JAR-OPS 3 Training Syllabus - Day 1 • Lecture 1 JAA General • Lecture 2 The JAA Rulemaking Process • Lecture 3 JAR-OPS Part 3 contents • Lecture 4 Subpart A Applicability Subpart B General • Lecture 5 Subpart C Certification Subpart M Maintenance • Lecture 6 Subpart D Operational Procedures Subpart E All Weather Operations • Lecture 7 The Quality System.
JAR-OPS 3 Training Syllabus - Day 2 • Lecture 8 Subpart F, G, H, I, & J • Lecture 9 Subpart K: Instruments and Equipment Subpart L : Communication and Navigation Equipment • Lecture 10 Subpart N : Flight Crew Subpart O : Crew Members other than Flight Crew • Lecture 11 Subpart P : Manuals, Logs & Records • Lecture 12 Subpart Q, R, & S • Lecture 13 Joint Implementation Procedures (JIP) • Lecture 14 The principle and practice of OPST. • Closing Remarks, Questions and Discussions.
JAR-OPS 3 Course Lecture 1
Lecture 1: JAA General -1- The purpose of this course -2- Basis of Aviation Regulations -3- ICAO and JAA -4- JAA History -5- JAA Organisation -6- JAA Membership
JAR-OPS 3 Training Course • A general understanding of the JAA system. • A more detailed appreciation of the development/ content of JAR-OPS 3. • An understanding of how JAR-OPS 3 will be applied. The Purpose
International Regulatory Environment Why International air law code is necessary?
Responsibility of the state • Why do we need regulations? • The contracting state has a commitment to ensure a certain standard (quality) of air operations • Nature of responsibility • Discharge of state responsibility
Responsibility of the state “....the Authority....” … is the competent body responsible for the safety of Civil Aviation.
Responsibility of the state • Acceptance of the international standards and recommended practices (SARP’s), • The State has to issue Standards for Air Operations. It is legal aspect, • Some Standards may be mandatory even for foreign operators, • But it is obviously much better if the standards are the same, as often as possible, in the greatest number of States.
The State has to make sure that its required standards of operations are maintained, • AOC initial delivery and continuous surveillance, • Inspection system. Discharge of the State responsibility
ICAO • 7 December 1944, Chicago • Convention on International Civil aviation creating theInternational Civil Aviation Organisation • Objectives: • Safe and orderly development of International Civil Aviation, • Equality of opportunity, • Sound and economical operation for international air transport services. • 188 contracting states in June 2002
SARP’s • Appendices • Provision • Definitions ICAO – Status of Annex components 18 Annexes
Main Annexes to the convention of the ICAO • 1: Personnel licensing • 2: Rules of the Air • 6: Operations of aircraft • Part 1: International Commercial Air Transport – Aeroplanes • Part 2: International General Aviation – Aeroplanes • Part 3: International Operations – Helicopters • Part 4: Maintenance • 11: Air Traffic Services • 13: Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation
Main Annexes to the convention of the ICAO (Cont.) • 16: Environmental Protection • Volume 1: Aircraft noise • Volume 2: Aircraft engine emission • 17: Security • Safeguarding International Civil Aviation against acts of unlawful interference • 18: The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
Manuals Annexes Legal obligations Guidance for NAA’s and for operators Requirements EU national law EU regulations JAR’s Requirements and compliance interpretation JAA admin. And guidance material for the NAA’s European/National laws and regulations vs. ICAO Chicago Convention
JAA History • In the sixties: Thoughts from F/UK Concorde certification process • 1970: First work to develop JAR 25 • 1974: First Issue of JAR-25 (Three Subparts only) • 1983: First Aeroplane certificated to JAR 25 • 1987: Extension to Certification/Design Standards, Maintenance, Operations and Licensing for all classes of aircraft • 1990: Cyprus ”JAA Arrangements” signed • 1991: JAA codes become law in the EU states (regulation 3922/91) • 2002: EU regulation 1592/02 establishing EASA • 2003: EASA entry into force covering airworthiness/continued airworthiness responsabilities
EU Regulations • EU Regulations • Council Regulations (EEC) 3922/91 on the harmonization of technical requirements and administrative procedures in the field of civil aviation was issued on 16th Dec 1991 • From 1992 • All EU members states join the JAA • All EU members states adopt JARs • They must all accept Products, Organisations, Personnel certificated to common rules • New JARs and amendments have to be adopted
The European Joint Aviation Authorities • Based on “JAA arrangements” signed in Cyprus in 1990 • Membership : European States Civil Aviation Authorities • Associated body of the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC)
These European States agreed: • To provide high and consistent standards of safety • To provide a “level playing field” for competition in Europe • To allow mutual acceptance of products, persons, organisations • Cost-effective safety and minimum regulatory burden • Emphasis on harmonisation between the JAA and the • FAA/TCCA
Membership of JAA • Open to States who are members of ECAC • “Two-Phases”: Candidate Member and Full Member • At present: 32 Full Members, 6 Candidate Members
NAA responsibilities • Common position by the “Arrangements” document • Adopt JARs as sole codes • Legal responsibility for licences and medical certificates • Final decision on safety issues • Decision on common issues in JAA committee • Participation with resources (best endeavours) • by providing experts to develop the work • Pay the share of the budget
JAA Functions • Develop and adopt Joint Aviation Requirements (JARs) • Develop and adopt JARs procedures • Develop procedures for joint certification • Implement and harmonise JARs • Centre for professional expertise in Europe • Manage the publication of JAA documentation • Administer the budget • Harmonisation and co-operation with foreign Authorities
Eurocontrol(35) ECAC (41) Moldova* Monaco Romania Turkey Albania* Bulgaria* Croatia Macedonia* Armenia* Ukraine* JAA(38) Austria Belgium Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands EU (25) EFTA(3) Norway Switzerland Iceland Membership of ECAC, EU, JAA, EFTA & Eurocontrol Azerbaijan * = Candidate Member Bosnia & Herzegovina Serbia & Montenegro Poland Portugal Slovak Slovenia Spain Sweden UK
Full Members (32) Candidate Members (6) Austria Belgium Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Albania Armenia Bulgaria Macedonia Moldova Ukraine
Candidate Member State • Signs ‘Arrangements’ • Access to meetings • But • No voting rights • No automatic recognition of approvals
Any Questions?... End of Lecture 1