FACS Unit 3: Housing and Interior Design Mrs. Judy Moore 15 class periods
3.1 Match terms related to housing • See handout
3.2 Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Single Family Home • are free standing, they don’t share walls with another unit, may be one story or many, and offer housing to a single family.
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Multiple-family Housing • Duplex--one building that contains two separate units.
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Multiplex--is similar to a duplex, but three or more units share one building
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Townhouse--homes built in rows and attached to one another at the side walls
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Apartments--this term covers any structure that has rental units for more than 2 families
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Condominium--individually owned units in a multiple-family dwelling. The owner pays a fee to cover maintaining hallways, landscaping, and other common areas.
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Cooperative--less common form of ownership. Residents of a multiple-family dwelling form an organization that owns the building that owns the building. Members must buy shares in the building in order to have a living unit in the building. New members must be voted on before buying shares are allowed.
Match housing choices with the definitions of each • Mobile Home (manufactured housing)--are movable dwellings. Mobile homes are built and assembled at a factory and moved to its location.
3.3 Name the factors to consider when choosing a house • Location • Proximity to schools, shopping, church, parks and recreation • Condition of neighborhood • Affordability • Does it meet the needs of the family: • Appropriate size • handicap accessible
3.3.1 Analyze housing choices • Rent • pay a monthly fee • pay utilities • no up keep • no tax break on loan • Buy • pride in ownership • monthly payment • tax break on interest paid on mortgage • equity • up keep
3.4 List the factors to consider when planning personal living space • Personal space--place in the home where a person can go for privacy • Family space--place in the home that is shared by all that live there
List the factors to consider when planning personal living space • Personal space to meet personal needs • sleeping, dressing, reading, crafts, entertaining • Arrangement of personal space in areas shared with another person • create ways to dived the space • Organization of storage space • eliminate clutter • use unused space for storage
List the factors to consider when planning personal living space • Furniture arrangement • create definite areas for certain activities • arrange furniture in a convenient and functional groupings • consider traffic patterns • leave space between furniture so it can be used comfortably • have items needed in each area of personal space • choice of accessories reflects personal taste • ways to display collections
3.5 Name the elements of design • COLOR • LINE • FORM/SHAPE • TEXTURE • SPACE
3.6 Discuss the elements of design as related to housing • Color: • gives great life and beauty to room • expresses the personality of entire family • set the mood of a room • seem warmer or cooler • change the apparent size and shape of a room • tie other design elements together • disguise architectural flaws • creates a center of interest
Discuss the elements of design as related to housing • Line--provides a sense of direction because they cause your eye to move side to side or up and down. • Vertical lines--point to the sky • Horizontal lines--relaxation, informality • Diagonal lines--activity, movement • Curved lines--activity or relaxation, depending on the degree to which they are curved.
Discuss the elements of design as related to housing • Form or Shape--make up the object’s shape, the shape becomes three-dimensional, it gains depth and is known as form • Form is best determined by how it will be used, otherwise known as its “function”
Discuss the elements of design as related to housing • Texture--refers to the way a surface feels when you touch it and to the way you expect a surfaceto feel when you see it. • Shiny • brighter and lighter • Smooth • Dull • Rough • uneven surfaces absorb light and make a room seem smaller
Discuss the elements of design as related to housing • Space--refers to the three-dimensional area to be designed such as the room itself • Space can make a room seem quite different depending on how it’s used • cozy verses crowded
3.7 Name the principles of design • When used together in design, the elements of color, line, form, and texture make sense only when certain principles of design are applied to them. They are: • Proportion • Balance • Emphasis • Rhythm • Harmony
Name the principles of design • Proportion--the way one part of a design relates in size or shape to another or to the whole. • Based on form and size • unequal proportion is more pleasing • Furniture and accessories that are too large will crowd a small room and make the room seem even smaller.
Name the principles of design • Balance--gives a feeling of equal weight among parts of a design. • Formal--objects on each side of an imaginary centerline are the same • Informal--the objects on each side of the center are different in size, form, texture, or color
Name the principles of design • Emphasis--the point of greatest interest • examples--fireplace, flower arrangement, artwork
Name the principles of design • Rhythm--feeling of movement, leading the eye from one point to another • Repetition--repeating color, line, form, texture • Opposition--rhythm formed by lines meeting at right angles • Gradation--created by a change in color value from dark to light • Radiation--lines extend outward from a central point, such as a bouquet of flowers • Transition--rhythm found in curved lines
Name the principles of design • Harmony--the feeling that all parts of a design belong together. • Variety is interesting if objects grouped together have something in common such as color
3.8 Discuss the principles of design as related to housing • The ultimate goals of design are beauty, appropriateness and unity with variation. • Beauty--whatever you consider beautiful enough to go into your home, will make your home a unique place. • Appropriateness--colors appropriate for the mood, forms appropriate for their function, and designs appropriate for you personality. • Unity with variation--design works best when one item dominates and other items provide variety and contrast. Rooms are pleasing if they have one dominate color, one dominate line, one point of emphasis, one dominate type of balance.
3.9 Name the three classification of color • Primary • Secondary • Intermediate/Tertiary
3.10 Chart colors as warm or cool • Cool Colors • green • blue • violet • Warm Colors • yellow • orange • red
3.11 Identify the basic color schemes • Monochromatic--variations of one color only • light blue, blue, and dark blue • Complementary--made up of 2 colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel • blue and orange • red and green
Identify the basic color schemes • Triadic--3 colors the same distance from one another on the color wheel • red, blue and yellow • Analogous--2 or more colors next to each other on the color wheel • blue green, green, and blue • Split complementary--results when a color is combined with colors on each side of its complement • blue, red-orange, yellow-orange
Color schemes: http://www.paintquality.com/color/#
3.12 State the ways to care for furniture • Dust in the direction of the grain • Never use water on wood furniture • Apply a bee’s wax polish once a year on wood furniture • Vacuum upholstered furniture seasonally • Test cleaning products in an area not seen before using on entire piece • Protect your furniture with coasters, tablecloths, or glass to prevent damage
3.13 Select daily, weekly, and occasional household chores needed for home care • Daily • empty trash • make bed • wash dishes • put away clean dishes and wipe down counter • pick up dirty clothes and place in hamper • straighten up • put away clean clothes
Select daily, weekly, and occasional household chores needed for home care • Weekly • change bedding • clean out and organize refrigerator • clean bathroom • do laundry • vacuum • mop • mow grass • sweep porch, garage, deck
Select daily, weekly, and occasional household chores needed for home care • Seasonally • clean and straighten drawers • clean bed coverings • clean closets • wash windows and glass doors • shampoo carpets • vacuum upholstered furniture • wash curtains/dry clean drapes • clean out gutters
3.14 Designate features needed for home safety • Protection from fires • fire extinguishers • smoke detectors • Protection from intruders • lock doors and windows • keep bushes trimmed back from windows • well lighted entrances • Protection from falls • well lighted stairs • non-slip mats in bath
3.14 Designate features needed for home safety • Protection from poisoning • Poison control center • 1-800-222-1222 • don’t mix cleaning supplies • throw out old medicines • read directions • keep dangerous products out of reach of young children
3.15 Name ways to apply conservation techniques in the home • Keep thermostat turned down to 68 degrees in winter • Set air conditioner no lower than 78 degrees • use ceiling fans to circulate heat or cool air • install extra installation • use cold water when possible • run full loads of dishes and clothes • fill sink to rinse dishes instead of running water
3.16 Discuss the occupations related to housing • Carpenter • Architect • Civil Engineers • Maintenance personal • Plumbers • Electricians • Interior Designers • Showroom salespeople
3.17 Identify the personality traits needed to work in the area of housing • Likes to work with others • Good listener • Talented/Skilled in trade • Can visualize what others want