic top • Smooth top easy to clean • Heat produced by hidden coils, halogen cartridges • Induction (magnetic field) • Only the pot and food get hot.
Ovens • Conventional oven • bakes food using gas or electric heat • Convection oven • bakes food in a stream of heated air • browns and cooks faster • Microwave oven • cooks with high-frequency energy waves.
Food Waste Disposer • Installed below the sink to catch and grind most types of foods • Connected to a sewer line or septic tank • COLD water is needed to help grind the scraps and flush them through the drain.
Dishwasher • Saves time, energy, and water • Built-in or portable.
Trash Compactor • Compresses household trash to a fraction of its original volume • NOT intended for food scraps, flammable materials and aerosol cans.
Saving Energy in the Home • Energy Guide: label that states the yearly average cost to operate an appliance.
Warranty • Manufacturer’s written promise • that a product will perform as described and • details about the maker’s responsibilities concerning defective parts • A warranty may be full, limited, or extended.
Full Warranty • A written agreement that allows a consumer to have a product • repaired or • replaced free of charge at the warrantor’s option.
Limited Warranty • No charge repairs are made in specific cases or replaced under certain conditions • Owner may be responsible for shipping the item back to the warrantor or taking other steps to get repairs.
Extended Warranty • For an extra fee the consumer can purchase additional years of coverage.
Elements of a Functional Kitchen Use information from your notes about kitchen layouts, work triangles, and work centers. Remember: ¼ = 1’ • Room is 16’ X 14’. It can be smaller but no larger • Doors: • 1 door to the outside at least 36” wide • 1 opening to another part of the house at least 32” wide • Windows – add where you think they are appropriate • Appliances and Cabinets: • Refrigerator 36” wide, 30” deep • Range 30” wide, 24” deep • Sink 33” wide, 22” deep • Base cabinets 24” deep, upper cabinets 12” deep • Draw a work triangle and label the dimensions of each side • Label each of the work centers.