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FDA Health Canada World Health Organization PowerPoint Presentation
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FDA Health Canada World Health Organization

FDA Health Canada World Health Organization

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FDA Health Canada World Health Organization

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  1. Hites Foran Carpenter Hamilton Knuth Schwager FDA Health Canada World Health Organization

  2. Willett Harvard School of Public Health Gallo Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Blackburn Harvard Medical School Rimm Harvard School of Public Health Hahn Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Santerre Purdue University Guzelian University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Lichtenstein Friedman School of Nutrition, Tufts University TuckerEpidemiology and Dietary Assessment Program, Tufts University O'Sullivan University of Massachusetts Medical School Carpenter

  3. Farmed vs. Wild

  4. Farmed WildCost $7.50 $22.50Availability 12 mos 4 mos (meal for 4 people - 1.5 lbs.)

  5. $3 million $20 million

  6. July 2003 • Environmental Working Group • PCB = 27 ppb • 10 fish/questionable science • Heavy PR (5X wild, 40x beef, etc)

  7. 2,000 ppb (FDA) 27 ppb PCBs

  8. EWG on Food Policy FDA--wrong idea/numbers EPA--right idea/numbers

  9. “of course, the omega-3 benefits are not found in farmed salmon.” Dr. Frank Hue

  10. “of course, the omega-3 benefits are not found in farmed salmon.” “I can say categorically that these quotes are not mine...My understanding of omega-3 fatty acids in farm-raised salmon is also from the USDA nutrient database. Thus, I have no reason to believe that omega-3 fatty acids are lower in farm-raised salmon based on the USDA data.” Dr. Frank Hue

  11. Adapted from Seattle Post-Intelligencer January 15, 2004

  12. PCBs at any level do not belong in food. • We are not satisfied, even with the current low levels in farmed salmon. • We are working and succeeding at lowering them. But in the meantime remember two things….

  13. 23,000 in 100,000--lifetime risk of cancer. • 1, 2 or 3 additional cases in 100,000 (23,001 in 100,000) • 0.001 percent (1/1000 of a percent) increase

  14. 23,000 in 100,000--lifetime risk of cancer. • 1 additional case in 100,000 (23,001 in 100,000) • 0.001 percent • 30% reduction in CHD

  15. January 2004 • Hites, et.al. • 700 Fish • PCBs = 27 ppb

  16. Lots of enemies and few lots of friends.

  17. Willett Harvard School of Public Health Gallo Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Blackburn Harvard Medical School Rimm Harvard School of Public Health Hahn Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Santerre Purdue University Guzelian University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Lichtenstein Friedman School of Nutrition, Tufts University TuckerEpidemiology and Dietary Assessment Program, Tufts University O'Sullivan University of Massachusetts Medical School Carpenter

  18. “We have an epidemic of bad eating habits and bad food selections and that’s the forest that’s causing us so much heart disease, so much cancer, so much obesity, so much diabetes,” said Dr. George Blackburn, director of the Center for the Study of Nutrition and Medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. “This study on salmon is not even a branch on a tree in the forest relative to this force of healthy food that is so important to our longevity, to the quality of our life, and to preventing us from having chronic disease.” The Boston Globe, January 20, 2004

  19. Editorial Opinions About the “Study” and Farmed Salmon • The Wall Street Journal, February 11, 2004 • The Boston Globe, January 20, 2004 • Health Sciences Institute e-Alert, January 20, 2004 • The National Post, January 15, 2004 • NPR’s Morning Edition, January 22, 2004 • The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 19, 2004 • The New York Times, January 17, 2004 • FOXNews, January 16, 2004 • The Orlando Sentinel, January 10, 2004 • The Globe and Mail, January 10, 2004

  20. PBDEs

  21. Farmed vs. Wild

  22. “It’s a little bit hypocritical when we eat so much junk food and are so overweight that we would start worrying about fish from good providers such as established fish markets.” • Dr. George Blackburn, Harvard Medical School • The Journal of the American Medical Association, February 25, 2004

  23. Environment

  24. Less omega-3 • More saturated fat

  25. Color • Antibiotics

  26. Color • Big issue with consumers • Non-issue with regard to health

  27. Color • Not dyed………..fed • Same as wild salmon • Animal nutrition requirement • Human nutrition product

  28. Antibiotics • Only used for disease treatment • Under direct supervision of veterinarian • Strict withdrawal times (FDA, EU, Japan) • Less than 3% of feed medicated

  29. Battleground has shifted……

  30. PCBs

  31. Lots of enemies and few friends.