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# Posutlate 20 Side-Angle- Side (SAS) Congruence

Section 4.4. Use the SAS Congruence Postulate. Posutlate 20 Side-Angle- Side (SAS) Congruence IF two sides and included angle of one triangle are congruent to two sides and the included angle of a second triangle, then the two triangles are congruent. BC DA , BC AD. ABC CDA.

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## Posutlate 20 Side-Angle- Side (SAS) Congruence

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1. Section 4.4 Use the SAS Congruence Postulate Posutlate 20 Side-Angle- Side (SAS) Congruence IF two sides and included angle of one triangle are congruent to two sides and the included angle of a second triangle, then the two triangles are congruent.

2. BC DA,BC AD ABCCDA STATEMENTS REASONS S BC DA Given Given BC AD BCADAC A Alternate Interior Angles Theorem S ACCA Reflexive Property of Congruence EXAMPLE 1 Use the SAS Congruence Postulate Write a proof. GIVEN PROVE

3. EXAMPLE 1 Use the SAS Congruence Postulate STATEMENTS REASONS ABCCDA SAS Congruence Postulate

4. EXAMPLE 1 Use the SAS Congruence Postulate

5. Because they are vertical angles, PMQRMS. All points on a circle are the same distance from the center, so MP, MQ, MR, and MSare all equal. ANSWER MRSand MPQ are congruent by the SAS Congruence Postulate. EXAMPLE 2 Use SAS and properties of shapes In the diagram, QSand RPpass through the center Mof the circle. What can you conclude about MRSand MPQ? SOLUTION

6. Prove that SVRUVR STATEMENTS REASONS SV VU Given SVRRVU Definition of line Reflexive Property of Congruence RVVR SVRUVR SAS Congruence Postulate for Examples 1 and 2 GUIDED PRACTICE In the diagram, ABCDis a square with four congruent sides and four right angles. R, S, T, and Uare the midpoints of the sides of ABCD. Also, RT SUand . SU VU

7. STATEMENTS REASONS Given BS DU Definition of line RBSTDU Given RSUT SAS Congruence Postulate BSRDUT for Examples 1 and 2 GUIDED PRACTICE BSRDUT Prove that

8. EXAMPLE 2 Use SAS and properties of shapes In the diagram R is the center of the circle. If angle SRT is congruent to angle URT, what can you conclude about triangle SRT and Triangle URT?

9. Section 4.4 Right Angles Right Triangles: In a right triangles the sides adjacent to the right angle are called the legs. The side opposite the right angle is called the hypotenuseof the right angle

10. Section 4.4 Right Angles Theorem 4.5 Hypotenuse-Leg(HL) Congruence If the hypotenuse and a leg of a right triangle are congruent to the hypotenuse and a leg of a second right triangle, then the two triangles are congruent.

11. WYZXZY PROVE Redraw the triangles so they are side by side with corresponding parts in the same position. Mark the given information in the diagram. EXAMPLE 3 Use the Hypotenuse-Leg Congruence Theorem Write a proof. GIVEN WY XZ,WZ ZY, XY ZY SOLUTION

12. STATEMENTS REASONS WY XZ Given WZ ZY, XY ZY Given Definition of lines Z andY are right angles Definition of a right triangle WYZand XZY are right triangles. ZY YZ L Reflexive Property of Congruence WYZXZY HL Congruence Theorem EXAMPLE 3 Use the Hypotenuse-Leg Congruence Theorem

13. EXAMPLE 3 Use the Hypotenuse-Leg Congruence Theorem

14. EXAMPLE 4 Choose a postulate or theorem Sign Making You are making a canvas sign to hang on the triangular wall over the door to the barn shown in the picture. You think you can use two identical triangular sheets of canvas. You knowthatRP QS and PQ PS. What postulate or theorem can you use to conclude that PQRPSR?

15. You are given that PQ PS. By the Reflexive Property, RP RP. By the definition of perpendicular lines, both RPQ and RPSare right angles, so they are congruent. So, two sides and their included angle are congruent. ANSWER You can use the SAS Congruence Postulate to conclude that . PQRPSR EXAMPLE 4 Choose a postulate or theorem SOLUTION

16. EXAMPLE 4 Choose a postulate or theorem

17. Redraw ACBand DBCside by side with corresponding parts in the same position. for Examples 3 and 4 GUIDED PRACTICE Use the diagram at the right.

18. STATEMENTS REASONS AC DB Given AB BC, CD BC Given Definition of lines C B Definition of a right triangle ACBand DBC are right triangles. for Examples 3 and 4 GUIDED PRACTICE Use the diagram at the right. Use the information in the diagram to prove that ACBDBC

19. BC CB L Reflexive Property of Congruence ACBDBC HL Congruence Theorem for Examples 3 and 4 GUIDED PRACTICE STATEMENTS REASONS

20. Summary Summary Summary: Summarize the major points How can you use two sides and an angle to prove triangles congruent? Day 1 p.243-246 1, 2 ,4-even, 9-18, 25-27 Day 2 p.243-246 19-24, 31-39, 42-48 even

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