Assignments • Read Pages 138-168 • Be familiar with “Thinking Like a Criminologist p 167
Where did Phrenology go? Franz Gall
Phrenology What were phrenology's limitations?
Phrenology Was Popular • American Phrenological Journal and Life Illustrated • Phrenological journal • The Constitution of Man
Phineas Gage • Empirical Evidence for Phrenology was non existent • 1848 Accident
Enrico Ferri (1856-1929) Student of Lombroso’s
Inheritance School • Ferri concluded that Crime Behavior is Inherited • Habitual Criminals are mostly affected by environment.
Inheritance School All crime is Involuntary Behavior
Inheritance School Habitual Criminals are Mostly Affected by Environment
Ferri’s Four criminal Types • Insane • Born • Occasional • Criminal by passion
Inheritance school • Three Factors that should be Considered for Criminality • Social • Economic • Political
What Ferri Added to Criminology • Crime Prevention
Raffaele Garafolo(1852-1934) • Certain Physical characteristics indicate a criminal nature • Lowered Sensitivity to pain indicated by tattooing
Garafolo • Probity • Morality, values • Pity • Feeling for others, remorse
What Garofolo Gave Criminology • “Society is an organic body and crime is the disease” • American Eugenics Movement ( The Social Defense Approach to Criminological Positivism
American Eugenics DO YOU AGREE THAT CRIMINAL CONDUCT IS A PRODUCT OF A COMBINATION OF INHERITED PHYSICAL TRAITS, SOCIAL FACTORS AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT?
American Eugenics WOULD IT BE A GOOD PREVENTATIVE MEASURE TO STERILIZE PEOPLE WHO PASS ON CRIMINAL TENDENCIES?
Next Lecture Buck v. Bell 274 US 200(1927) Mandatory Sterilization to rid America of the “Dregs of Society” Body Types and Criminality